Was Lord Rama greater than Laxmana


Rama (Sanskrit राम rāma) is one of the most important aspects of God in Indian mythology, in Hinduism. Learn a lot about the meaning of the word Rama, the meaning of Rama in Hindu mythology, the symbolism of Rama for a yoga aspirant. With some stories from the Ramayana, the epic about Rama, his wife Sita, his siblings Bharata and Lakshmana and the demon king Ravana.

Etymology - origin of the Sanskrit word Rama

Rama, the joyful radiant one

1.Rama (Sanskrit: राम rāma adj., m. u. n.) joyful, pleasant, loving, enjoyable, beautiful; the one who is full of joy; the one who gives joy and love; dark colored, black; delighting, delightful, lovely, charming; a deer species; Horse; Lover; Lust, joy; an epithet Varunas; Dark; the leaf of the cinnamon cassia (Tvakpattra); White goosefoot (vastuka); the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu; There are three Ramas: Parashurama, Ramachandra, and Balarama; m. Name of the hero of Rāmāyaṇa, the seventh incarnation of Viṣṇu.

2.Rama (Sanskrit: रामा rāmā f.) a beautiful woman; Nickname of Sita; a beautiful, beloved woman; Ashoka tree; a white-flowered variety of the yellowberry nightshade (kantakari); Asant, Asafoetida (Hingu); Real aloe (ghrita coumarica).

3. Rama (Sanskrit रमा ramā f.), Happiness, radiance, joy, abundance; who is full of love, the beloved who is full of joy; the friendly one; Nickname of Lakshmi; Mrs.

The god Rama

Sukadev about Rama

Rama is a god in Hinduism. He is considered the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu. He incarnated in the world to restore righteousness and justice to the world. Rama is often shown on pictures or murti (statues) with his wife Sita and his servant and admirer the monkey god Hanuman. In his hands he carries a bow and arrow, which symbolize that he is ready to kill the demons (human bad qualities) who want to keep evil in the world.

He exemplifies how to lead an ideal life in the world. In all aspects he is considered the perfect person: as God, King, husband, son, father and friend. In the great epic "Ramayana" by Valmiki, the story of Rama's incarnation as the son of King Dasharathas and his wife Kausalyas in the world is described. Due to an intrigue by his stepmother Kaikeyi, Rama was exiled for 13 years. For 12 years he was to live in the forest, the 13th year undetected in the city. During this time, his subjects decided not to light any lights in the city. Lakshmana, Rama's brother, and his wife Sita, accompanied Rama into exile. Due to a trick Sita was kidnapped by the demon prince Ravana to Lanka. Hanuman and Rama found them and set them free. After the 13th year of exile was over, Rama's return was celebrated with bonfires.

Rama Avatar

Ravana, the terrible king of the demons, had built up a great deal of power through many spiritual practices and had now become almost invincible. When the gods no longer knew how to stand against Ravana, they asked Vishnu to do something against Ravana.

Vishnu then incarnated as the four sons of Dasaratha. As a full incarnation in his eldest son Rama and as a partial incarnation in Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrugna, Rama's half-brothers.

When later Rama should have been crowned king, Dasaratha exiled Rama for fourteen years. Dasaratha was forced to do this because of a promise he had made to Kaikey, the mother of Bharata. Lakshma and Sita, Rama's wife, accompanied Rama into exile. During this time Shurpanaka, a sister of the demon king Ravana wooed Rama. He told her that he was already taken, that he was married to Sita. Shurpanaka tried to kill Sita, but Lakshmana was on guard and he chopped off Shurpanaka's nose and ears.

She then stood wailing in front of her brother Ravana. And because he had done her so out of love for Sita, he wanted to punish Rama by taking Sita for himself. By a trick he lured Rama and Lakshmana away from Sita and kidnapped them to Lanka. In the following period, Rama and Lakshmana wandered around aimlessly to find Sita. They won the help of Sugriva, the king of the apes. Their minister, Hanuman, then brought the news that Sita was in Lanka.

So together with the monkeys they built a bridge to Lanka, where the great battle with the demons broke out. Vishnu fulfilled his destiny in the form of Rama and destroyed Ravana.

Excerpt from the Ramayana

Excerpt from the translation of the Ramayana by Swami Sivananda, Divine Life Society, 1996.

