Is the Airbus Beluga aerodynamic
Airbus Beluga XL ++ super freighter
The super freighter Airbus Beluga will soon be replaced by the Airbus Beluga XL.
The reason for this is the larger cargo space and fuel savings.
The 63.1 m long and 18.9 m high Beluga XL cargo aircraft is based on the Airbus A330-200 cargo aircraft.
The new aircraft has a large, bubble-like airframe with an 8 m long, 2.1 t upper fuselage and a spacious cargo hold.
The aircraft's lower fuselage is similar to that of the A330-200.
The fuselage of the Beluga XL is equipped with long and thin wings with a wing area of 361.6 m² and a wingspan of 60.3 m.
The tail section has a single vertical fin with two horizontal stabilizers fitted with a pair of vertical end fins for the tail.
Technical data Beluga XL:
• Maximum takeoff weight: 227t
• Maiden flight: July 2018
• Commissioning: 2019
• Range: 2,200 nm
The wing structures are made of carbon fiber reinforced polymer materials and offer increased aerodynamic efficiency.
The aircraft's maximum take-off and landing weight is 227 t and 187 t, respectively. The plane weighs 178 tons without fuel.
Crew of the Beluga XL
The aircraft is operated by a crew of three, including two pilots and a loadmaster.
The landing gear consists of a two-wheeled nose landing gear and four-wheeled main landing gear legs.
The Beluga XL has 30% more payload than the Beluga ST, which is based on the Airbus A300-600 passenger aircraft.
With the ability to accommodate a pair of A350 XWB aircraft wings, the new generation of aircraft will cover the transport capacity requirements for the A350 XWB's call.
Propulsion and power of Beluga XL transport aircraft
The new Beluga XL transport aircraft will be operated by two Rolls-Royce Trent 700 turbofan engines powered, which are suspended from wing masts.
Each engine develops 72,000 pounds of thrust.
The Airbus Beluga XL can fly non-stop at full payload up to a maximum distance of 2,200 nautical miles (4,074 km).
The Beluga XL is scheduled to enter service in 2019 and will replace the current fleet of five Beluga ST aircraft operated by Airbus Transport International by 2025.
The French aircraft manufacturer Airbus is developing the Beluga XL heavy-duty transport aircraft, an enhanced version of the A300-600ST (Beluga) Super Transporter (ST), to meet future air transport capacity requirements.
With the five planned Beluga XL lifts, large parts of Airbus aircraft will be transported from various production sites across Europe to the final assembly plants in Toulouse (France) and Hamburg (Germany).
Beluga XL cockpit and cargo
The cockpit and the bow section of the Airbus Beluga XL have been lowered to make more space for the main deck.
The front section weighs 8.2 t and is 12 m long, 6 m wide and 4 m high.
With an inside diameter of 8 m, the 45 m long loading space offers space for voluminous payloads with a weight of approx. 53 t.
In the front area there is a 140 m² loading door, which facilitates loading and unloading of the cargo directly from or to the main deck with a roll-on-roll-off function.
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