How is CBD oil made from marijuana

The manufacture of CBD oil

CBD Oil - Many people have long recognized the benefits that CBD oil can offer. However, there are still many doubters who want to ban CBD oil to the illegal corner along with cannabis and marijuana. CBD oil is a lot, but certainly not a drug. The THC content is a maximum of 0.2%, so that the sale in Germany is absolutely legal. But how exactly is CBD oil made? You can find the answer here:

CBD oil - the way to the finished oil

Before the production of the CBD oil can even be thought of, the hemp must first be grown. There are a few things to consider. After the harvest and drying of the plant parts, the actual extraction process takes place, for which several methods are available. These are the first steps in making CBD oil:

Growing the cannabis plant

The production of CBD oil begins with the cultivation of the cannabis plant. Generally in Germany the cultivation of cannabis is illegal. For the production of CBD oil, however, a certain one is required Industrial hemp cultivated in the EU officially approved is. In the relevant EU variety catalog for agricultural plant species with hemp varieties, all varieties are listed that are legally allowed to be grown. However, this does not mean that everyone can plant these varieties in the garden, there is one for that Special license necessary. The number of varieties listed in this catalog always varies somewhat. There are currently around 65 varieties Hemp plants that can be grown for the production of CBD oil. The THC content in these plants does not exceed the 0.2 percent limit set for it.

Drying the flowers

For the production of CBD oil, the Flowers of the female hemp plant used. The highest proportion of cannabinoids is found in the buds or the pollen on the flowers. After the harvest, the parts of the plant must first be dried. They are dried in a cool, dry room with little light and good ventilation for between 5 and 7 days. Accelerating this step with an oven or other heat source is not recommended, as the heat can destroy the hemp ingredients. If the plant parts are 100% dry, the CBD must be extracted from them.

Making CBD OIL Extraction Methods

In order for CBD products such as CBD oil to be made from the cannabis plant at all, it is necessary that CBD from it to extract. There are different extraction methods that can be used for this. CBD resides in the hemp plant as a Carboxylic acid (CBDA). The inactive ingredient carboxylic acid is replaced by the so-called Decarboxylation converted to CBD. To achieve this, a carbon dioxide molecule is split off. The extraction is carried out by heating, solvent, supercritical carbon dioxide, alcohol or oil. Filtration with water is also possible.

Extraction by heating

The temperature is critical to the success of this process. The higher the temperature, the faster it is completed. At a temperature of 210 ° C, almost 100% of the substance can be used in just a few seconds being transformed. Actually, such a fast procedure should offer great advantages, but it can also have negative effects, namely on the terpenes it contains. These terpenes play an important role in pharmacological action. To prevent these negative effects, the so-called two-stage heating used. This method is not as fast as simple heating, but it is gentler.

Solvent extraction

With the help of liquid solvents CBD can also be extracted from the hemp plant. Different solvents can be used for this, such as, for example Hexane, butane, alcohol, isopropanol, or ethanol. All of these solvents have one thing in common, they are very flammable. That means their use not harmless is. If this process is used industrially, the extraction takes place in closed control loops. CBD oil manufacturers usually prefer ethanol for extraction. In the process, however, the waxes of the plant are destroyed. It is believed that these also have health-promoting properties. The solvent not only loosens the cannabinoids from the plant, but also that Chlorophyll. However, this makes the taste much more bitter. Filtering out the chlorophyll is possible, but it also reduces the effectiveness of the CBD oil.

Extraction with supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2 extraction)

In this process, carbon dioxide is used to dissolve the components from the hemp plant. There are three categories in this procedure:

  • Supercritical CO2 extraction
  • Subcritical CO2 extraction
  • Medium critical CO2 extraction

 

During CO2 extraction, the carbon dioxide behaves similarly to a solvent, but without the health hazards and risks. For the production of CBD oil is the CO2 extraction the most modern process. However, it is also very expensive and complicated. The category that is used in the manufacture of CBD oil best results delivers is the supercritical CO2 extraction. In this variant, the properties of the carbon dioxide are between liquid and gas. Its density resembles a liquid and its consistency resembles a gas. In this aggregate state, the carbon dioxide is then above the critical point, from which the name of this process is derived. In order to achieve this state of aggregation, it is necessary to produce certain pressure and temperature conditions. The temperature must be above 30.980 ° C and the pressure above 73.75 bar.

Supercritical CO2 extraction promises that greatest yield. It also enables the extraction of larger molecules from the plant, such as chlorophyll, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, carotenoids and vegetable waxes. If the correct settings for temperature and pressure are chosen, this procedure even works Isolation from individual cannabinoids possible, for example CBD.

The supercritical CO2 extraction is in three steps carried out. In the first step, the plants are heated, the temperature is between 100 and 150 ° C. The plant parts are crushed and decarboxylated. That is the step in the process where the Carboxylic acid in the plant converted to CBD becomes. In the second step, cooled, liquid carbon dioxide is compressed. This carbon dioxide is then fed into a special extractor that already contains the plant material. In the final step, the ingredients that have already been extracted are fed into a so-called separator, which uses pressure and temperature to separate the remaining substances. This extraction process is really very extensive, but it is worth it. It's a very gentle process, that even in spite of the effort inexpensive is. Supercritical CO2 extraction has the great advantage that it is an absolute pure end product manufactures. For making special high quality CBD oil this extraction method is usually always used. It is safe, gentle, effective, high-yield and also non-toxic, as the end product is CBD oil free of solvent residues is.

Extraction with oil

The extraction with vegetable oil is a very cheap and simple methodto extract cannabinoids. However, it is yield of cannabinoids not very large, and the oil obtained is also perishable quickly. This method is for the Domestic use easy to use, but not at all suitable for professional use. With this method, the flowers are in intended for consumption Vegetable oil solved. To do this, the plant material is covered with the plant oil and then gently heated. Cannabinoids are fat-soluble, so it is possible that all of the components in this oil can be dissolved. Olive oil is often the oil of choice for this process, but coconut oil or hemp seed oil are also used for this method, which is only really effective for producing CBD oil at home.

Water filtration

When filtering water, a high water pressure worked. The plant parts are pressed through a special filter system by means of this high pressure of the water. The pressure separates the CBD from the plant. Before it can be processed further, it must first be dried particularly gently. While this procedure sounds very simple, it is exactly the opposite because the Implementation is really very time-consuming. This is the main reason why this process is rarely used to produce CBD oil.

CBD oil - pure oil or full spectrum oil

In order for the CBD extract to be better consumed, it usually becomes one more Oil added. Hemp seed oil is often used for this, but other oils such as grape seed oil, olive oil or coconut oil are also used for CBD oil. This is usually pure CBD oil that really only contains CBD. But there is still the full spectrum CBD oil.

In contrast to pure CBD oil, this contains Full spectrum CBD oil the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenesextracted during CO2 extraction. This achieves a broad and therefore optimized effect, because the so-called Entourage effect entry. This states that the composition of various cannabinoids and terpenes can achieve an optimized effect on the body. The cannabinoids contained have different properties that they develop, which creates one more diverse effects of the CBD oil. In a full spectrum, there are also CBD oil in addition to the CBD more than 80 other cannabinoids to find these support each other. Furthermore, there are also CBD oil in a full spectrum Vitamins, minerals, trace elements and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids contain. Thus, a full spectrum CBD oil offers a better mode of action than pure CBD oils.