Rama's birth

Ravana became a tyrant and oppressed the people in a reign of terror. The earth took the form of a cow and went to Brahma with the devas and the rishis. Brahma went with them to Hari (Vishnu) and said, “Oh Lord! Incarnate as a human and kill Ravana, the enemy of the Devas. He has become cruel and haughty. "Hari said:" Have no fear, you Devas! I will be born as Dasharatha's son. The Devas will incarnate as monkeys, my YogaMaya will become Sita. Shesha will incarnate as Lakshmana, my conch becomes Bharata, my disc will take the form of Shatrughna. Ravana will be killed in a flash. "

King Dasaratha had no son and was very grieved about it. He stepped before Sri Vasishta and opened his heart to him. Vasishta consoled Dasaratha and advised him to do Putreshti. Dasaratha took his advice. He got Payasa from Agni and gave it to his three wives: Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. Then Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna were born as his sons. They were well versed in the Vedas. They were master archers, they were skilled riders, they were masters of the arts of war.

Rama is often depicted with a bow and arrow, his weapons with which he protects the good and fights the demons.

Rama's wedding

The Rishi Visvamitra came to Ayodhya. He went to Dasaratha in his throne room and said to him, "Give me Rama, O king! So that he may protect my victims. The [[[Rakshasa | Rakshasas]] Maricha and Subahu throw bones and blood into the sacrificial fire and cause all sorts of mischief The brave Rama alone can kill them. "King Dasaratha was afraid. He asked Guru Vasishta for advice:" What should I do now? I cannot bear to be separated from Rama. "

Vasishta said to Dasaratha: “O King, do not grieve in your heart. Rama is not a human being, he is Hari himself, born to alleviate the agony of the earth. He was born to kill Ravana. You practiced tapas to have him as a son. Vishvamitra has now come to you to unite Rama with Sita. Let him go with the rishi and you will receive his blessing. ”Dasaratha did as his guru told him.

Rama followed Vishvamitra, and Lakshmana also went with them. He had a bow and arrow in his hand. Vishvamitra taught Rama the science of Bala and Atibala: control over thirst, hunger and sleep. Overcoming tiredness and tension. Together they crossed the Ganges and came to a dense forest where the terrible Tataka lived, who could change her shape at will.

Visvamitra said to the brave Rama: "Oh prince, kill this hideous Rakshasi. She eats Brahmins, Munis and cows, she does her terrible mischief here." Rama took up his mighty bow, stretched the tendon and pierced Tataka's chest with arrows. She was open Then Rama went to GautamasAshram, who looked devastated. There Ahalya sat petrified, visible to no one, she only nourished herself on air. Rama touched the stone with his foot and lo and behold, Ahalya awoke from her rigidity and took hers again She washed Rama's feet and praised him from the bottom of her heart. After that, Rama went to Vishvamitra's Ashram, killed Subahu, threw Maricha into the sea, and completed Vishvamitra's offering.

Then Vishvamitra led Rama and Lakshmana to Mithila, where the wise Janaka reigned. Janaka paid them the respect they deserved. Vishvamitra introduced him to Rama and Lakshmana. Vishvamitra said: "O King Janaka, show your bow to Sri Rama." King Janaka ordered his ministers to bring Shiva's bow. Five thousand strong men carried the heavy, gem-studded arch. Sri Rama tensed the string and the bow broke, to the king's astonishment. Flowers rained down on Rama from the sky, King Janaka embraced Rama, and Sita put a gold chain around Rama's neck.

After that, letters were sent to Dasaratha. Everyone rushed over from Ayodhya in the company of their guru Vasishta, and the day of Rama's wedding was set. Janaka put Sita's hand in Rama's hand. He gave as wife Urmila Lakshmana, Sutakirti Bharata and Mandavi Shatrughna. Janaka then told them about the birth of Sita as she appeared in a groove at a festival of sacrifice while the bottom of the sacrificial site was being cleaned. After that, Janaka praised Rama and gave rich gifts to the bridegroom. Dasaratha started the journey home to Ayodhya with his entourage.

The designated heir to the throne

King Dasharatha said to Vasishtha: "I have grown old, master. I will appoint Rama to the heir to the throne. I ask you for your blessing." Then he called his first minister, Sumantra, and told him to prepare everything. Sumantra did as the king was told and prepared everything nicely. Dasaratha asked Sumantra to accompany Rama to him, Sumatra carried out the king's command. Dasaratha asked Rama to take the throne. All citizens cheered at the news, flags fluttered at every house, every gate was adorned with garlands, all paths were swept and sprinkled with water.

