What can cause uncontrollable cough
Effects and Complications
Coughing can have many negative effects that seem to affect women more than men. In social life, for example, constant coughing can lead to increased irritation and nervousness in others, who feel annoyed by it. Physical effects can also develop for those affected. These arise due to the repeated high pressure caused by the coughing blow
For example, if a crumb or speck of dust gets into the larynx or the deeper respiratory tract, the vocal cords immediately cling to one another under strong muscle tension, which leads to a reflex cough. As with inhalation, the diaphragm becomes tense and descends. The lungs follow this movement, expand downward, and draw in air from outside. Shortly before the cough is triggered, the epiglottis is lowered over the windpipe like a closure, while the abdominal muscles are tensed at the same time. This pushes the diaphragm upwards so that the pressure in the chest area increases and overpressure builds up. With a strong exhalation, the closed glottis is literally burst open and the foreign body is torn up from the lower airways and thrown back into the throat. The air flow can reach a speed close to the sound limit. You can hear a more or less loud coughing sound. Coughing up tracheal secretions and clearing throats are also based on this reflex mechanism.
Sharp chest pain and headache are common. Nosebleeds can also be triggered by coughing, and bleeding into the skin or mucous membranes can also occur.
Hoarseness is often related to inflammation of the throat (pharyngitis) or larynx (laryngitis), but it can also be caused by coughing. The voice becomes rough, pressed, quiet, dull or fails completely. Hoarseness and inflammation often occur together, especially in the case of allergies.
Urinary incontinence can occur especially in women. Sufferers cannot prevent urine when they cough. In asthma sufferers, coughing can trigger an asthma attack. An uncontrollable backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux) mainly causes heartburn, but can also lead to coughing.
The high tension when coughing can cause the diaphragm or groin to break. The so-called cough syncope is a fainting caused by a cough. This causes the diaphragm to cramp up so that the return flow of blood to the heart is impeded, which is why the brain is temporarily supplied with too little oxygen and glucose (sugar). This leads to a sudden and short-term unconsciousness.
In rare cases, coughing leads to mediastinal emphysema. The mediastinum
This is the space in the rib cage between the two lungs that houses the thoracic viscera - i.e. the heart, associated nerves, vessels and lymph nodes. The pleurs (pleura and lungs), which line the two pleural cavities with the lungs, form a partition between the mediastinum and the lungs. To the front and back, this space is bounded by the breastbone and thoracic spine, and from above and below it extends approximately from the level of the collarbone down to the diaphragm.
- also known as the middle skin - is located between the lungs and their pleura cover. Injuries (of the windpipe, lungs, esophagus, pleura or chest) allow air to enter the middle layer. This leads to a displacement of the organs in the chest, which can lead to severe pain and shortness of breath. There is also the risk of a life-threatening inflammation of the middle layer.
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