How do I practice Ashwamedha Yagam


The goddess Ganga with her child

1. Ganga (Sanskrit: गङ्गा Gaṅgā and गंगा Gaṃgā f.) the Indian river Ganges, one of the main rivers of northern India. He is considered to be the embodiment of the river goddess and is also often referred to as "Mother Ganga". Bathing in the river is considered sacred and is also compared to baptism. The Sanskrit word Ganga means "the fast flowing one".

2. Ganga, (Sanskrit गङ्गा gaṅgā f), is a spiritual name and means Name of one of the most important rivers of North India (Ganges), considered a goddess. Ganga can be given to aspirants with Shiva mantra. Ganga is also worshiped as a female deity.

The Ganga has a total length of over 2600km, the second largest river in India. It rises in the Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand, flows through the great plain south of the Himalayas, and flows into the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh. The Ganga is the holiest river of the Hindus and at the same time very heavily polluted by sewage and pollutants.

Ganga गङ्गा gaṅgā pronunciation

Here you can hear how the Sanskrit word ganga, गङ्गा, gaṅgā is pronounced:

Swami Sivananda across the Ganges river

The Ganges is the holiest river in India. Lord Krishna says in the Gita: “I am the Ganges of the rivers”. No seed can germinate in the water of the Ganges. It is saturated with antiseptic minerals. In the West, doctors prescribe Ganges water rubs for the treatment of skin diseases. The Ganges is not just a river. It is a holy tirtha (place of pilgrimage, mostly in connection with water, originally a ford). It possesses mysterious powers that cannot be found in any other river in the world. Even scientists admit the efficiency of the Ganges water.

Dr. F.C. Harrison of McGill University in Canada writes: “A strange fact that has never been satisfactorily explained is the rapid death (within three or five hours) of cholera bacteria in the waters of the Ganges. If one thinks of sewage from numerous corpses of local people (often dead from cholera) and from the many bathers, it seems remarkable that the belief of the Hindus that the water of this river is pure and cannot be polluted, and that they drink it and can bathe in it, can be confirmed by modern bacterial research. " A well-known French doctor, Dr. D. Herelle, made similar investigations into the mystery of the Ganges. He observed some of the floating corpses of people who had died of dysentery and cholera and was surprised that there were no germs at all a few feet below the bodies where one would normally expect millions of these dysentery and cholera bacteria. He then grew germs from patients who suffered from these diseases and added water from the Ganges to these bacterial cultures. After incubating this mixture for a while, he was surprised to find that the germs were completely destroyed.

A British doctor, Dr. C.E. Nelson, F.R.C.S. reports another remarkable fact. He says: “Ships leaving Calcutta for England take their water from the Hugli River, which is a branch of the dirty Ganges, and this Ganges water remains fresh all the way to England. On the other hand, on ships leaving London for India, the water they take on board in London does not stay fresh until they reach Bombay (Mumbai), the closest Indian port that is a week closer to England is, as Calcutta. They have to renew their water supplies in Port Said, Suez or in Aden on the Red Sea. It is no wonder that the Ganges is very sacred to the Indian people and possesses mysterious powers. "

For a Hindu, the word Ganga ’has its very own sacred association. Every Hindu thirsts for a dip in the Ganges and a drop of water when he is dying. Aspirants and mendicants build their huts on the banks of the Ganges to repent and meditate. In his final instructions to the Pandavas from his deathbed, Bhishma spoke in the highest tones of the sanctity of the Ganges.

Whenever a devout Hindu wants to take a bath, he first calls on the ganga and feels their presence in the water before plunging into the river. If he lives in a place that is far from the Ganges, he longs intensely to see him one day and feels blessed to take a bath in the holy water. He carries some water into his house and carefully stores it in a container so that he can use it for cleaning purposes. Hindus believe that all their sins will be washed away when they take a bath in the holy waters of the Ganges.

In the Satya Yuga, all places were sacred. In the Treta Yuga, Pushkara was considered the most sacred place. In the Dvapara Yuga, Kurukshetra was considered the most sacred place. In the Kali Yuga the Ganges has this holiness. Devi Bhagavata says, “Whoever pronounces the name Ganges, even if it is hundreds of miles away, will be freed from sin and come into the kingdom of Lord Hari”.

