South Africa is an African state
Stellenbosch is a city in the Western Cape Province, South Africa and is located almost 50 kilometers east of Cape Town, along the banks of the Eerste River. It is also the second oldest European settlement in the province, after Cape Town. The city became known as the City of Oaks (or Eikestad in Afrikaans) due to the large number of oak trees planted by its founder, Simon van der Stel, that grace the streets and houses.
Stellenbosch is the best known, second oldest (after Constantia) and probably also the most scenic wine-growing region. It has the greatest density of top wineries and is responsible for around 14% of the country's annual wine production. There are around 90 different soil formations, but they are consistently acidic. The wines are correspondingly juicy and flavourful.
Even if almost 2/3 of the areas under cultivation are planted with white grapes, there is increasing awareness that the area is also predestined for red wines, because Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinotage in particular love the warm climate. White wines only grow in the higher elevations or in the area affected by cool sea winds.
The region is surrounded by the Helderberg, Simonsberg and the Stellenbosch Mountains and also receives some climatic influences from the nearby False Bay. This bay tempered the climate and keeps the average temperatures in summer (vegetation period) at around 20 ° C, which is only slightly warmer than e.g. the Bordeaux region. The local soil types range from broken granite on the hills near the mountains to the sandy alluvial clay in the valleys near the rivers.
The seven areas of Stellenbosch-Banghoek, Bottelary, Devon Valley, Jonkershoektal, Papegaaiberg, Polkadraai Hills and Simonsberg-Stellenbosch are known for their red wine production and demonstrate the terroir distinctions, especially with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage and Shiraz. The white wine production mostly revolves around Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, which are also often mixed together. In the western foothills of Stellenbosch, such as in Bottelary and near Elsenburg, one can also find a considerable part of the Chenin Blanc plantings, especially in areas with rich light sandy soils.
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