Rama and Sita fasted, Rama controlled his senses. Both slept on a bed of kusa grass, their hearts filled with joy. Manthara, Kaikeyi's maid, stepped onto the terrace of the palace to find out the cause of the noise; she saw all the flags and garlands. She longed to find out the reason for the great festival. She asked a maid and smiled: "Tell me the reason for the great joy of the people." The girl replied to the lying Manthara: "Today the king Rama will set Ayodhya's glorious throne; therefore today all the people rejoice."

Rama's banishment

The hunchbacked and malevolent Manthara stepped up to the sleeping Kaikeyi, and said to her: "Wake up quickly, Queen! Great disaster is brewing over you. King Dasharatha will today put his eldest son Rama on the throne. You yourself will soon be in drown in a sea of ​​sorrow, you will become Kausalya's slave. Rama will soon drive out Bharata, he will not share the rule with anyone. You will no longer have a voice in the palace, Kausalya will disregard you. Kaikeyi said: "Manthara, kind and wise , devise a good plan to secure the throne for Bharata; I will follow your advice. "Manthara said to Kaikeyi:" Put on dirty clothes, throw yourself on the bare ground, wear an angry face. King Dasaratha loves you very much, he would give his life for you himself. Ask him for the two evidences of favor he promised you to fulfill after the Devasura War:

Banish Rama in the thick forest for nine years and five. Ask Dasaratha, the virtuous king, to put Bharata on the throne. If Rama is sent into the forest, your son can calmly consolidate his rule and assert himself afterwards. His position will be secured. "The glorious Dasaratha entered Kaikeyi's apartment and found her in a pitiful condition, lying on the floor. The great king was sad in his heart. He sought to comfort her. He said," Get up, Kaikeyi. I will fulfill your every wish. "

The sinister determined Kaikeyi said: "O King, remember your promise, you offered me two tokens of favor when I was nursing you after the war. Now fulfill these two wishes, send Rama into exile for fifteen years in the dark forest and put Bharata on the throne. " "O Kaikeyi, take the kingdom for your son Bharata, I cannot banish my beloved Rama, I cannot bear to be separated from him. Rama loves you like his own mother, he was always obedient to you. You yourself admired him; on what way has he offended you? The whole world praises him, all people love him, even his enemies show him respect. Why do you want to banish him? I could give up Kausalya or Sumitra or being king myself, or even my life, but Rama can I don't give up. "

Kaikeyi said to King Dasharatha: "O King, keep your promise to be virtuous, honest and noble, Dharma is rooted in truth. Truthfulness is the highest Dharma, do not deviate from truthfulness, I will not be satisfied until Rama is banished is. " Then Dasaratha said to Sumantra, "Bring Rama to me at once." Sumantra obeyed the king's orders and brought Rama to the king. Rama touched his father's feet and humbly asked Kaikeyi: "O mother, please tell me what is the cause of the king's grief?" Kaikeyi said to Rama: "You alone can turn his grief off of him. There is something you should do for him. With a happy heart he gave me two wishes, and now he is tied up by the word, you must save him, make him a true king, in a true word. "

Rama said with a sore heart: "Why do you speak to me like that? For my noble father's love I want to give up my life or drink poison, I want to forego Sita or Kausalya; whatever my father demands of me, I will happily fulfill, Ramas Word is never broken. "Kaikeyi said:" My son is to take the throne, you go swiftly into the wilderness, wrapped in rags, with matted hair and stay there for fourteen years. "

Departure into exile

Rama said to Kaikeyi: "May Bharata rule the kingdom. I will go to the Dandaka forest Wrapped in rags, with matted hair for the love of my dear Bharata, I want to renounce Sita, the kingdom, my life and my wealth. I am happy to do it for you him, for he is most dear to me. There is no higher duty than to serve my father and to obey his words, Father is my great Lord. I will now bid my mother farewell and comfort my beloved Sita, and today I will begin the journey to the great Dandaka forest. In this way, dear mother, Bharata's rule will be assured. He too will serve my father with devotion, for this is the eternal duty. "

Dasaratha said to Rama: "O Rama, I am defeated by a woman! You are more dear to me than life itself, how can you go into the wilderness?" Dasaratha hugged Rama and wept loudly in his agony. Rama comforted his father and said to him: "Let Bharata rule the kingdom. I will keep my promise and soon I will be back again. For me, life in the forest is a thousand times happier than ruling a kingdom. Let your promise come true. The works of God are to be done. That will be acceptable to Kaikeyi. It is meritorious to live in the forest. "

