Did George Washington like the British
Was there a time when George Washington discovered that some of his soldiers absolutely refused to swear loyalty and obedience to the Continental Congress?
Mark C. Wallace
I can't give a good answer, but I can think this is a merging of several events. I am not aware of anyone refusing to swear to the Continental Congress on this basis, but I am aware of units that refuse orders that violate their charter.
First, the oath clause, which in turn affects the rights of the state, as discussed in the federalist era.
Second, the ongoing challenge Washington faced in retaining recruits, most of whom were enlisted in the state militia and had no obligation or desire to serve in "national" conflicts. (I regret that I cannot find a more concise summary)
The first American armies were made up of men from the original colonial militias. These citizen soldiers performed valiantly in many battles, but their commitment to the overall war effort was often determined by the level of British aggression in their home colony and the duties of farm and family life. Regular military commanders, including George Washington, could not rely solely on the militia to lead the War of Independence. History.Org
You are right and astute enough to bind the question after Washington is confirmed as Commander in Chief (again I regret the lengthy quote).
Washington was never in love with the militia when it once wrote that "a dependency on the militia is certainly based on a broken staff". Towards the end of the summer of 1775, he noticed the peasants serving in the militia were leaving the battlefield as harvest time approached. Militia units disbanded as hostilities receded from their hometowns. Discipline was next to nonexistent in many units, as most of them chose their officers and the command was affected. Of the New England militia, Washington wrote: "Your officers are generally the most indifferent kind of people I have ever seen." Militia privates ignored orders from regular army officers that disrupted Washington. History.Org
I think the third element of this mix is the militia's refusal to leave the home.
The passion of the early days in the newly organized militia subsided in the long period of an eight-year war. Now the right to choose their own officers has been used to demand that the men not serve outside of their state. Wikipedia: Militia
Mark C. Wallace ♦
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