Why does Nigeria not have nuclear weapons

UN member states decide to ban nuclear weapons

The agreement is binding under international law and prohibits the manufacture, use and possession of nuclear weapons. The threat of a nuclear strike and the stationing of nuclear weapons in other countries are also excluded. Activists of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) observed and accompanied the negotiations for months. ICAN-Germany sees the agreement as a "historic turning point in nuclear policy". After decades of faltering disarmament, a majority of UN members have sent a "clear signal to the nuclear-armed states" and made it clear that their "special status is no longer accepted by the international community" However, the treaty is open to states that cannot yet accede and is designed in such a way that its scope can be gradually expanded.

The impetus for the negotiations that began in March 2017 came primarily from international civil society and from states that do not have nuclear weapons. Austria, Ireland, South Africa, Nigeria, Brazil and Mexico in particular advocated the initiation of talks. Unfortunately, the German government did not take part in the process - on the grounds that negotiations that were not supported by the nuclear weapon states would make no sense. The negative attitude was criticized not only by peace activists, but also by peace researchers and representatives of the Evangelical Church in Germany (see e.g. the statement of the peace commissioner Renke Brahms from April 2017 of March 22, 2017). By adhering to nuclear participation in NATO, the German government will in future act "against current international law", says Xanthe Hall (ICAN). The stationing of US nuclear weapons on German soil is not compatible with the convention, and "this clarification of international law a practice that has been highly controversial in legal terms for decades ”is expressly to be welcomed.

The nuclear weapon states had boycotted the negotiations. Some had publicly condemned the whole approach with harsh words ("reckless" and "misguided"; "misguided" and "irresponsible"), above all the United States, which is currently legitimizing its rejection with North Korea's most recent nuclear weapons tests. The negotiations were overshadowed by these global political tensions. Beatrice Fihn of ICAN (Geneva) rightly pointed out that the current trial of strength between the USA and North Korea shows one thing above all, namely that the doctrine of nuclear deterrence is subject to a fallacy: "The theory only works if you are ready to use nuclear weapons, otherwise the other side will call your bluff. Deterrence is based on a perception that leaders are rational and sane. " (New York Times 7/7/2017)

The humanitarian dimension of the treaty is important

The proponents of the treaty emphasize its humanitarian dimension as important, because "for the first time, human security and the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons are at the center of the discussions and regulations relating to nuclear weapons". Common and multilaterally founded global governance policy "open, so it says in the press release from ICAN-Germany (7/7/2017), because the nuclear disarmament states could no longer discuss issues of nuclear disarmament among themselves in the future:" The text of the treaty paves the way for a say for all states. In addition to the prohibition provisions, the agreement also creates the framework for a comprehensive control and verification regime. So far, only states that do not have nuclear weapons have had to undergo security precautions. Now the basis has been created for nuclear weapon states to be held accountable and to cooperate with other states on disarmament issues. ”After the treaty came into force, possession of nuclear weapons was“ associated with considerable damage to diplomatic reputations, ”and that would result in global pressure The activists hope to increase disarmament.

The contract is expected to be signed at the end of September 2017 in the presence of the foreign ministers of the supporting member states at the UN General Assembly. 50 ratifications are required for it to enter into force.

More information about the negotiations at www.nuclearban.de and www.icanw.de.