Are you a front end developer

How do you become a frontend developer?

The Hays-Fachkraft-Index Österreich shows a steady increase in the demand for IT specialists and especially for web developers over the past four years. The domestic job exchanges confirm this trend. We are currently looking for more than 300 front-end developers throughout Austria and the demand is steadily increasing.

For this reason, we want to tell you in this article what a frontend developer does exactly, which skills you need for this job and how much salary you can expect at the end of the day.


What exactly is a frontend developer?

The front-end developer uses various programming languages ​​such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript with the aim of designing web-based software solutions. These include: websites, mobile websites, but also mobile apps and progressive web apps.

While the back-end developer focuses on the server-side programming of websites, the front-end developer takes on the implementation of layouts and the customer-side programming.


What are the main differences between a front-end, back-end, and full stack developer?

With the complexity of the web, the degree of specialization within web development also increases. This has a direct effect on the job profiles you are looking for. In general, a distinction is currently made between:

  • Frontend developer: The front end of a website is the visible part with which a user interacts directly. The task of the front-end developer is to convert the existing design into a functioning website. Some websites are built using only HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. However, other websites require more behind-the-scenes code and that is exactly what you need a backend developer to do.
  • Backend developer deal with developing a system and maintaining advertising applications or software. One of the main functions of a backend developer is the proper forwarding of software requests. The common programming languages ​​of the backend developer are Java, C, C ++ and PHP.
  • Full-stack developer work with both the front end and the back end of a website or application. You are familiar with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and one or more backend languages. The full-stack developer has mastered all programming languages ​​that are currently relevant for software development and is accordingly in demand on the job market. Discover our CodeMaster Online Bootcamp and learn full stack development.


How much does a frontend developer earn?

The expected salary in Austria depends on the respective federal state and of course the years of employment. According to Statistics Austria 2015, the average gross monthly salary for a front-end developer is the equivalent of € 3,070. This corresponds to an annual income of € 42,980. Compared to other European countries, this value is in the upper mid-range.

  • Italy € 25,828
  • Spain € 26,528
  • Germany € 48,571
  • Ireland € 52,114
  • Denmark € 62,512

If you are new to the industry, you can expect a gross monthly starting salary of at least € 2,300, according to You can also take a look at the Angular Developer Salary Trends 2020 for a salary comparison across 18 countries.


How do I become a frontend developer?

The first step is to learn the necessary programming languages ​​HTML & CSS. There is definitely no way around it!

W3Schools, the world's largest web developer website, offers free development courses such as HTML5, CSS and JavaScript. Codecademy is another great website that offers free front-end development courses. After you've completed the first few courses, create some static websites and apply what you've learned over and over again.

We also recommend developing a few small UI elements to practice your newly learned HTML and CSS skills. is a great playground for this. Search other people's projects and exchange ideas with the local community.

If you then think you are a complete front-end developer, then we have to disappoint you at this point, because there is a lot more involved.


1. Read, read and read more

Believe it or not, but your reading skills have a major impact on your path to becoming a great front-end developer. Especially at the beginning it is important to get a quick overview of how to efficiently learn the necessary programming languages ​​and the most important tools. Here are our top 5 book tips:

Front-End Web Development: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide: This basic work covers all the basics of modern HTML / CSS development and gives great instructions on how to structure and design your websites. In short: The ideal entry point for newbies and a source of inspiration for experienced front-end developers.

HTML & CSS: Make yourself comfortable and enjoy 512 pages of the finest programming language. This book is particularly suitable for beginners and describes in a simple way how you can design your own websites with code. At the end of each chapter, you will be rewarded with a variety of practical examples. You do not need any prior knowledge of programming languages ​​for this book.

JavaScript & jQuery: After HTML & CSS, you're ready for Jon Duckett's next work. In this book, the author covers all the basics of JavaScript and writing scripts for the web. It's one of the best intros for aspiring web developers. The examples given relate specifically to practical situations that you will encounter when creating websites. Since most web developers use libraries, working with jQuery is also discussed.

