Will Brexit reduce immigration to the UK?
Great BritainImmigration on points
"I've seen up to 40 people on trucks, but we're talking about 15, 16, sometimes up to 40 people in small boats and on some days up to 17 boats run out. Those are gigantic numbers."
Kevin Mills works for the British Border Guard. These days the trade unionist often can't believe his eyes: more than 200 people sometimes land on the English coast in one day. So far this year there are more than 4,000, more than twice as many as in the whole of last year, who have made their way across the English Channel from France. The unexpected rush is due to the good weather, calm seas and smugglers who ruthlessly exploit the fear of many migrants about the tightening of immigration regulations in Great Britain.
Fear of stricter immigration regulations
"The provisions of the EU's Dublin Agreement will still apply until January 1st. After that, Great Britain can proceed differently, but we won't wait that long and already close this route, which has been exploited by criminals, completely."
The French state secretary responsible for immigration, Chris Philip, agrees on this. Together with France, not only the ports but also the coasts are controlled. Britain pays for three dozen French security guards. A separate, binational twelve-person task force has now also been set up.
Still, doubts remain as to whether the flow of immigration can be slowed down. However, those who make it across the English Channel are only a tiny fraction of the migrants. On balance, around 280,000 people came to the island. In addition, 49,000 people sought asylum, only about a third as many as in Germany, for example. In general, however, the British government under Boris Johnson has committed itself to reducing immigration noticeably - at least that was a promise made by the Brexit supporters! This should now be achieved through a points system. Interior Minister Priti Patel:
Migrants for the "highly efficient and productive economy"
"The aim is to create a global immigration system controlled by the British government from a single source. We will reduce the numbers by letting less low-skilled people into the country and no longer being part of the free movement of people in the EU. We must no longer be limited to low levels Build qualified, cheap labor from the EU, on which we have become dependent through our EU membership. Our point system aims to have the most intelligent and best that we need for our highly efficient and productive economy. "
An applicant needs 70 points to be allowed to immigrate: 20 points are given if he can provide evidence of a job, 20 points for good professional qualifications, 10 points for knowledge of English. Those who are guaranteed to earn 25,600 pounds a year receive an additional 20 points and thus reach the minimum number of 70 points. For a doctorate there are also 10 or 20 points depending on the subject etc.
"I have little faith in the government's ability to create a solid points system - partly because it seemed to ignore that one already existed, and that the system put in place by the Labor government in 2008 was pretty much what it was planning to do which she's been talking about for five years. A major adjustment is of course to extend the existing system to EU citizens, "
criticizes Professor Thom Brooks, a specialist in migration policy at the University of Durham. Many categories in the point system still have to be defined. There is also the risk that by setting the annual income limit, some sectors, such as long-term care, will not find the workers they urgently need.
"There are a lot of people who come to us and work hard and work a lot of overtime because they send money home. These workers will be difficult to replace."
A jumble of immigration regulations
Says nursing home operator Michael Rose. The hotel and catering industry, which is depressed due to Corona, will also have problems finding staff in the event of a recovery. However, there should be a special regulation for the national health service NHS. Instead of a one-stop system, there is a risk of a jumble of immigration regulations because, according to Thom Brooks:
"The second paragraph of the bill states that the points can vary from country to country depending on whether trade agreements are concluded. So if Great Britain concludes a trade agreement with Germany, India, China, the USA or another country, the immigration policy will be different from that for the rest."
Thom Brooks doubts that there will be an effective immigration system on January 1st, and not just because the points system seems half-baked. Family reunification must also be clarified, and agreements must be concluded with the EU on the repatriation and deportation of illegal immigrants. In case of doubt, everything should result in tightening not only immigration but also asylum regulations.
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