How does the INFJ personality present itself?
I. Letter code (preferences)
I - introversion (reflection on oneself) is preferred to extraversion (interaction with the environment). INFJs like to withdraw from the world to recharge their batteries. INFJs immerse themselves in a rich inner world, where they ponder about the world and above all about the people in it and indulge their ideas and fantasies.
N - Perception is preferably intuitive. In Jung’s terminology, this means that INFJs try to understand things for which there is insufficient evidence in their current environment. It is believed that intuitive people are better able to access unconscious content. You can easily replace missing details by recognizing patterns and parallels to known content and thereby find explanations for events that are not obvious.
F - feel, or the evaluation of their world through feelings, plays a more important role in the decisions of an INFJ than purely factual considerations. INFJs usually know exactly what is going on in another person, often before they themselves become aware of it. Also, they often take other people's needs more seriously than their own.
J - Judging (English judging). INFJs look for stability and structures in the outside world. They find too many unpredictable changes rather unpleasant. At INFJs, this attitude is particularly evident in the need to bring things to a close instead of leaving them open. INFJs prefer to come to a decision quickly rather than enduring uncertain external circumstances over which they have no control for a long period of time. Their dominant perceptual function (introverted intuition) can lead them to temporarily postpone their plans and duties in favor of pursuing their ideas and mind games. They are mostly acutely aware of their duties towards others and bear this condition worse than P-types, who are often better able to suppress the consequences of their haphazard actions.
- INFJs are full of complex insights into their environment. If you are dealing with a specific issue or task, you can call up many options for solving a problem. In doing so, they easily adopt different perspectives and points of view from their fellow human beings.
- You are extremely interested in the well-being of others, you can empathize and give helpful advice.
- When they are engaged in a task that they believe to be, they are hard-working and focused and ready to overcome long periods of drought in order to achieve the goal.
- They take their responsibility to others very seriously and have a high level of personal integrity and a sense of duty.
- They are often so convinced of their view of things that they are not prepared to take other people's input into account and instead prefer to stubbornly insist on their ideas.
- INFJs tend to be more aware of the needs of others than of their own. Therefore, when fulfilling their duties to others, they often go to their physical and mental limits, while the rigorous withdrawal due to exhaustion of their own reserves usually takes place without warning and surprisingly for their fellow human beings.
- They are often lost in thought and thus run the risk of not paying enough attention to what is happening in their environment.
- They have high expectations of themselves and others, can quickly become frustrated when their ideal ideas are less than perfect in reality, or they take over the implementation of their idealistic ideas.
IV. Functions strongly anchored in consciousness
Dominant function: Introverted intuition (Ni)
The dominant function of the INFJ is intuition, it is directed inwards. Intuition often gives INFJs insights into contexts, although the concrete facts are insufficient to explain them. This process often appears to others to be mysterious and incomprehensible. However, it can also be explained without recourse to magical powers. INFJs often take in many details from their outside world without being aware of it and after a while process them inside into a unified whole. The insights gained in this way then feel like aha experiences, as they seem to appear out of nowhere.
Second function: extraverted feeling (Fe)
The second function of the INFJ is extraverted feeling. It enables INFJs to recognize and take into account the expectations of their fellow human beings. As a judgment function, it helps INFJs to follow their perceptions with concrete actions. Indeed, this function quickly leads INFJs into conflict with their own understanding of the real needs of those around them. Because they are often tempted to meet the needs of their fellow human beings out of concern for harmonious relationships, even if they contradict their insights. The comparison of their ideas with the expectations of their fellow human beings forces them to make these insights understandable to their fellow human beings. At the same time, this process helps them to adapt their ideas to reality.
V. Atypical behavior
Each of the 16 types shows certain atypical behaviors. They are an expression of the excessive use of their dominant function at the expense of other functions that lead a shadowy existence in the subconscious. You can read more detailed information on this topic here.
Neglected inferior function: extraverted feeling (Se)
The inferior function of the INFJ is extraverted sensation.
Contrary to their otherwise anti-materialist attitude, they are often addictive and dissolute, especially under stress, or, as women, overly concerned with their appearance or worried about how they will affect others.
Occasionally, INFJs are so overwhelmed by the impressions of the outside world that they are completely overwhelmed and hang on to little things or are constantly distracted by trivialities. So every now and then the feeling arises that the material world has conspired against you. No move seems to be successful. Things are misplaced and constantly searched for. Things in the environment that were never noticed suddenly trigger unfamiliar activities. A stain that has always existed on the wall suddenly seems huge and prompts a hasty renovation. INFJs often react under the influence of their fourth function (Se) as if under duress; where an INFJ normally does not look or takes any offense, he is suddenly overconcerned or annoyed and looks for spontaneous, often hasty solutions. It is not uncommon for them to take their frustration out on their fellow human beings.
Please note that the functions only explain part of the personality. People of a certain type differ in the degree of development of their functions. These are more or less well developed, and the strengths and weaknesses of the INFJ come to light accordingly. This is also related to age, among other things. The older you get and / or the more conducive your own circumstances are and were, the more balanced and less extreme the personality.
-> detailed profile description of the INFJ
New: INFJs in professional life
Similar profiles with which the INFJ is often confused: INFP, ENFJ and INTJ
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