What are some interesting facts about Machiavelli
30 Interesting facts and figures about Niccolo Machiavelli
Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance. He has often been referred to as the father of modern political science. Below are 30 more interesting and fun facts about Niccolo Machiavelli.
1. For many years he was a senior official in the Florentine Republic with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs.
2. He wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry.
3. His personal correspondence is known to Italian scholars.
4. From 1498 to 1512 he was secretary of the Second Chancellery of the Republic of Florence when the Medici were not in power.
5. He wrote his most famous work, The Prince, in 1513 after he was banished from the city.
6. Machiavellianism is widely used as a negative term to characterize unscrupulous politicians of the kind that Machiavelli famously describes in the Prince.
7. Machiavelli described immoral behavior such as dishonesty and the killing of the innocent as normal and effective in politics. In some situations he even seemed to be encouraging.
8. His book became famous for claims that it teaches "bad recommendations to tyrants to help them maintain their power."
9. The term "Machiavellian" is often associated with political deception, cunning and realpolitik.
10. Many commentators, such as Baruch Spinoza, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Denis Diderot, have claimed that Machiavelli was even a Republican even when he wrote The Prince, and that his writings were an inspiration to the Enlightenmentists of modern democratic political philosophy.
11. In one place Machiavelli noticed his admiration for the selfless Roman dictator Cincinnatus.
12. Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1469 in Florence, Italy to Bernado and Bartolomea.
13. He had two siblings, two sisters and a brother.
14. Quality education was very important to his family, and his writings show that he was an avid reader and read mostly classics.
fifteen. His father, his lawyer, was able to train him in classics to prepare him for public service.
16. From 1487 to 1495 Machiavelli worked under a banker.
17. Later, in 1498, he was appointed Chancellor and Chief Executive Officer of the Government of Florence. During his tenure as Chancellor, he carried out 23 diplomatic missions. In addition, he required political decisions for his work, wrote and read reports and wrote diplomatic letters to other states.
18. Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini in 1502 and was the father of four sons and two daughters. Most of his letters were saved by his grandson Giovanni Ricci.
19. Machiavelli tried to organize a Florentine militia against the Medici family, but his plans failed and he was banished, tortured and abstained from active politics.
20. His book was condemned by Pope Clement VIII.
21. In addition to The Prince, Machiavelli also wrote books such as The Mandrake, a satire and the contracts on The Art of War.
22. As he was a great believer in democracy, he was approached by the monarchs.
23. Decennale Primo and Decennale Secondo are some of the famous poems he wrote. He also wrote Mandragola, also known as The Mandrake, in 1518, a prose comedy.
24. His literary skills have been widely debated in terms of coherence and originality. Many critics describe his work as inconsistent. It was also noted that his thoughts on various subjects have changed over the years and that is reflected in his literary work.
25. Machiavelli believed that religion was man-made and he made no distinction between Christians and pagans. However, he believed that religion was extremely important in maintaining public order, but often viewed religious prophets as politicians.
26. While his attitude towards religion in general is still ambiguous, he has chosen the policy towards the religious powers.
27. The 20th century Italian communist Antonio Gramsci was very inspired by Machiavelli's writings on ethics and morality and its relationship to state and revolution in his writings on the passive revolution and how a society can be manipulated through the control of prevailing morals.
28. Joseph Stalin read the price and commented on his own copy.
29. In the first generations after Machiavelli, he mainly influenced non-republican governments.
30. The price was highly acclaimed by Thomas Cromwell in England and had influenced Henry VIII in his turn to Protestantism and in his tactics, for example during the grace voyage.
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