How long are the penguins' legs really

- General information about penguins


The wing The penguins are transformed into flat, foldable fins that allow rapid underwater locomotion when the penguins are hunting fish.

Your feathers are short and shiny and form a dense, water-repellent layer. On the one hand, this ensures a good streamlined shape and, on the other hand, this layer ensures good thermal insulation.

Also the tail is streamlined and triangular and serves as a rudder.

The short, webbed ones legs are set far back on the body and serve as oars when swimming. Therefore, the penguins can only stand upright on land or move on their stomachs.

Most penguins come ashore only to breed or moult; they spend the rest of the year in the sea.

The size of the 18 different penguin species ranges from 40 cm to 115 cm, with a weight of 1 kg to 30 kg.

This is the case with all penguin species feather dress Dark above and white below the body. However, this is very different for all species Head pattern. It is different for each animal and also serves to recognize each other.

The food the penguins are made up of small fish, crabs, and squids. They hunt their prey by swimming underwater, where they can dive to great depths.

Like all other birds, the penguins lay Eggs and hatch them. At the time of breeding, most species meet in large colonies on the mainland and breed in groups.

The Penguin boys hatch with a thick downy dress that protects and warms them throughout their growth. They are fed by both parents, who take turns looking for food and then choke the food for the young out of their throats.

When the young animals have grown, they get new plumage and become independent.

The natural enemies of penguins include:
Sea lions, leopard seals, sharks, killer whales and especially giant petrels and skuas among the juveniles.