The ganga comes from the highest being. She enters at Lord Hari's feet and reaches Vaikuntha. It rises from Goloka and crosses the regions of Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, Dhruva, Chandra, Surya, Tapah, Janah, Mahah, and flows from Indraloka as Mandakini.

At the request of Bhagiratha, the Ganga enters the matted locks of Lord Shiva, who repented rigorously for falling down the Ganges to Patala to redeem his ancestors, the thousand sons of Sagara, who were burned to ashes by the sage Kapila.

Then it flowed down from Lord Shiva's locks. It was drunk by the sage Jahnu when the water overflowed the sage's Yajnasala. Then again it sprang from the ear of the sage and was named Jahnavi. She is also known as Bhagirathi, daughter of Bhagiratha. The Ganga flowed to Patala as Bhagirathi. The king's ancestors were raised to Svarga when they touched the sacred waters of the Ganga.

The ganga had to assume human form in the presence of Brahma because of misconduct. She became the wife of Santanu. Santanu was also a heavenly being known as King Mahabhisha. He had to be born into this world because he too had shown wrongdoing in the presence of Brahma, for he was vain. Ganga gave birth to Bhishma, the famous hero and sage.

Ganga agreed to carry within her the seed of Lord Shiva that was planted in her by Agni. She gave the world to Lord Subrahmanya, the great leader of the army of the devas who killed the dreaded Asura Taraka.

Ganga is an image of Vishnu. The sight of them stirs up the soul and elevates it. She flows in the valleys and lives at the side of Parvati, daughter of Himavan. How lovely it is when it flows in the Rishikesh Valley! Their color is blue like the ocean. The water is extremely clear and sweet. Rich people of the plains get the water from Rishikesh. They bring it to distant places in India in large copper kettles.

To contemplate the Ganges in Rishikesh exalts the soul. Sitting on a boulder on the banks of the Ganges for a few minutes is a blessing. Staying in Rishikesh on the banks of the Ganges for several months and practicing Anushthana or Purascharana is great tapas and will bring the aspirant to the kingdom of Lord Hari. To live forever on the banks of the Ganges and live life in meditation is Shivanandam.

May Mother Ganga bless you all! May she help you live on her shores and practice yoga and tapas!

This passage is from Swami Sivananda

Sukadev across the Ganga

Writing of a video lecture by Sukadev about the Ganga

Ganga - the river goddess of the Ganga river or simply Ganga, the river Ganges. Ganga is considered a sacred river in India, Ganga is considered female in India. The Indians would not say "Ganges", they would say "Ganga". And when they say “Ganga,” there is always reverence. Ganga, a sacred river. Ganga - holy water. Ganga - cleansing. And there are many myths about Ganga.

Of course, there are several hundred million people around the Ganga River. And North Indian agriculture is ultimately an irrigation economy based on the Ganga River. It is therefore no wonder that Ganga is revered as a life-giver, as a life-giver. Without Ganga there would be no agriculture, without Ganga people could not live there, without Ganga this high Indian culture would not have existed. Precisely because the large irrigation canals had to be built, such flourishing communities emerged there.

Ganga is more than just a river, there is something mystical about Ganga. You can feel that too. Especially when you are at the upper reaches of the Ganga, e.g. in Rishikesh or Haridwar or even further up, you feel that something is there. You may feel that in other rivers too, but the Ganga has something special about it. There is an energy, there is a power, a blessing. Of course, also because people have been meditating on the banks of the Ganga for thousands of years, that people have given the Ganga their reverence.

But I also believe that Ganga is actually a river goddess and that the water that is there is like the physical body of this river goddess. And when you let Ganga have an effect on you - I always say the Ganges because in German it's masculine, but actually you have to say Ganga - if you look at the Ganga, the Ganga can have its effect on you, then you can feel it Joy, a love and ease, everything falls away. It is also said that a bath in the Ganga washes away all sins, at least Ganga washes away a heaviness, the feeling of not getting any further. Ganga lets you flow. There are many stories about Ganga, as I have said several times. When you open the Yoga Vidya website,, all you have to do is enter the search term "Ganga" or "Ganges" in the search field and you will find a lot of stories.

