Where did Lord Shiva repent?
Why do Hindu gods have multiple organs?
Deities are often depicted with multiple arms, especially when fighting cosmic forces. The variety of weapons underlines the immense power and ability of the deity to perform several acts at the same time. The depiction of a deity in human form but with multiple arms is the artist's attempt to express the deity's superhuman power. Demons are often depicted with multiple heads to convey their superhuman strength as well.
Occasionally a deity is shown with more than one head to describe different aspects of that deity's character.
The multiple arms are supposed to show a difference, but also a greater strength than humans. The number of arms depends on the symbols displayed. So usually there are 4 arms, each holding a different object (with a different meaning). The number can and can, however, vary. For example Lord Ganesha.
The Abhaya Mudra (gesture of fearlessness) on his lower right hand symbolizes Ganesha's blessings and protection on a person's journey through life, especially on the spiritual one. In his upper right hand, Ganesha usually holds an ax with which he is supposed to cut off all attachments.
He pulls the devotee closer to the spiritual path through the rope he carries in his upper left hand.
He offers rewards for fines (sadhana) performed with the modak (type of confectionery, usually made from rice flour and a filling made from jaggery, coconut, etc.). He's holding it in his lower left hand.
You can get 6 or 10 armed Lord Ganesha with other items, each of which has its own meaning. So it depends on the complexity of the message.
Places with a two-armed deity usually (not always) have a legend about the deity that manifests in the area where the temple was built.
Some definitions for this aspect go straight into an ancient Indian mythology, for example:
Brahma originally had a head. From a part of his own body he created a woman Shatarupa. Brahma fell in love with his own feminine creation and could not take his eyes off its extraordinary beauty. Shatarupa was shy and tried to avoid his gaze by moving away from all sides. In order to follow her wherever she went, Brahma created his 5 heads. Four of them to the east, west, north and south and one to the top. (It is said that from the four of his heads four Vedas arose, namely Rigveda, Samveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda and from the top 18 Puranas.)
Then Lord Shiva got angry at this behavior by Brahma and cut off his fifth head upwards. That is why HE was left with four heads.
Quoting from Mythencyclopedia Or for example
In a battle with gods (devtas) Tarakasur collected the most destructive things in Brahmand (universe) and made them a linear weapon. He wanted it to use it on earth to destroy it, to prevent Lord Shiva from establishing the 51 Shakti-Peeths formed from the limbs of Sati who fell to earth to prevent that the devtas get power from there.
When Lord Shiva learned of Tarakasur's plans through his intuition, he picked up or picked up the weapon in the same way as he had done with Poison or Vish at the time of the Great Ocean Churning (Samudra-Manthan). He could very well have thrown the weapon anywhere in the universe, but that would have meant the total destruction of that part of the universe, with the weapon intended for serious destruction.
In order to avoid this destruction, Lord Shiva took her into his body and she formed the 3rd eye, the eye of destruction. From then on it will only be opened by Lord Shiva if he wants to completely destroy someone (e.g. Kamadev, the god of gender) or anything (let's say universe at the end of all 4 yugas).
I have been asked in comments, "Why wasn't Lord Hanuman portrayed like this?" My answer is that Lord Hanuman was also portrayed that way in his hypostasis by Panchamukhi Hanuman.
Here is a picture of Hanuman, his hypostasis from Panchamukhi Hanuman. The photo I took at Jakhoo Temple in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
Panchamukha (Devanagari: पञ्चमुख) (alternatively Panchamukhi) is a Sanskrit word that means "five-faced". Most Hindu deities have multiple faces.
The origin of Sri Panchamukh's Hanuman can be traced back to a story in Ramayana.
During the war between Lord Rama and Ravana. Ravana helped Mahiravana, the king of Pathala. Lord Hanuman made a fortress with his tail to protect Lord Ram and Lakshman. Mahiravana took the form of Vibeeshana and brought Lord Ram and Lakshman to Pathala Loka.
Hanuman entered Pathala Loka in search of Rama and Lakshmana and found that in order to kill Mahiravana he had to put out five lamps (Mahiravana life is in three places, lamps are one of them) that were burning in five different directions at the same time . So he took the Panchamukha form with Hanuman, Hayagriva, Narasimha, Garuda and Varaha faces and turned off the lamps and killed Mahiravana.
