What causes pain in my colon

Gastrointestinal disease

Causes & Symptoms

What are gastrointestinal diseases?

There are several types of gastrointestinal diseases:

  • Stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers
    Ulcers in the stomach and duodenum show up as persistent pain. In the case of gastric ulcer these occur more in connection with eating and in the case of duodenal ulcer more at night when empty. Indications of bleeding from these ulcers are pitch black stools or vomiting of blood or coffee grounds.
  • Diseases of the small and large intestines
    Diseases of the small and large intestines also cause abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits. Every year around 70,000 people in Germany develop colon or rectal cancer. The preventive examination of the large intestine from the age of 50 and stool examinations protect against the development of a malignant disease. This benefit is covered by the health insurances every ten years, and even more often if there is a family history or alarm symptoms.
  • Functional gastrointestinal disorders
    Chronic irritable bowel syndrome or functional stomach disorders have no physical causes. At the Schön Klinik, we examine your complaints thoroughly and rule out any visible diseases. Then we will explain to you exactly your functional disorders in the gastrointestinal tract and advise you on diet and lifestyle. With irritable bowel syndrome, for example, switching to a diet rich in fiber often helps. In many cases, the experts in our psychosomatic department can also give advice or take you on for psychotherapy.

Causes: This is how gastrointestinal diseases develop

Stomach ulcers and the duodenal area are often caused by the gastric mucosal bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

In the case of gastric ulcers, the main triggers are painkillers and rheumatic drugs, as well as an unhealthy lifestyle.

The causes of chronic diarrhea are manifold. Starting with intestinal diseases over food intolerance to metabolic or cancer diseases.

Symptoms: signs of gastrointestinal disease

Heartburn is often the main symptom.
Other possible symptoms are:
  • diarrhea
  • Vomit
  • stomach pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • Stomach pressure
  • Bloating, gas
  • nausea
  • Headache and body aches
  • fever


Diagnosis: This is how gastrointestinal disease is diagnosed

Depending on the type and location of your complaints, we at the Schön Klinik have different diagnostic methods to get to the bottom of your illness. If the abdominal disease is unclear or if the gastrointestinal tract is mirrored, we use imaging methods such as x-rays, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography. After all, a gastroscopy always gives an accurate diagnosis.

Diagnostics: diseases of the esophagus

If a disease of the esophagus is suspected, acid treatment can be used. Depending on the extent of your symptoms and your age, we can also perform a gastroscopy immediately. Pre-stages or early stages of cancer in the transition area from the stomach to the esophagus can be precisely tracked and can often be treated without surgery.
In special cases, an ultrasound examination from the inside can also be carried out during the gastroscopy. This shows the changes in the esophagus and stomach wall very precisely.

Diagnostics: diseases of the large and small intestines

Magnetic resonance imaging helps to find the exact cause of your illness. If desired, this examination can be carried out with calming agents or under a short anesthetic and is then completely symptom-free.
We also recommend a colonoscopy. With this we can remove possible polyps of the mucous membrane, which mean a preliminary stage of cancer.

Diagnostics: diarrheal diseases

We carefully examine your intestines and, if necessary, take fine tissue samples.
Even if your joints or connective tissue are inflamed, there may be a bowel disease behind it. We also check in great detail whether this is the case.
In acute diarrheal illness that lasts less than two weeks, an infection is often the trigger. Stool and laboratory examinations and sometimes a gastrointestinal examination are required for clarification.
In the case of chronic diarrhea that lasts longer than four weeks, we examine the large intestine via a mirror and, if necessary, also the small intestine or duodenum.
Inpatient admission is often useful if you have diarrhea.

Cancer prevention through early examinations

From the age of 50 or in the event of alarm symptoms such as excretion of blood or weight loss, a gastroscopy should be carried out at an early stage. In this way, we can recognize cancer at an early stage and treat it in good time. The gastroscopy can be done with calming agents or under short anesthesia if desired.