What is the most economical barn design
Hozblok drawings. This is how you do independently in the hut of the Hozblok: We set up a high-quality worktop. What is Hozblok.
The barn in the hut is one of the most important buildings, often erected by one of the first. It can have another purpose. In the first stages of the construction of the house it serves as a shelter from bad weather and in the future as a place for storing the inventory. If you give with your own hands, you can make different designs and from different materials. However, the simplest and cheapest in construction is a wooden barn. How to build it and how to see it is told in this material.
Optimal shed sizes
The barn in the cabin should be simple in construction and convenient to use. The simplest in construction is a wooden test, which is why most dykes prefer this view. The simplicity of the design offers its quick building and minimal investment. A convenient shed for a tool that has everything on hand, so planning it out properly is important.
The scheme of shing depends heavily on the purpose of use. Depending on the fact that both the size of the shed, as well as the presence of shelves and the layout of storage locations, depend on it.
- Garden tools (Rakes, shovels, forks, etc.). To store this tool, one building is enough to build 1.5 x 1.5 m. You can also install adzentaks or a special memory for SECKER, hacks, etc.
- Garden tools and other materials (Fertilizer, paint, materials for greenhouses and greenhouses, etc.). For these purposes, it will float with dimensions of 1.5 x 2 m. There is enough space for wide shelves to store additional materials.
- Garden tools and parking pads (Lawn mower, trimmer, etc.). To store the entire set of DACHA inventory, a shed width is 1.5 and a length of 2.5 - 3 m.
Design building Saraja.
The most universal building size: width 1.5 m, length 2.5 - 3 m. It is quite spacious, several rows of shelves can be installed, and it remains a place under the lawnmower and other overall tools. Structurally, the block of wood is the construction of a rectangular shape with a roof on one side.
The easiest way to build a barrier on the frame technology. The frame is made of wooden rods, and the facade can be cut with any material, starting with the lining with the siding. The roof can also be covered with any material, most often a professional owl is used for these purposes.
To build a shed can be used from a sequence of 80x80 mm. In this case, the number of racks indicated in the drawing is enough. With a smaller board cross-section, the number of racks must be increased.
A 40x100 mm board can be used for the overlap. For the floor, the professional must also create a clamp with a thickness of 20 to 25 mm.
Basis for Saraj.
Despite the simple construction, the foundation for the shed is necessary. It is important to keep two points in mind. If you set the construction without the foundation on the floor, the footboards will turn very quickly, even if they are pretreated with an antiseptic. If the soil tends to beg and the foundation does not bother below the frozen value, then after winter the design breaks and loses its original appearance.
For a wooden barn made by Frame technology, three types of foundations are well suited: block, stack, and monolithic hearth.
- Block location - easiest in the assembly. The basis of this type is made of concrete blocks. The blocks are installed on a cushion of sand with a step of 1 to 1.5 m around the perimeter. Such a foundation is good for begging on soils with a slight slope. Otherwise, the base blocks may settle after winter, which will lead to the destruction of the structure.
- Stack found Make up your mind with block arrangements and can be applied to floors. Stakes can apply any. One of the simplest options for piles is metal pipes that have cracked 1.5 m into the ground. For a wooden shed measuring 1.5 x 3 m, 6-8 stakes are sufficient, depending on the thickness of the period at the base.
- Monolithic slab The most universal option. It is made of cement-sand mortar that was laid on a sandy pillow. For the dacha, the thickness of the plate is enough 10 cm, and the thickness of the sandy pillow is 15-20 cm. The anchor is used to increase the strength of the furnace. The monolithic slab is easy to create for 1 day without any special equipment. The plate has its advantages, there is no need for floor space. Soil will be the foundation.
Build a shed from the frame technology
Building a shed in framework technology is pretty straightforward. Start from the bottom assembly. For this purpose, 4 bar is installed and glued. Bruks are connected to the poltera. Fix the nails and the self-drawing. If the construction has a width of no more than 1.5 m, then additional is not accepted. If the width is larger, then you need to install additional cross members, otherwise the floor will play.
Next set of vertical racks. In order for the racks to stand exactly, they point in relation to the level and temporarily fixed to the base of the cutting boards. Racks are attached to the base with metal corners. On the installed racks, the beams are fixed, on which rafters will be installed.
After collecting all the vertical racks, installed horizontal intersections. They are required to give rigidity. All elements are attached by means of structural metal corners with self-adjustment. At the same stage, rafters are installed, the window and doors are formed.
This collects the shed frame. The final stage of construction is the attic and the walls of the walls. It is important to take into account that if the block of wood is inflated through siding or trowel then its first wall will be required to sew an OSP or plywood.
Planning the construction of a private house or cottage, it is important to provide in the project the presence of such an important building as a barn. During building pieces, the inventory shopping block will serve as a good shelter, and at the end of all the work it can perform the role of a warehouse or chicken coop, or be a reliable place to store firewood. With various building materials and original projects, this design is quite realistic to install in the land underlay with your own hands.
Dacha life starts not only from home improvement, but also from a household plot. Therefore, in order to provide a convenient placement of things and contain the territory in purity, you will need a garden shed. Before building such a household, the dacket must determine what functions will be performed. If a barn is planned for giving, in which only the tools and garden tools are arranged, then you can build a simple structure without a foundation, with windows and a good roof. In the same case, if the hosts want to keep in IT hay, prepared for winter vegetables and fruits, vehicles and maintenance of a bird, then you need a more robust design.
Since the barn performs a separate building on the property, it must register after all the necessary documents have been drawn up.
