Which is more common psychopath or sociopath

Sociopath: 10 Signs You're Working With One

Who the term Sociopath hears, probably immediately thinks of criminals. This assumption is not entirely wrong, as sociopaths have characteristics that at least favor a criminal career. At the same time it can be stated that this type of person is more widespread than expected. Unfortunately, you will likely meet one or the other sociopath at work, whom you have to recognize as such in order to be able to react properly. Because: All sociopaths have in common their ruthlessness towards other contemporaries. What you should know about this and how you can protect yourself from a sociopath ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Definition: What Makes a Sociopath?

The term sociopath is derived from an artificial word, the one Conduct disorder of a person describes:

Sociopathy comes from Latin socius = Companion or comrade and ancient Greek pathos = Suffering. The term was coined by the German psychiatrist Karl Birnbaum. The American psychologist George Partridge made this term popular.

He used sociopath in demarcation to psychopath to underline that this case is about violating social norms and antisocial behavior. A sociopath is characterized by a disturbed social behavior, often behaves antisocially, violates norms and values ​​and has a reduced feeling of empathy, consideration or even remorse.

It is difficult to distinguish between a sociopath and a psychopath. The two terms are therefore often used synonymously.

Some prefer to use the term sociopathy, because with psychopathy to avoid a risk of confusion with psychosis. In other cases it will actually differently defined: While some speak of sociopaths because they see social reasons and the environment in early childhood as the main causes, others prefer the term psychopaths.

You see They see psychological, biological and genetic factors together with influences from the environment as causal. The psychologist Robert Hare defines the differences as follows:

  • Psychopath: has no empathy or morals
  • Sociopath: deviates from the average in his ideas of right or wrong

In clinical psychiatry none of the terms occurs, since the behavior described below is there under the term of antisocial or dissocial personality disorder be summarized.

Sociopath or Psychopath: Traits and Differences

Depending on which evaluation criteria are used, the information about how many people are affected by disscosial personality disorder fluctuates. According to the best-known psychiatric classification system DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), this diagnosis applies to around three percent of all men and one percent of all women.

The fact that in part more than 70 percent of all people in addiction treatment centers and prisons have this disorder, suggests that they are particularly likely to become criminals.

Although sociopaths and psychopaths are grouped under antisocial personality disorder, that does not mean that they are one and the same clinical picture. Both conflict with the law and show little remorse. They are of little interest in the rights and self-determination of other people.

In addition to various overlaps such as….

  • aggressiveness
  • Violence
  • Unscrupulousness
  • crime
  • lying
  • manipulation
  • shamelessness

Is there a Number of differences:

  • Sociopathy Symptoms

    • Sociopaths are easily irritable and nervous,
    • are erratic and haphazard,
    • quickly feel offended,
    • often react recklessly and uncontrollably,
    • tend to have strong emotional attacks such as outbursts of anger,
    • are rarely employed long-term,
    • live as outsiders with low incomes.
  • Psychopathy symptoms

    • Psychopaths have no compassion
    • are controlled and calculating,
    • emotions can act,
    • are charming and charismatic,
    • manipulate others to gain their trust,
    • proceed systematically and purposefully,
    • often have a good education and secure employment.

Causes of Sociopathy and Antisocial Behavior

One of the biggest differences is that while sociopaths are capable of emotions, they cannot control them well. Her impulsive and uncontrolled manner automatically moves her to the Edge of society. Although they would like to have relationships, at the same time they have never learned to observe the rules and rights of others.

Even psychopaths don't care much. Besides, they are Master of Appearances: On the surface, they adapt extremely well. Their skillful manipulation allows them to gain the trust of others.

While sociopaths primarily hold the environment responsible, psychopaths see genetic causes. Sociopaths often have in childhood Violence and neglect experienced. This results in a disorder of social behavior.

In psychopaths, on the other hand, the brain region for compassion and impulse control is underdeveloped. In short: sociopathy is learned and often results from it traumatic experienceswhile psychopathy is innate.

10 signs your coworker is a sociopath

Do you want to work with a sociopath? The answer to that, of course, is a resounding no. However, it is entirely possible that you will not notice at first glance when you are dealing with a sociopath.

A sociopath is often characterized as follows: Refined, highly intelligent types who also have a pronounced charisma. The fact that this combination is used to manipulate the environment is often noticed too late.

Intelligence in combination with charisma can be impressive, convincing and even attractive. Of course, there is such a mix outside of sociopathy too - so the key is to recognize when you are facing a sociopath.

That is exactly the crux. Unfortunately, in most cases, sociopaths are good at pretending. A sociopath also does not even notice that he is behaving wrongly or differently and therefore never sees the guilt in himself. This behavior fosters conflicts.

However, the disturbed social behavior of a sociopath does not show up constantly in every situation, but only flashes every now and then. There are certain signs that can tell whether your coworker (or manager or partner) is a sociopath or not. You should pay attention to these:

  • He is much more spontaneous than others

    What sounds positive at first glance is unfortunately also accompanied by volatility and a lack of reliability. If a decision was due by a certain point in time, everything is suddenly thrown back on the heap. Instead, the colleague acts completely irrationally and incomprehensibly.

  • He never sees the guilt in himself

    A sociopath makes life difficult for those around him. He creates conflicts, manipulates in his favor and breaks rules. Nevertheless, he never sees himself as responsible and does not feel remorse for his behavior.

  • He's not embarrassed

    Where others are deeply ashamed or apologize, the sociopath knows no remorse or even shame. Instead of a conscience, he is only guided by his own desires. Anything that benefits him - regardless of whether it harms others - is pursued. Often times, a sociopath doesn't even notice when other people are suffering from his or her kind.

  • He's lying like a print

    Free of any conscience problems, it is great to lie. Fraud and manipulation to get what they want from others is part of their repertoire. He'll deny it to the blood if you convict him of lying.

  • He takes great risks

    The typical sociopath doesn't worry about something going wrong. He doesn't care whether the odds are good or not. He is ready to take even the greatest risks, even if the odds are clearly against him.

  • He has a big ego

    Research shows that sociopaths are very similar to narcissists because they have similar levels of self-esteem. However, this needs constant outside confirmation from others, which is why they are constantly seeking attention.

  • He lacks empathy

    Sociopaths have one major shortcoming when it comes to empathy. Neglected even in childhood, the emotional world of others is literally alien to them. So if you watch bad news that a colleague is completely uninvolved while others are deeply affected, you have certain signs of sociopathy here.

  • He already had a lot of jobs

    Job hopping isn't a sign of sociopaths per se. But the other way around, it is typical for sociopaths to rarely have long-term jobs. This is partly related to their qualifications, on the other hand it would represent a sense of responsibility - sociopaths rarely have both.

  • He cannot control his impulses

    Sociopaths have poor impulse control, making it difficult or impossible for them to control certain actions. This leads to rash actions. If they become criminals, such crimes are often poorly planned. They are also prone to aggressive behavior and violence towards others.

  • He is incapable of criticism

    Often times, a sociopath cannot handle criticism. That is, if you confront him about something and question him critically, he is very likely to escalate the situation through aggressive behavior.

At the same time it must be said: Just because someone individual characteristics shows he's far from being a sociopath. It is more the combination of several characteristics. It is therefore important to observe carefully at the beginning when you get to know someone.

The more of that person you - also in contact with others - the better you will be able to judge. In this regard, trust your intuition: If someone strikes you as strange, there is a reason for it.

What other readers have read

[Photo credit: Khosro by Shutterstock.com]