Swami Sivananda wrote a whole chapter about Ganga that we translated into German and there are videos about Ganga and much more. Suffice it to say that there was a king who had different sons and the sons sinned. As a result, they are burned to ashes and their souls have become earthbound spirits, pretas. There was a descendant of theirs and he saw it as his duty to redeem these pretas. He asked Brahma what to do, and Brahma didn't know what to do next. So he asked Vishnu what to do, and Vishnu said, “Yes, only Ganga can redeem the pretas. Please Ganga, pray to Ganga that she will come into this world. "

And then several generations of offspring practiced intense spiritual practices, and finally Ganga was about to be born. And then Vishnu appeared again and said: “Beware, Ganga cannot come directly to earth from the higher heavenly levels. You have to call Shiva beforehand, because only Shiva can tame Ganga. ”And so they called Shiva and especially Bhagiratha, as he is called, called Shiva. Bhagiratha is the name of this last descendant who then really succeeded in calling Ganga to earth. He meditated, he did tapas, intense practices, he did pranayama, and so Shiva appeared to him.

And Bhagiratha asked Shiva to catch Ganga in his head of hair so that Ganga could then calmly enter this world. And so it happened. Ganga flowed into Shiva's head of hair from above and came out of Shiva's head of hair again, then flowed as a river into this world, went over the place where the Pretas were and helped the Pretas to purify themselves from their papas, their sins, free so that they could be redeemed.

And so, on the one hand, Ganga is a river of heaven, full of power, full of joy, full of light. Ganga is a river full of love, because Ganga went down to earth out of love to help. Ganga is full of energy from Shiva, Shiva caught Ganga on his head of hair. Ganga stands for flow, for the energy of Shiva, for love, for light, for joy and ultimately also liberation.

So you have a lot about Ganga. One can also invoke Ganga and all sacred rivers with a mantra. I will recite it briefly: "Om Gange Cha Yamune Chaiva Godavari Saraswati, Narmade Sindhu Kaveri Namastubhyam Namo Namah." Or you repeat the short form of the mantra: "Om Gangayai Namaha." With this mantra you activate Ganga, you call Ganga. Ganga cleanses, Ganga harmonizes. Ganga - the river goddess. Ganga - the river Ganges. Ganga - holy river, holy river goddess.

Swami Krishnananda: "How the Ganges came to earth"

The background to this story: When King Sagara of the suryavamsa wanted to perform the ashvamedha yagna, his soldiers noticed that the horse to be sacrificed was missing. The king ordered his 60,000 sons to move out to find the horse. The arrogant princes burned and destroyed entire places to find the horse. Finally they came to the hermitage of sage Kapila. They found him meditating and the horse was standing next to him.

Swamiji: ... and he (the sage Kapila) was floating above the earth because of his yogic powers. They thought he was the culprit and lit a fire under him. He got hot from below and opened his eyes; and when he opened his eyes all the princes turned to ashes.

Far away, the king wondered, “What happened to my children? They are not coming back. ”He sent his son Amsuman. (Prince Amsuman met the sage Kapila and heard the full story. The sage advised him that if he wanted his brothers back, he must perform the cremation rites in the place where they were turned to ashes. This means that he must wash this point with the holy water of the Ganges, which is only available in Swarga).

The prince endeavored all his life to bring the Ganges to earth. He said, “You will not find deliverance if the Ganges does not flow over your ashes.” And so he died. He had tried all his life, but nothing happened. Then came his son Bhagiratha. Bhagiratha prayed, prayed and prayed. Ganga was resting in a large kamandal in Brahmaloka and he prayed to Brahma, "Please, let him down."

Brahma said, “It's not that simple. When Narayana (Vishnu) becomes Vamana Avatara, he will receive Visvarupa and his feet will touch all three worlds and with his toes he will overturn the Kamandal and then the Ganges will flow down. Only then will you get it. "

Oh! Bhagiratha was waiting for Vamana Avatara. You cannot imagine how many times he had to be born again, only God knows that. And Vamana Avatara appeared and Vishnu's toe touched the Kamandal and it turned around. Everything flowed down. And Brahma said, “Now it will flow to Patala. Its power is so strong that you won't get the Ganges here. It will flow into the lower regions. You have to do something to stop him.

