What are the social causes of depression

Causes of depression

Depression rarely has a single cause, usually a combination of different factors leads to the disease:

  • Physical effects: z. B. Light deprivation
  • Personality factors: Many people with depressive illnesses are more performance-oriented in a healthy state, ready to take responsibility for others and tend to be strict with themselves.
  • Assessment: The predisposition to depression can be congenital (genetic cause) or acquired. With a genetic predisposition, those affected often tend to develop depression in stressful situations or even without recognizable stress.
  • Stressful psychosocial factors: The separation, the loss or death of an important caregiver or partner conflicts, as well as a chronic overload situation or problematic experiences in childhood (upbringing, family environment) can trigger depression.
  • Stressful social factors: Social factors that require adjustment to new circumstances also often appear before the onset of depression (e.g. marriage, unemployment, retirement).
  • Physical illnesses: z. B. Thyroid dysfunction or brain disease (anterior pituitary disease)
  • Other factors: such as childbirth (puerperium), torture, alcohol, certain drugs (such as cortisone).

Depression is a metabolic disorder in the brain. The messenger substances such as serotonin or norepinephrine play a decisive role. They are responsible for the transmission of information between the nerve cells. Altered functional processes in the brain, which can be attributed to an insufficient concentration of messenger substances or a faulty transmission, are discussed as the cause of the dysfunction and the symptoms of depression. Current research shows that depression also affects the control system for stress hormones.