Can the world survive without the Amazon

The Amazon - air conditioning in the world

Sweaty trees, flying rivers and a gigantic carbon store - the Amazon rainforest is an amazing climate machine, the functions of which we have not yet understood in detail. One thing is certain, however: the rainforest plays an essential role in combating the climate crisis. That is why it is so important for us in Europe to stop the ongoing destruction of the rainforest.

The rainforest has a fantastic ability: it can absorb huge amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) and store the carbon (C) it contains in its plants and in the soil. There is so much going on in this processCarbon is stored in the jungle as it will be released all over the world in around ten years! If the Amazon rainforest is burned, we cannot prevent the climate crisis.

Sweaty trees and flying rivers

When the sun shines on the Amazon rainforest, a fascinating effect sets in: Huge amounts of moisture evaporate over the rivers and forests, creating the so-called "flying rivers". A single tree can give off 1000 liters of water per day, the tree "sweats". One would need an energy expenditure of1.86 million gigawattsto produce the daily evaporation of 20 billion cubic meters of water.

These gigantic amounts of moisture extract heat from the atmosphere and cool the whole world in the process. In addition, the clouds or the "flying river" also cools the earth.A large part of the clouds south of the Amazon then rains down again and ensures fertile soils in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina. Without this effect, the agricultural nations of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina would not be able to operate the way they do today. Without this flying river, the vegetation south of the Amazon rainforest would be at the same latitude as in Africa and Australia: a desert or semi-desert.

However, the destruction of the rainforest could affect the climate not only in South America, but all over the world.Less rain and periods of extreme drought are the harbingers of climate change.

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The tipping point of the Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest is the only rainforest that generates around 50% of its rain through water evaporation. The southern part of the Amazon rainforest cannot survive without the "Flying River" because the forests there would have too little water.The result is that even more forest is lost and even less rain occurs. A vicious circle with dramatic consequences for the local people, for nature, for the agricultural nations of South America and the global climate. The climate crisis could no longer be prevented!

The climate models are increasingly dramatic. It may be that the tipping point has already occurred or will occur in around five to ten years. Deforestation means that the rainforest increasingly loses its function as a carbon store and brake on the greenhouse effect and, in contrast, becomesGreenhouse gas producers.

Donation for climate protection

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