Then Bhagiratha prayed to Lord Shiva, “Please keep him in your tight locks, otherwise it was all for nothing.” He tied his locks and held the Ganges. But Shiva did not let go of him. He just kept still. Again Bhagiratha prayed to Shiva, “Please lower him. That wasn't the point. ”Then Shiva let it flow out of his hair. The Ganges flowed with great force and flowed through the abode of the sage who was called Jahnu. He was so upset about it that he devoured the whole Ganges. Then Bhagiratha prayed to Jahnu, “Please let it flow.” Then he let it flow through his ear. Because the Ganges flowed out of the ear of Rishi Jahnu, it is also called Jahnavi. Then it flowed, and it flowed through the ashes of the ancestors and they were redeemed. It is said that this happened today, on Ganga Dasara. This is the whole story. The whole story is described in great detail in the Valmiki Ramayan in the Bala Kandam - very readable. Valmiki tells this wonderful story of how the Ganges came here over several chapters. It flowed through three regions. First from heaven; from heaven he came to the astral regions, and from the astral regions he came to earth. He has many names. In some places it is called Mandakini, in others Bhagirathi, another name is Jahnavi. This is the birth of the Ganges on earth.

Student: So Alakananda is not the Ganges, Swamiji? Or is Alakanda also the Ganges?

Swamiji: Alakananda comes from Badrinath and the Ganges is also called Bhagirathi. The name "Ganges" came later. The Bhagirathi comes from Gomukh and the Bhagirathi and Alakananda flow together in Devprayag. There it is called the Ganges. Then it flows on. In Allahabad he meets Yamuna. And there is a third river, Sarasvati, which is said to flow underground so that you cannot see it.There the Ganges becomes very powerful and devastates everything. So holy!

Bhagavad gita kijnchidadhita, ganga jalalava kanikapita, sakridapi yena murari samarch, kriyate tasya yamena na charcha. This is Sankara Archarya's Bhaja Govindam. Even if you have only drunk a drop of the Ganges: ganga jalalava kanikapita- kanika means “drop”; sakripadi yena murari samarcha: when a person has worshiped Lord Krishna only once; kriyate tasya yamena na charcha: he does not need to meet Yama later.

Student: We did all of this at least once, Swamiji. Are we set free? Or are you only liberated, Swamiji?

SWAMIJI: That is an atheist argument. Atheists don't believe in God. They say it doesn't exist. Marx would talk like that.

Another student: We must conclude from this that one has to carry out these actions with sincerity, faith and intensity, then it is enough. Otherwise…

SWAMIJI: If you believe it is the Ganges, bathing in the pit will also set you free. There was once a person who thought the Godavari was the Ganges, he bathed in it and beamed like that (makes a movement). But the belief that it was the Ganges and not the Godavari set him free. It's belief that does it, belief, no matter what.

Frog curry ... or how to curse someone, “tapala curry”. She went to Sri Vidya who gave an initiation to an Orthodox Namboodiri Brahmin in Kerala. Namboodiris wouldn't even look at a lower caste woman. She said, "Please teach me, Sri Vidya." "Hey!" He said. He had to take a bath because he saw her. In anger he spoke “Tapala Curry” (“tapala” means [[frog]). She thought, “This is the mantra of Sri Vidya.” But through the power of faith, “Tapala curry” was transformed into “SakalaKreem”. And so she could walk on water. People said, “How can that be? Where did you learn that? "She replied," Guru. Guru`s Upadesham "They went to the Guru and asked him," What did you teach? "" I did not teach anything, "he said. He called for the woman. “What did I teach you?“ You taught me “Tapala Curry” even though I pronounce it “SakalaKreem”. Devi has blessed me so that I can walk on water. ”The Brahmin was ashamed because he could not walk on water. Faith works wonders. Intellectual reasoning is not good. When there is sincerity, anything can happen.

