Does the angel of music exist

Sura 7 verse 11The story of the devil

"We created you, then we formed you. Then we said to the angels: 'Bow down before Adam!'".

The Koran tells of the devil's fall from heaven in no less than seven different suras. The story begins when God commands all the angels to prostrate themselves to Adam - that is, the man God had just created. All angels obey divine command - except for one, the devil. In Arabic it is called: Iblîs. When God confronts him, he explains according to sura 7 verse 12: "I am better than him. You created me from fire, you created him from clay."

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This story caused great confusion among classical Muslim interpreters of the Qur'an. The Arabic word for "prostrate" in verse 7:11 is "sajada". It is exactly the word that is used to denote the prostration of Muslims in prayer. And it is the word from which the Arabic term for mosque is derived: "masjid". In other words, this story appears as if God commanded the angels to worship Adam. That would violate the central Islamic principle that worship belongs to God alone.

Gabriel Said Reynolds teaches at the private Catholic university in the city of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA. (priv.) To solve this problem, some Koran commentators argued that this was a special form of "prostration" that only implied a greeting, not a prayer. They often compared the angels bowing to Adam with Joseph's story in the Koran, according to which his brothers and parents in Egypt also prostrated before him.

Others tried to solve the problem with the idea that the angels had actually prostrated before God. Adam basically only served to indicate the direction, just as the niche in a mosque indicates the direction to Mecca.

In fact, the best way to understand history is to look at it in the light of its relationship to Christian tradition. The story about the adoration of Adam by the angels is not found in the Bible, but it stands out in some texts that were written after the Bible but before the Koran. Underneath is a Syrian font with the title "The Treasure Cave". In it, as in the Koran, the devil says that he will not prostrate himself to Adam because he was made of fire, while Adam was made of dust.

Christians used history to portray the parallels between Adam, who was a perfect image of God before his fall, and Christ as the embodiment of God. Actually, the adoration of Adam by the angels for Christians is an anticipation of the adoration of Christ by the angels, of which the apostle Paul reports in his letter to the Philippians: "And because Jesus bears this name, everyone will one day throw themselves on their knees before him, all who are in heaven, on earth and under earth. " (Philippians 2:10).

Incidentally, Jewish sources largely reject the tradition of angels kneeling before Adam. The "Genesis Rabba", the great Jewish commentary on the book of Genesis - the first book of Moses in the Bible - reports that the angels, who recognized Adam as the divine image, tried to worship him. Seeing what the angels were up to, God put Adam to sleep. When the angels saw the sleeping person, they realized that Adam was just a creation and so they did not worship him.

Instead of rejecting such narratives, the Qur'an seeks to make them its own. To this end, he rejects the interpretations that Christians have given them. The Koran thus removes the symbolic allusion to Christ from the story and turns it into a narrative that is simply about obedience to God and his commands.

The audio version is a slightly shortened version of this text for reasons of broadcasting time.