What are Guardian Angels in Islam
Friday sermon (PDF)
Belief in the angels
Belief in angels is one of the fundamental foundations of Islamic belief. Belief in the existence of angels is a sign of belief in the hidden, which in turn is one of the fundamental qualities of believers who sincerely surrender to Allah. This reality is expressed in the noble Quran as follows: “The Messenger (Allah) believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord (as revelation), and so do believers; all believe in Allah, His angels, His books and His messengers. "1
According to Islamic belief, angels are beings that are made of light, can take on various shapes and cannot be perceived with the senses. Because of this, people cannot see the angels. However, prophets could sometimes see the angels in their original form. In contrast to material beings, angels have no gender, or have no need to eat or drink.2 Angels are beings who carry out the commands of Allah and have given themselves completely to Him.
From birth to death, people are constantly accompanied by angels. The angels are messengers from Allah who are responsible for certain relationships between Allah and humans. The angels stand up for the goodness, the worldly and otherworldly welfare of people and have the task of supervising and protecting people. Angels are agents from a heavenly world.
We know of four great angels:3
- Jabrail (Gabriel), whom the exalted Allah has commissioned to convey His revelations to His Prophets,
- Mikail (Michael), the angel of gifts and mercy,
- Azrail, known as the Angel of Death,
- and Israfil (Raphael)4who will blow the trumpet as herald of Judgment Day.
In addition, there are the angels “kiraman katibin” who are charged with recording the good and bad deeds of the people, the guardian angels (hafaza) and the angels “munkar” and “nakir” who receive the people in the grave.
While some angels say “amin” with the praying people, other angels accompany the believers in their prayers every day.5 In addition, the angels visit believers who remember Allah (Dhikr) and recite the Koran. In addition to angels, who spread their wings over the students in science circles, there are also multitudes of troops who rush to the aid of the faithful in wars.
In addition to the angels with the tasks mentioned, there are many angels whose names and number are unknown and who are charged with praying for the believers and asking for their forgiveness (istigfar). Some of them ask for forgiveness for those who visit the sick. Others witness the Friday prayers for those who attend. Others ask for mercy for those believers who stand up for the twilight fast (sauhur)6 and fast patiently.7
I would like to end my Friday sermon with this and hope to be able to reap the supplications communicated to us by the great Allah in the verse. Let us live such a life that with our deeds and our sincere faith we can reap these supplications of the angels:
"Those who hold the throne and those around him extol their Lord and believe in Him and ask for forgiveness for those who believe:" Our Lord, you embrace everything in your mercy and knowledge. So forgive those who repent and follow your path and save them from the punishment of hellfire. Our Lord, let them enter the gardens of Eden, which you promised them, and whoever is righteous of their fathers, their wives and their descendants, you are the Almighty and All Wise. And keep them from the evil deeds. Whom you save from evil deeds on that day, you have pity on him, and that is the great success. "8
Religious Commissioner, DITIB Central Mosque, Berlin
1 Koran, al-Baqara, 2/285
2 Koran, al-Dhariyat, 51 / 24-28
3 Ibn Abu Shayba, Musannaf, Zuhd, 47
4 Ishaq b. Rahuye, Musnad, I, 85
5 an-Nasai, Salat, 21
6 Ahmad ibn Hanbal, III, 12
7 at-Tirmidhi, Sawm, 67
8 Koran, al-Mu’min, 40 / 7-9
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