When was papyrus replaced by parchment?




Editorial
introduction

Before the invention of paper
Early writers
Forerunners of paper

The invention of paper
Paper in the Far East
From Asia to the west
The paper mill
The step to industry
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Forerunners of paper

The search for a material on which written information could be conveyed and preserved has resulted in many different solutions. In many ancient cultures stone, metal, wood, wax or clay tablets served as information carriers. These materials were gradually being replaced by those that were more flexible, cheaper to manufacture, and easier to transport.

The most famous direct forerunners of paper are papyrus and parchment. Also as a forerunner of paper, in terms of their intended use, Tapa, Amatl (Amate) and Huun be considered.

Parchment is a specially prepared animal skin. A writing medium with an even and closed surface. Papyrus, Tapa, Amatl and Huun (pseudo papers) - all of vegetable origin - differ from paper primarily in the technique of production: vegetable fibers are knocked together and formed into a sheet. With paper, opened fibers, diluted with water and scooped up with a form, form the sheet.

papyrus
parchment
Tapa
Huun
Amate (Amatl)