Rama went to his mother and said to her: "Father has banished me, Bharata will be crowned. I am to live in Dandakaranya for fourteen years, and eat fruit and roots. When she heard this, Kausalya passed out and fell to the ground. When she came to, she said to Raghava: "If you had never been born, I would have been spared such agony; the sterile woman only hurts her childlessness, but I am tormented a thousand times more. How could I live, O Rama, without seeing your face! Stay here and serve me, fulfill the highest Dharma. "

Lakshmana said to Kausalya, "Rama should not be bound by the words of an evil woman. He should not go into the forest. Nobody in this world speaks ill of Rama, not even behind his back. Rama is like angels. He is righteous and virtuous, sincere and self-possessed. Even his enemies value him. The old king has become perverted. He has become a slave to passion. He has become a slave to Kaikeyis. He is no longer a righteous person. Rama is my great lord, to him I am most highly surrendered. Should Rama go into the forest or into the fire, I will lead him. "

Kausalya said to Rama, "Kasyapa attained heaven by serving his mother at home and practicing tapas and self-denial. You will have to serve your mother. I forbid you to go into the forest, because without you I cannot live . " Rama said to his mother, "I cannot disobey my father's command. No one has ever been wronged who obeyed his father's command. Allow me to go into the wilderness, mother." Rama said to Lakshmana: "Dharma is the highest in the world, Dharma is rooted in truth; Father's command was based on a duty, and I too must do my duty. Pleasure and pain, gain and loss are the work of fate. My exile is fateful, O Lakshmana. "

Lakshmana said to Rama: "O Rama, dearest brother, why do you glorify fate as if it were infallible. Fate is powerless, take note of my word, O Raghava." Kausalya said to Rama: "I can no longer live with my co-wives. Take me to the forest if you are determined to go there. Rama said to Kausalya:" For a woman her husband is truly Lord and God . A woman is unworthy who does not look after her husband, no matter how much she fasts and prays. Great is the merit of a woman who serves her husband even when she does not worship the heavenly.

She must serve her husband with heart, mind and soul. That is her Dharma, it is written in the Vedas. ”Kausalya could not dissuade Rama from his intention. She gave him permission to go into the wild. She blessed Rama: "May Dharma protect you! May Skanda and Brihaspati, the seven Rishis and Narada be with you on all your ways!" She said to Rama: "Now go your way, come back as soon as you have done your duty. My prayers will protect you."

Then Rama went to his room, he said to Janaki: "My father banished me at Kaikeyi's request. I will live in the Dandaka Forest for fourteen years. Bharata will rule the kingdom. Be zealous in fasting and praying. Serve my father and my mothers. That is your noble duty. I will accomplish my mission and be back soon, Janaki.

Sita said to Rama: "The woman always shares the fate of her husband. I will certainly follow you. You are my safe refuge. I will go ahead of you, pave the way and crush the thorns. I will serve you in every way. Without you I don't want to live, you are my breath of life, you are my secure support, you are the soul of my soul. "

Rama said to Sita: "The forest is full of dangers, it is full of hardship; you will have to live from roots." Sita said to Rama: "O Lord, my husband is my God, if I stay with you I will be free of guilt, I will share joy and sorrow with you, even in the beyond life, I will be happy with you. I never even thought of anyone but you. I am forever given to you. I believe in you, to be without you is hell. To be with you is heaven to me. "

Rama was deeply touched by Janaki's words. He asked her to follow him. Lakshmana said to Rama: "I will follow you into the forest with a bow and arrow in my hand. Without you I want neither heaven, nor immortality, nor dominion over all worlds; you are my secure support." Rama said to Lakshmana: "If you also follow me into the forest, who will be a support to Kausalya and the virtuous Sumitra?" O Lakshmana, my beloved brother! Take care of Kausalya. If you do so, you will always be happy. "

Lakshmana said, “O Ragava, of immortal glory! I will go ahead of you. I'll scout the way. I will gather fruits and roots. "Rama said to Lakshmana," Yes, you can follow me. Say goodbye to your friends and get ready for the journey. "Then Rama, Sita and Lakshmana went to the King Dasharatha to bid him farewell. They all adored him. Rama said to his father:" Please give me your kind Permission; you are our Lord, give us your blessings. King Dasaratha said to Rama: "Go with my blessing son, be without fear, happiness and peace with you! Return after fourteen years."

Lakshmana said goodbye to his mother. She said to him, "Ramam dasaratham viddhi, Mam viddhi janakatmajam, Ayodhyamatavyam viddhi, Gaccha tata yathasukham." - "See in Rama Dasharatha himself, see me in Janaki's daughter, see Ayodhya in the forest, always be happy, my darling." Kaikeyi gave Rama, Lakshmana and Sita swaddling towels suitable to be worn in the forest. Rama took off his clothes and put on the handkerchiefs. Lakshmana did the same. Not Sita, however, because she didn't know how to put these towels on.

