What are the roots of Indo Guyanese
Dougla people - Dougla people
|Regions with significant population groups|
|Caribbean, especially in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Martinique and Suriname|
|English, French, Dutch, Caribbean Hindustani|
|Predominantly : minority :|
|Related ethnic groups|
Dougla (Plural Douglas ) are Caribbean of mixed African and Indian ancestry. The word Dougla (also Dugla or Dogla ) is used in the Dutch and English-speaking Caribbean.
The word Dougla date back to Doogala (दुगला), a Caribbean Hindustani word that can mean "many", "a lot" or "a mixture". Some of the connotations of the word, such as bastard, illegitimate, and son of a bitch, are secondary and restricted to parts of northern India where the term may have originated. In the West Indies, the word is only used for Afro-Indo mixed race, although it was originally used as a word to describe the caste mix. The word has its etymological roots in Hindi, where "do" means two and "gala" means "throat". The word could have been used to refer to people who could speak Indian and African languages.
Guyana, Afro-Guyana, and Indo-Guyanese make up half of the population and Douglas number 15% of the country's demographics.
In the French West Indies (Guadeloupe, Martinique), mixed Afro-Indian people were called Batazendien or Chapé-Coolie, those who escaped the uncomfortable Indian state by becoming hybrids.
In the French West Indies, they are now treated more positively by other populations and no longer face the cruel existential dilemma of the post-slavery era. The unusual phenomenon of mutual acceptance and cultural exchange, now referred to by some as the "Guadeloupe Model", has contributed greatly to the rare harmony of the multiracial French West Indian communities.
There are sporadic records of consensual and non-consensual relationships between the Indo and Euro interracial before the African and Indian varieties mix ethnically. Women were a rarity among previous Indian migrants. Many did not travel across the Atlantic for a number of reasons, including fear of exploitation and the assumption that they were unable to work.
Socio-religious practices played a role as religious practices are of paramount importance to the Hindu religion and the preservation of religion and culture was of the utmost importance for the identified workers in a hostile and prejudicial environment towards them. Islam had similar religious and cultural requirements as the caste system among South Asian Muslims, as well as the Koran's prohibition on marrying only those who have similar religious beliefs, ancestors, tribes and languages. The connection with people outside the community who adharmic and tamasic Practices (for Hindus) and Haram Practices practiced (for Muslims) were seen as a compromise for their religion and culture, which were seen as essential for survival in the foreign land.
The second reason was socio-economic. The arrival of the Indians in the British Caribbean was not meant to be permanent. For most Indian immigrants, the goal was to achieve material prosperity under contract and then return to their respective home countries. The dougla represents the postponement and deferral of that goal, when it does not make it totally impossible, a living symbol of the departure from cultural custom is jati.
Other Indo-based species of mixed heritage (Indochinese (Chindians), Indo-Latino / Hispanic (Tegli), Indo-English (Anglo-Indians), Indo-Portuguese (Luso Indians), Indo-Irish (Irish Indians), Indo-Scottish (Scottish -Indians), Indo-Dutch, Indo-Arabs, and Indo-Carib) tended to identify as one of the older, unmixed ethnic tribes on the island: Afro, Indo, Amerindian, or Euro, or one of them.
In the Trinidad culture
A Calypsonian, the Mighty Dougla (Clatis Ali), described the location of Douglas in the 1960s:
"When they go Indians to India
and send Africans back to Africa
Well somebody please just tell me
where do you send me poor?
I am neither one nor the other.
Six of one, half a dozen of the other.
So if they send all these people home "for true
You have to split me in two "
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