Do you know the story of moses Someone wanted to make shoes for God. He wept bitterly. He was a cobbler. “God, what is your shoe size? I would like to make you shoes. Please tell me your shoe size. ”He was so sincere in his desire to make God’s shoes that it melted your heart. It is said that Moses came by at that moment. Moses was very upset. “This idiot wants to make shoes for God!“ “Aren't you ashamed at all? You dishonor the name of God! Do you think God needs your shoes? “He went away. During the night, Moses had a vision from God. God said, “Hey, why did you attack my suitor? He is an honest man. He wanted to make me shoes. And you believe that you are an educated man. Go and apologize! ”Then Moses apologized.

Whatever you think God is, He is too. Otherwise it would not have been possible for Narayana, the universal being, to have come out of a brick pillar. Can anyone imagine that? How can he come out of a lifeless brick? Nothing is lifeless to him. Everything sparkles. Faith is the greatest. All the great saints were uneducated, uneducated people without training. They didn't know anything, but they had a lot of faith. We have to learn that.

Student: The initial belief is there, but that initial enthusiasm eventually dies.

SWAMIJI: If he dies, then he cannot be called faith either. Then it's just a deceptive way of thinking. No belief.

Student: There is this initial awareness, but it's so difficult to maintain because ...

SWAMIJI: It is because mental suffering can turn it upside down. Therefore, you have to be strong enough to overwhelm the senses. The distraction of the mind goes hand in hand with the power of the senses. They tell you, "give us our share." You won't even get a passport if you haven't paid income tax to the state. When you walk into the office where you get the passport they say, “Where is your fee?” Likewise, your senses will instill in you that you have to pay their share to them first, only then can you get to God. With every step, in every stage that leads further away from the senses, from the body, further away from the spirit, from the intellect, from the causal body, you always have to pay them a share. You can't leave anything out. Not a single policeman can be evaded. They will hold you tight. There are seven gates to Vaikuntha. They will stop at every gate.

Student: In this book, Swamiji mentions a pit to hell that is at the door of heaven.

Swamiji: It's like a moving boat where everything is ok, but it can easily tip over. Even if you have already crossed three quarters of the river, you can be overwhelmed by a wind in the last quarter. You can never be sure. humility is the most important thing.

The spiritual name Ganga

Ganga is a spiritual name for meditators with Shiva mantra

Ganga is a spiritual name that can be given to aspirants who have the mantra Om Namah Shivaya. Om Namah Shivaya means devotion to Shiva. And Ganga pours out of Shiva's hair. Ganga is the cosmic river. In German Ganga is called Ganges. Paradoxically, in German the river is THE Ganges. But in India Ganga is THE river goddess Ganga and the river Ganga is the original concept of the feminine. Ganga flows from Shiva.

From the divine consciousness flows the cosmic flow of life, the Shakti, the divine energy. If your name is Ganga, it should mean that your home is Shiva and thus God himself. You come from God and you flow into the sea at some point and the sea is again a manifestation of Shiva. You come from God, you flow into God. And ultimately in this world you want to experience divine blessings. Ganga literally means the fast flowing one, which also means that in this world the scenarios change again and again. Sometimes it flows faster, sometimes it flows slower, but in the end it is constantly changing. You know there is nowhere you can stop in this world, it goes on and on. Even in the relative world you are always changing. Nothing stays the same. You don't stay the same in the relative world, the world doesn't stay the same. Ganga is also healing and cleansing. And so, if you have the name Ganga, you can also say to yourself: Yes, I want to help people, I want to do good. I want to help people purify themselves and become healthy, that they are fine, that they experience spiritual awakening and I want to help people on the spiritual path, accompany them and lead them to their spiritual awakening. It is said that a bath in the ganga cleanses one of all sins and mistakes. So if your name is Ganga, then you want to help other people too, you want to purify them. You want to help them experience the ultimate.

Similar Spiritual Names

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Hindu rituals

07/14/2021 - 07/14/2021 - Maha-Samadhi Swami Sivananda
Maha-Samadhi by Swami Sivananda - festive ceremony with puja, mantra chanting and meditation. Everything is free. Donation welcome.
07/14/2021 - 07/14/2021 - Maha-Samadhi Swami Sivananda
Maha-Samadhi by Swami Sivananda - festive ceremony with puja, mantra chanting and meditation. Everything is free. Donation welcome.

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