Rama put it around her shoulder, but Vasishta took it down again and said to Kaikeyi: "O you disgusting woman! Rama alone you asked to go into the forest. Why do you, monster, give these rags to Sita? Sita follows Rama out of marital fidelity. Let them go, clad in heavenly clothes, piled with jewelry. " King Dasaratha said to Sumantra: "Bring a chariot." Rama, Sita and Lakshmana got into the car.

Rama leaves Ayodhya

Soon Sri Rama reached the beautiful bank of the Tamas River and was happy about it. Then he reached the affluent Sringaverapura, on the banks of the Ganges. There he met Guha, the king of the Nishadas. Rama hugged Guha and asked how he was feeling. Guha gave Rama water and fruit and worshiped him. Rama coated his hair with fig milk and tied it in a bun. He shone in great glory. Then he drank some water and lay down on the bare floor with Janaki. Lakshmana kept watch.

The charioteer is sent back

Rama said to Sumantra: "Return to the city with the car. Kaikeyi will have the certainty that I have gone into the forest. Bring my respect to father, tell mother Kausalya that I remain true to the path of virtue. May her. May her." worship the fire. May she serve my father. May she be righteous to my other mothers. She should honor Bharata, in spite of his youth. Tell Bharata to rule in the name of our father. It is not befitting of him, his old father Dethrone. He should be fair to all mothers. Oh, noble Sumantra! Take care of my mother as if she were your own. Live a virtuous life. " Sumantra obeyed Sri Rama's orders to the word. Rama got on a boat and crossed the Ganges.

Sri Rama's teachings to Hanuman

Excerpt from the book "Jnana Yoga" by Swami Sivananda (Ed .: Divine Life Society, 2007), pp. 155-162

Sri Hanuman praised Sri Rama and said, "Venerable. You are Satchidananda Parabrahman. Greetings. In order to gain liberation I want to see your true nature. Oh Lord, how can I be easily released from the fetters of worldly existence, how do I attain it." ultimate liberation? "

Sri Rama replied, "Great hero, I am well-read in Vedanta. Take refuge in Vedanta as well."

Hanuman said, "O Raghuvir, who is Vedanta? Where is his kingdom?"

Sri Rama replied, "I will explain the Vedanta to you. Through my (Vishnu) exhalation the Vedas came into being. The Vedanta resides in the Vedas like the oil in sesame seeds. Only through the Mandukya Upanishad can every aspirant attain ultimate liberation If knowledge is not attained thereby, then study further Upanishads. Soon you will succeed and you will enter My Kingdom. The study of the ten Upanishads becomes the three bhavanas, samsaya bhavana (doubt), asam bhavana (useless thoughts) and viparita bhavana ( false thoughts) and destroy the three Vasanas, Deha Vasana (of the body), Loka Vasana (of the world) and Sastra Vasana (of the books).

The knowledge of the Vedanta must not be taught to the following people: atheists, ungrateful, vicious. To those who show no devotion to Me and the Guru. Those who have not taken the vow of celibacy and do not serve the Guru. Those who wish to attain liberation should develop the four means (Viveka, Vairagya, Shatsampat and Mumukshutva) and approach the Guru with trust and gifts in their hands. Under his guidance they study the Upanishads and then practice contemplation and meditation. You will achieve self-actualization. Those who dwell in Brahma Loka study the Vedanta under Brahma and attain liberation, Kaivalya Mukti. The guru must be well-read in the Vedas, be dedicated to the welfare of all beings, and be an ocean of mercy. "

Hanuman asked, "Oh Raghuvir, please tell me who is Jivanmukti? What is his authority? What is the degree of perfection? How is it to be attained?"

Sri Rama replied, "Oh tiger among the monkeys, the spirit of man acts and enjoys, creates attachment, and creates suffering and worry. The control of the mind is Jivanmukti. Videhamukti is liberation from the physical shell. It occurs when one is free from it Body has become through the extinction of Prarabdha Karma, just as the ether has become when the pot is broken.

The authority on Jivanmukti and Videhamukti are the 108 Upanishads. The degree of perfection is the attainment of eternal bliss through the annihilation of ignorance. This is achieved through Purushartha (right effort). Jivanmukti is attained through samadhi achieved through study of the Vedanta, contemplation and meditation. It is obtained through effort, through the annihilation of all vasanas. The efforts are of two kinds, those that are in accordance with the sastras and those that are not in accordance with the sastras. The former help to gain the truth, the latter prevent it.