According to Hanumath Prakaranam in Sri Vidyarnavatantram, Anjaneya has five faces (Pancha Mukha) and ten weapons. The five faces are those of Lord Hanuman, Lord Narasimha, Lord Adivaraha, Lord Hayagriva, and Lord Garuda. Hanuman is a great yogi (mystic) who has transcended the five senses (Pancha Indriyas).
In Kamba Ramayanam (in Tamil) the meaning of number five is wonderfully narrated as follows: the son of one of the five elements (son of the wind - Pavana Thanaya) crossed one of the five elements (water - ocean) through one of the five elements (sky ) the daughter of one of the five elements (daughter of the earth - Sita Devi) Lanka struck down through one of the five elements (fire). Sundara Kandam, highlighting the exploits of Lord Hanuman in Lanka, is the fifth chant in Ramayana.
Therefore, it is considered beneficial to bypass your idol five times, 14 times, 23 times, 32 times or with those numbers whose digits add up to five. The Pancha Mukha Hanuman is a rare idol of Hanuman.
There are many legends and interpretations about it. The legend Lord Hanuman is said to have appeared in a unique way before Raghavendraswamy and to have brought together the avatars "Varaha, Garuda, Anjaneya, Narasimha and Hayagreeva", i.e. five people, in him. In Panchamukhi on the south bank of the Tungabhadra River near Manchala, now known as Mantralayam, Raghavendraswamy performed penance in a cave for 12 long years.
In recognition of his yoga, Lord Panchamukhi Pranadevaru, Kollahpura Mahalakshmi, Lord Venkateshwara of Tirupati, and Kurmavathara gave him darshan. Then he went to Mantralaya, where he entered samadhi. A temple was built in the place where he performed penance known as Panchamukhi Anjaneyaswamy.
The details of Panchamukaa are: Anjaneya facing east to give Ishta Siddhi to humanity. South facing Karala Ugraveera Narasimha to grant Abhista Siddhi to humanity. Mahaveera Garuda facing west to grant Sakala Sowbhagya to humanity. North facing Lakshmi Varaha to bestow Dhana Prapthi to humanity. Urdhva Mukha is Hayagriva to bestow Sarva Vidya Jaya Prapthi on humanity. The interpretations
There are five ways to pray to the Lord. They are Naman, Smaran, Keerthanam, Yachanam and Arpanam. The five faces show these five shapes. Lord Hanuman was always used to Naman, Smaran and Keerthanam from Lord Sri Rama. He completely surrendered (Arpanam) to his master Sri Ram. He also asked (Yachanam) Sri Rama to bless him with undivided love.
In the Bhagavat Gita, Lord Krishna says to Arjun: "He who acts for me, who is absorbed in me, who is my devotee, who is free from attachment, reaches me." We find all of these 5 qualities anchored in Hanuman. Each of his faces explains the five divine qualifications. Perhaps an artist thought about this before making the Vigraham.
There is a belief that one of the faces is Sri Vinayaka's. The idol of Adyanta Maha Prabhu shows a figure of half Anjaneya and half Vinayaka. Half Ganesha and half Hanuman In the Madya Kailas temple Adyar Madras The idol is an amalgam of Sri Vigneshwara and Sri Anjaneya based on the model of Ardhanareeswara (Shiva and Parvati) and Sri Sankaranarayana (combination of Siva and Narayana).
The word Aadiyantha stands for "beginning to end" (Aadi = beginning & Antha = end). There is a Tamil saying, "Start with Ganesa and end with Anjaneya". Many people visit the temple to receive the blessings of the "twins" against the influence of Navagrahas. The meaning of the idol is that Sri Vigneswara and Sri Anjaneya are the only two deities who are completely free from any influence of the Navagrahas on them.
It is believed that the devotees can and do influence the Navagrahas themselves in proportion to the piety with which the devotees turn to Sri Aadiyanta Prabhu!
This description of Panchamukha comes from a Wikipedia article
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