What are server rooms used for?

Rent or buy a server?

24 Jul Rent or buy a server? - What is worthwhile for you?

Posted at 17: 04h in News by Stefan Collet

IT knowledge base: For those interested in IT and companies looking for a managed services provider.

You work in the background and accomplish an incredible amount: servers. Nowadays, an efficient IT infrastructure cannot function without it, because it is a fundamental requirement for many processes. They run continuously to provide resources for systems that are in the same network and to carry out necessary tasks. A basic distinction is made between physical and virtual server types. Physical servers are permanently installed hardware, while virtual servers are simulated on exactly this type of hardware and are used for parallelization and better capacity utilization. There are other types of servers, each designed for specific tasks:

vServer

A virtual server that is simulated by software on a high-performance server. This means that all users who have rented a VPS to host a website, for example, share its high computing power. The available bandwidth and performance are defined and offered by the respective provider.

Cloud server

A cloud server is a VPS whose performance can be flexibly increased or reduced as required. They are particularly suitable for computationally intensive applications that require high resources. Cloud servers are billed every hour or minute and are therefore very flexible and can be used on demand.

Dedicated server

In contrast to the two already mentioned, this server is a physical computer, the entire performance of which is made available for a dedicated task. The user is therefore entitled to full performance and control over the resources. Storage, maintenance, cooling and security will still be taken over by the provider.

Root server

A root server acts within a network and is used to find the address of a domain. The domain is then resolved by DNS servers and enables data to be transmitted via the IP addresses of the devices communicating with each other.

DNS server

A world without a DNS server would make opening websites very complicated, because then the respective IP address would have to be entered every time to call up the desired page. The server translates the entered address, so to speak, such as www.crossmedia-it.de and sends the associated IP to the client.

FTP server

The acronym FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. A data transfer system based on protocols is hidden behind an FTP server. He is therefore responsible for uploading and downloading between server and client. Most of the time, an FTP server is used to organize files on a web server.

Web server

Users can save and manage their websites on a web server. They are often supplemented by CMS systems to make them easier for the user to use.

Servers are essential for communicating, retrieving and backing up data over the Internet. With your own server, you acquire a physical device. This also means that it has to be stored and serviced itself. However, as soon as more than three network-compatible devices are operated in a household, a server at home can also be useful for private individuals. The data on the central server can then be accessed from every device. In addition, the network runs more efficiently because the load is primarily based on the server. But what is the best solution when a server is needed? The question: “Rent or buy servers?” Cannot be answered across the board, as every company and every household have different requirements. You can use this blog post to find out which solution is right for you.

Buy your own server

Whether it is worthwhile to buy your own server always depends on the individual situation. So let's take a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of having your own server

Having your own server is particularly advantageous when it comes to server security. Since the data does not have to be handed in or outsourced, full control is retained and sensitive data is protected. Many companies are even contractually obliged to back up their customer data on their own physical servers - so this is a must for them. Another advantage is complete freedom: Since there are no restrictions imposed by the provider, an individual selection of the server software is possible. These adjustments and configurations can lead to better performance of the server. In addition, the server capacity does not have to be shared, so the full performance of the server is available. For large companies in particular, having their own offers many advantages and the opportunity to set up their own data center.

Disadvantages of having your own server

In spite of everything, having your own server also comes with a lot of responsibility: Like any physical device, it has to be looked after and checked for security. In addition, there are running costs and time expenditure due to storage, maintenance, power consumption and cooling. Another disadvantage is the computing power of the server that is specified when purchasing, because extensions are difficult and must be easy to calculate. Many server applications are configured insecurely and must be checked for security measures. The additional security updates to close all security gaps also add to the workload. In order to save your own data, you also need a second server or another storage option for backups. To protect the data from break-ins, hacks or, for example, fire damage, it should be stored in a separate location. It is also your own responsibility to resolve failures, including on public holidays, weekends or at night. Server monitoring software is essential to check whether the server and its services are running properly and can be reached. This multitude of processes should be monitored and carried out by a professional administrator to ensure security and timeliness. Incorrect handling can otherwise have fatal consequences: Security gaps give hackers the opportunity to spread spam or illegal data via the server or even to steal data. The server can also collapse or lose performance due to software that has not been updated. The server owner is liable for these failures or damage.

This extensive effort, the additional costs and the required expertise mean that an own server usually only makes sense for large companies.

Rent a server

Server rental is therefore a good alternative, especially for small and medium-sized companies.

Advantages of a rented server

The advantage is obvious: lower (investment) costs and less time required, because the rent does away with your own storage, security, cooling and maintenance. In addition, the strict security requirements of the provider are met and are also his responsibility. Likewise, the issues of depreciation, residual value and new purchases are not relevant for the customer when renting, as the IT equipment - if so contractually stipulated - is taken back by the lender and replaced with the latest hardware. Those who rely on great flexibility also benefit: the computing power can be adjusted up and down as required. Another advantage is that regular maintenance is not only taken over by the provider. There are also tax advantages, because the purchase price when buying a server has to be written off over years, while the monthly fees are immediately tax deductible. The low cost of renting a server makes the option particularly attractive for companies with little or no IT staff, as no specialist skills are required.

Disadvantages of a rented server

The disadvantages of a rented server are the low level of customization of the server software and the server applications. In addition, the data must be passed on to the server provider. This can be a problem especially for companies if their contractual obligations prohibit the disclosure of sensitive data.

Rent vs. Buy - The Decision

So rent or buy a server? Whichever you choose, both options have their advantages and disadvantages. These should be weighed individually in order to find the optimal solution.

Buying your own server increases the costs and maintenance effort, but it also gives you the freedom to customize it. With a rented server, on the other hand, the high maintenance effort and the high investment costs for the server acquisition are eliminated. The server provider is responsible for data security and server security. However, only standard solutions for applications and software are offered for this. Before renting or buying, you should definitely check whether contractual conditions with customers require special handling of data. The decision should therefore always match the respective requirements. The rule of thumb is as follows: Private individuals as well as small and medium-sized companies should rent servers. Large companies with the necessary resources and the need for their own data center should buy servers.

Do you need support on the subject? Just contact us and we will find the right server solution for you.