Vasanas are of two kinds, namely, pure (Subha) and impure (Asubha). Guided by the pure Vasanas, you will gradually attain my kingdom. The unclean vasanas are the cause of rebirth, while the pure vasanas destroy it. The pure vasanas lead to ultimate liberation. The impure Vasanas are composed of Ajnana associated with Ahamkara. The bond of the Vasanas is the true bond. Overcoming the vasanas is moksha. Give up all vasanas completely. Even give up the desire for liberation. Give up the vasanas on objects. Develop the pure Vasanas in connection with Maitri, Karuna, Mudita and Upeksha. Also give up these pure Vasanas and rest in the Atman. Be constant in Me, in Nirvikalpa Samadhi. "

The desire for satsang with mahatmas, japa, meditation, worship and the study of spiritual books are pure vasanas. The desire to hurt and belittle others, as well as sex, are impure vasanas. When the old unclean vasanas overwhelm you, efforts must be made to bring them under control. The impure flow of the vasanas towards the objects must be transformed into a pure flow. The impure vasanas must be changed into pure vasanas. The impure vasanas must be ruled by the pure vasanas. The unclean vasanas must be redirected to the pure vasanas.

That mischievous child, the ghost, needs effort to be petted. O annihilator of enemies and wicked, you will only know the immaculate Brahman when you have overcome both kinds of vasanas through constant effort. Practice only the pure vasanas. There is nothing wrong with strengthening the pure vasanas. The annihilation of the Vasanas (VasanaKshaya), the overcoming of the mind (Manonasa) and TattvaJnana (Vijnana) must be practiced together over a long period of time. Only then will you enjoy the bliss of the Eternal. Only then will your practice bear fruit.

Unless this is practiced over and over, the Supreme Brahman cannot be attained, even in a hundred years. Even if one of the three is practiced for a long time, it will not bear fruit. The knots of the heart that are avidya (ignorance), kama (desire) and karma (action) can only be severed by practicing all three of the above. The vasanas, which have accumulated over many hundreds of years through the enjoyment of sense objects, can only be destroyed over a long period of time through the practice of yoga. Destroy the desire for sensual pleasure through dispassion and discernment and practice the three mentioned. A mind connected to the Vasanas tends to be bonded, while a mind free from Vasanas leads to freedom. Vasanas are destroyed by meditating on Brahman and practicing Sama (control of the mind) and Dama (self-control). When the vasanas dissolve, the mind becomes calm.

Whose spirit rests in Me by destroying all Vasanas is none other than Myself. He is a liberated sage, a jivanmukta, whether he practices samadhi or not. He is not bound by the fruits of his deeds. Brahman can only be attained through the complete annihilation of all vasanas. The eyes and other sense organs run towards their objects by the power of habit, although the vasanas have disintegrated. Just as the eye sees the objects that fall into its field of vision, but remains desireless, so the wise man enters the world, likewise desireless.

Vasanas manifest through being aware of an object. It is the nature of the object itself. It is the cause of chitta (inner consciousness). When it is annihilated, chitta is absorbed. This wandering, constantly changing chitta is the cause of birth and death as it has identified with objects since ancient times. The vibration of prana appears through the vasanas and the vasanas are created through the vibration of prana. They form the seeds of chitta. We know two seeds for the tree chitta, the vibration of prana and the vibration of vasanas. When either is destroyed, both will perish.

Act without attachment, realize that the world is not real, contemplate on the impermanence of the body and objects, and the vasanas will not appear. Chitta disappears when the vasanas are completely destroyed. When the mind does not think of objects, one becomes mindless and that gives peace. Until you have discernment, you have not attained knowledge of Brahman. For that long, strictly follow your teacher's instructions and the scriptures. When you know the truth and your sins are burned, then give up the pure vasanas as well.

Oh great Kapi, the annihilation of the spirit is of two kinds, namely with form (SvarupaManonasa) and without form (ArupaManonasa). Svarupa Manonasa rules in Jivanmukta. Rajas and Tamas are destroyed. There is only sattva. In Videhamukta, Arupa Manonasa rules. Rajas and Tamas and even Sattva are destroyed.