JavaScript: The Good Parts: JavaScript is the greatest scripting language for the web. Many modern libraries are based on JS, including Ember, Angular, and Node.

So if you want to dig deeper into JavaScript, you need a book that introduces you to the necessary coding standards:
JavaScript: The Good Parts is one of the best books for studying design patterns and best practices. It teaches you to structure your code correctly so that it remains readable and "lean".

Front-End Tooling with Gulp, Bower, and Yeoman: Gone are the days when simple HTML & CSS opened all website doors for you. The modern front-end landscape is based on tools such as Node, Sass, Gulp and many more. This book covers all of the tools mentioned and provides a gentle introduction to their possible applications. However, you should have some previous knowledge of JavaScript before continuing with tools like Gulp or Bower.

It is important that you always remain curious and constantly update your knowledge. In a fast-paced world like web development, books alone are not enough. Forums and blogs such as Web Designer Depot, Smashing Magazine, Creative Market, PopArt Blog are essential for your development as a frontend developer.


2. Use the best tools for front-end developers

In order to give you a quick start in the matter, we concentrate exclusively on platforms and front-end tools that fit into the modern workflow. As a result, you can learn the basic coding syntax for intermediate levels while working with the tools that control the workflow of modern developers.

Code Academy: This platform deserves to be mentioned a second time in this article. Why? If you only spend a few minutes googling for relevant courses, Codecademy is undoubtedly one of the first hits. This code learning platform is an institution and has supported more than 100 million people on their way to becoming front-end developers in the last seven years.

Learn CSS layout: The layout is the canvas on which you structure a website. For example, this blog text will be positioned within a line that is part of a larger container, and that goes for all web page designs. With Learn CSS Layout you can get a basic understanding of how containers and lines work and how you can position content where you want it.

Bootstrap: Once you understand how layouts work, you should conduct specific experiments. To do this, you have to get to know one or two frameworks. A framework is an easy way to get started in any type of web development. Bootstrap is one of the most popular front-end frameworks in the world and is therefore used increasingly across the web.

Front-end checklist: In web development, apart from the technology used, you have to follow certain rules and regulations. Front-End Checklist tests your website for best practices for front-end development. This also includes checking that you have optimized your images or that you are using the best SEO practices.

Vue.js: Vue.js has taken the front-end community by storm. This progressive framework helps developers create amazing user interfaces using HTML and JavaScript. The framework is fully supported by the community - both financially and on the development side. This is the perfect example of how open source can grow and make great things happen.

However, this list is just the beginning. Front-End Fundamentals, GitHub, Stack Overflow, etc. are other examples of platforms that are widely used in web development.


3. Follow the right experts

Lots of people have something to say on the web, but not all of them will actually help you on your way to becoming a frontend developer. That is why we have made a small pre-selection for you.

Mike Kus is a UK based designer specializing in web / UI design, graphic design, branding, illustration and photography. His work is published regularly in design-related media and he lectures at various design and tech conferences.

Wes Bos is a full stack developer, speaker and teacher from Canada. He is a course designer, works as a freelance web developer, and is co-host of Syntax - a popular web development podcast. Wes has taught over 500 students in over 200 classes and has spoken at dozens of conferences around the world. It's best not to miss any of his tutorials on YouTube, Github or his blog.

Stephen Grider was at the forefront for years when it came to implementing complex Javascript frontends for top American companies. With an innate ability to simplify complex topics, Stephen Grider quickly became an acclaimed star of the front-end developer community. But the best thing to do is to get your own picture of him and visit one of his top-rated Udemy courses.


Start your training online at the Talent Garden Innovation School

Would you prefer to start your career as a front-end developer today rather than tomorrow? Then we have exactly the right thing for you. With a mixture of The CodeMaster Online Bootcamp offers basic theory and meaningful practical projectsthe Talent Garden Innovation School is the perfect basis for a successful start in the professional world.


Continue reading?