Develop Maitri (benevolence) towards everyone, Karuna (compassion) towards enemies, Mudita (respect) towards the ancients, and Upeksha (equanimity) towards the wicked. Then the mind becomes calm. Only then will you become free from rebirth. The mind is the cause of the tree of samsara with its thousands of roots, branches, leaves and fruits. The mind is nothing more than sankalpa. Dry out the roots by destroying sankalpa. Then the samsara tree will soon wither. Destroy the Sankalpa as soon as it shows up. In wise the spirit is annihilated. In the ignorant, the mind is a fetter. As long as the mind is not annihilated through meditation on Brahman, the Vasanas cause chaos in man. Destroy egoism. Control the senses. The vasanas will gradually decay. First of all, through diligent effort, conquer the mind.

You must control the mind by effective and recognized means. An elephant can only be controlled with the sting stick. You cannot tie it with string. So the mind can only be controlled with effective means, these are the knowledge of Brahman, being with sages (Satsang), complete annihilation of the Vasanas and the control of the Pranas. Do not force control of the mind. Whoever tries to control the mind by force ties an elephant with a fine silk thread. Practice Laya Chintana. Dissolve the elements in Avyaktam. Meditate on what remains, Chinmatra alone, which is also Chidananda.

The interval that the yogis experience after the inhalation and before the next exhalation is the inner kumbhaka (holding of the breath). The interval after the exhalation and before the next inhalation is the external kumbhaka. When all modifications of the mind are destroyed, the mind becomes mindless. The yogis enjoy the supreme bliss of Asamprajnata Samadhi. The state of consciousness that is pure chit is called AtadvyavrittiSamadhi, it is a samadhi that does not require the support of another. He is the essence of Shiva. He is Brahman alone, above, below and in the middle.

Attachment to objects through intense wanting to have without the presence of discrimination is called vasana. Man becomes what he thinks about all the time. A person who is the slave of his vasanas accepts their work. Anyone who thinks this world is real has fallen into deception. The universe is Vasanamaya. The mind is also Vasanamaya. The stronger the vasanas, the more real the universe is. This world is too much for him. He cannot leave this world. This world is all in all for him. One becomes indifferent to the impure vasanas of the body. The body is impure, the atman that dwells in it is pure. Once the differences between the two are recognized, there is no need for purification rites.

Oh Maruti, seek the radiance in you. Whoever has given up the visible and the invisible is not only a connoisseur of Brahman, he is Brahman himself. Whoever has studied the four Vedas does not recognize Brahman through intuition, he is like a ladle who does not know the taste of the tasty soup.

Always worship My Reality. It takes away pain, suffering and worry from you. It is without sound, touch, shape, decay, taste, smell, without name and Gotra. I alone am Brahman. I am the Supreme Self. I shine from Myself. I am without a birth, without a second, eternal, without attachment. I penetrate everything. I am everything.I am the universe. I am liberation.

Meditate on Me as follows: I am pure and unchangeable. I have no objects in me. I am the eternally perfect Brahman. I am without birth, without death, without age, immortal, radiant from myself, all-pervading, eternal, indivisible, indestructible, without cause, pure, beyond activity and eternal peace. When the body becomes the victim of time, it gives up the state of jivanmukti as the wind stops blowing. He enters Brahman. ‘

God Rama

God Rama is the seventh incarnation of Vishnu. Vishnu is the sustainer of the world. His most famous incarnations are those as Rama, Krishna and Buddha. Rama is a role model for us. Balmiki, the poet, portrayed Rama as a Purushuttam. This word is made up of two words: "Purush" means "man" and "Uttam" means "best". Rama has played various roles in his life.

When Rama was a child he was a good student. He was the favorite student of his teacher Vashishta. When Rama finished his studies, he married Sita. He was happy with his life. But when King Dashratha wanted to appoint Rama king, Dashratha Kaikeyi, who promised one of the two wives of Dashratha, that their son Bharata would sit on the throne and that Rama would have to go into exile for fourteen years.

The next day, Rama went into exile with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana. During this time, Rama killed many demons. The demon Ravana has kidnapped his wife, Sita, to Lanka. Of course, Rama and his brother Lakshmana were appalled and outraged and, together with Hanuman, developed a plan to save Sita. In this fight, Hanuman managed to kill the demon Ravana and bring Sita back. But Sita had to prove her purity through the fire.

On the day Rama returned to Ayodhya, the festival of Diwali was celebrated. Rama was a good brother too. He loved his brothers very much and was ready to make sacrifices for them. He was also a good king, and a very gifted politician - in short, an ideal person who always adhered to his principles in life.

Swami Sivananda: Meditation on Rama

"One should meditate on Ramachandra, whose arms reach to the knees, who carries arrows and bows, who remains in the position of the lotus position, who wears a yellow robe, whose eyes vie with the petals of a fresh lotus, the serene, whose eyes meet with the lotus of the face of Sita, huddled on his right side, the cloud-like, radiant with manifold jewelry, who has tied up a broad wreath of braids of hair. "

The spiritual name Rama

The name is given to the aspirants whose mantra is Om Shri Ramaya Namaha. Rama is the name of the one who is happy. Rama means pleasant, lovely, delightful and charming. Rama means happiness, radiance and joy. So Rama is the name of the hero of Ramayana, incarnation of Vishnu. If you have the name Rama, that means you belong to Rama. You want to work for the benefit of all beings and support them on their way. Let yourself be infected by the joy of Rama for your true nature is divine.

Different spellings for Rama

Sanskrit words are written in Devanagari in India. In order for Europeans to be able to read this, Devanagari is transcribed into Roman script. There are various conventions on how Devanagari can be transcribed into Roman script. Rama in Devanagari is written "राम", in IAST scientific transcription with diacritical marks "rāma", in Harvard-Kyoto transcription "rAma", in Velthuis transcription "raama" , in modern Internet Itrans transcription "rAma".

Similar Sanskrit words like Rama

Here are some links to Sanskrit words that either have a similar meaning in Sanskrit or in German as Rama or in German or Sanskrit in the alphabet before or after Rama:

See also


  • Swami Sivananda, The Power of Thought (2012)
  • Swami Sivananda, Gods and Goddesses in Hinduism (2008)
  • Swami Sivananda, Jnana Yoga, Ed .: Divine Life Society, 2007
  • Swami Sivananda, Inspirational Stories (2005)
  • Swami Sivananda, Japa Yoga (2003)
  • Swami Sivananda, Divine Knowledge (2001)
  • Swami Sivananda, autobiography by Swami Sivananda (1999)
  • Swami Sivananda, Shrimad Bhagavad Gita. Explanatory text and commentary by Swami Sivananda (1998)
  • Swami Sivananda, Thoughts on Contemplation (1996)
  • Swami Sivananda: Beauties of Ramayana Divine Life Society, 1996
  • Swami Sivananda, Hatha Yoga. The Safe Path to Good Health, Long Life, and Awakening of the Higher Forces (1964)
  • Swami Sivananda, Sadhana - A textbook on techniques for spiritual perfection
  • Swami Sivananda: Festivals and Lent Days in Hinduism, Yoga Vidya Verlag
  • The yoga wisdom of Patanjali for people of today
  • Ramayana
  • Carl Capeller: Sanskrit dictionary, edited from the Petersburg dictionaries, Strasbourg: Trübner, 1887
  • Dowson, John: A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion - Geography, History and Religion; D.K. Printworld Ltd., New Delhi, India, 2005

Web links


Jnana Yoga and Philosophy

May 28, 2021 - May 30, 2021 - Asanas in the spirit of Sanskrit
During these hours you hold the asanas a little longer than (possibly) used and enjoy Sanskrit affirmations that I get from the yoga sutras by Patanjali and Vedantic texts by Adi Shankara ...
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May 26th, 2021 - May 26th, 2021 - Bhakti and Meditation - Online Workshop
Time: 5:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. With yoga class, lecture and meditation. Bhakti Yoga is the path of love and devotion to the divine. You will receive an introduction to Bhakti Yoga with a short lecture, take ...
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With Slow Down Yoga you walk a path of conscious deceleration and relaxation. With the help of selected breathing and physical exercises as well as meditations you calm your body, your mind ...

Indian masters

06/18/2021 - 06/18/2021 - Introduction to yoga philosophy: getting to know the Hatha Yoga Pradipika Svatmaramas -Online workshop
Time: 4:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. Would you like to deal more with the yoga philosophy, delve deeper into the wisdom of the ancient scriptures? The Hatha Yoga Pradipika of Svatmarama is the g ...
06/18/2021 - 06/20/2021 - Value of Values
"Value of Values" by Swami Dayananda - Universal values ​​of a wise person. In chapter 13 of the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna Arjuna reveals 20 very profound personal qualities ...


Stories from the Ramayana

Jnana Yoga and Vedanta - Introduction

Vedanta Stories & Jnana Yoga

Vedanta Deep Relaxation: Who Am I?

Summary German Sanskrit - Sanskrit German

Rama, (Sanskrit रम rama), delighting. Rama is a Sanskrit word and means joyful.

Sanskrit Rama - German delighting
German delighting Sanskrit Rama
Sanskrit - German Rama - delighting
German - Sanskrit delighting - Rama