The law provides for special standards for the construction of business blocks so that they cannot be built without obtaining permits from sanitary and epidemiological services. In addition, it is worth noting that the capital structures can shade the beds in the next section, which leads to conflict situations. To avoid this, it is necessary to observe the standards for the placement of the barn, for which the distance from its boundaries in front of the passage and the boundary from the road should be at least 5 m. As for the distance inside the site, economic structures can be installed from houses at least 3 m, other buildings - from 1 m, and from trees - by 4 m.
The legislation also states that any landlord cannot violate the rights of neighbors. Therefore, the placement of the shed should be planned so that it does not interfere with others. Blocks without birds and animals are recommended to be installed on domestic and sanitary standards at a distance of 6 m from neighboring areas. Before registering the barn, you must also get permission from Fire Services. For this, the Ministry of Emergency Situations sends an assessment of the scheme and meets the technical characteristics of the object.
After all the documentation is in place, it is safe to begin building and arranging the barn.
Every construction begins with the design, is no exception and installation of the economic unit. As a rule, the Dachas are not only used to store tools and things, but also serve as a separate shower room and bathroom. Depending on the purpose of the shed, the owners must be provided in the future structure of the installation of windows and doors. The simplest design of structures from boards with assembly, but also a lot of possibilities with other building materials. Before making a shed drawing, decide on its size and location.
It is also important to take into account that it will be built by capital or temporarily, which in the future will help avoid all possible dependables. In the sections of the center line, the projectors of the shed of 2 × 3 m and a height of 2.4 m are usually chosen.
Economical option for construction is considered structures from electrical systems, they are installed and easily dismantled during the week. If a constant economic unit is planned, then it is best to give preference to brick buildings. They are durable, long-lasting, but their construction costs are expensive.
In addition, at the construction stage, it is necessary to solve the problem of laying the foundation. The lack of the base can lead to the rapid rotation of the sexes, therefore reducing the life of the barn. If the basement is placed under the barn on the project, then the foundation must be installed. For this purpose, the drawing of the main and subterranean structure is drawn up.
The barn is a simple design, so building it with your own hands is quite realistic. So that the farm building fits harmoniously into the landscape design and is served as a convenient place to accommodate things, Before installing it, you need to correctly think about the layout and make drawings, given the following nuances:
- The building is best placed in the background of the site so that it is not visible from the main entrance to the courtyard.
- The location of the building is chosen so that it does not restrict access to other buildings.
- To protect the design from rain and meltwater, it should be erected at a height.
- Planning options must be considered before construction begins. If the shed is further equipped with a summer kitchen, gaming area or workshop, in this case it is advisable to create two separate entrances.
- If the economic unit acts only as a place to store inventory, then it is enough to poke a small shed of the collapsible view on the site and graze with siding or cleats.
- Planning a design, you should choose a suitable roof type for it. Usually it does a single or double.
- The location of the door and the roof hood should be determined before construction, otherwise the precipitation will be directly above the entrance.
In the event that the area of the site allows, you can build a spacious barn, the layout of which would be not only a spacious storage room, but also a shower with a bathroom. This allows tools, garden tools and shower to be stored on the beds after work.
Depending on the design feature, the shed can be in capital or temporary. Land buildings, which are typically designed to be operated continuously, are typically oriented so that they are oriented so that they are beautifully mounted in the general view of the site and have resemblance to a residential building. Such mini-houses are perfectly decorated with landscaping, since the same building materials are used to finish their walls and roofs as for the main house. The capital bar should be permanent so that it is established for the foundation. In this regard, it is important for this type of building to choose the place correctly, since after installation it will transmit problematically.
The basis for the capital bar is selected taking into account the material of its walls and the type of floor on the site.As a rule, a columnar, finely lit, monolithic and marginal foundation can be used as a reliable base. For the walls, it is an excellent option for them, ventilated concrete blocks are considered easy to lay and have a small weight. In addition, for the exterior finish, many wizards use finish frame technologies, sowing walls decorated with professional flooring, grace or siding.
If a household ledge is being built, then concrete blocks are suitable for it.
The roof of the permanent structures is usually treated with ondulin.This sheet material is in great demand because it has excellent operating properties and is produced in various colors. Traditionally, such types of sarai are built with a toilet or shower.
Dachniks and modular structures with a collapsible appearance are also popular. They are mainly located in small areas or when the construction of a residential building is not completed and the territory continues to level. Temporary sheds are built by the girlfriend asap. Since the design is simple, it obliges itself without resorting to the help of specialists.
The dimensions of the block are selected depending on the number of elements planned in it.Usually it is a small shed about 2 × 2 or 3 × 3 m. Your design makes a frame, allowing wood to be chosen as tails. This allows you to quickly dismantle and assemble. As for interior decoration, the walls are often not covered, since the structure is designed to last for a short time.
How to choose
The main components of a land area are a residential building, garage, gazebo, and of course a barn. These structures are necessary for a comfortable stay outside the city, so they are necessarily included in the planning project area. If the area of the site allows, the economic objects are built separately, but if the place is small they are often united, the construction of the barn. In such situations, it simultaneously combines storage, shower and a small toilet, and the options for attachments with a forest license are also possible. Therefore, it is necessary to choose the layout and design of the barn before starting construction.
The economic structure should be placed so that it is at home, next to the boundary of the site. In order to hide it from neighboring views, it is recommended to carry out cladding with vertical landscaping.
You can also choose the original type of building and install it near the house.The dimensions and appearance of the barn are not only considered when considering the area of the conservation area, but also the overall design.
The easiest option to give is considered to be finished wood blocks with a precast type. They are a monoblock structure made up of a metal frame. The walls of such a barn are trimmed with metal and additionally insulated. Since the electrical wiring is done in the room, the construction can be used as a multifunctional block that includes a place to relax, small storage room, shower and toilet. In addition, in some ready-made models, there is a folding canopy that you can use to install a porch.
Finished sheds are considered an advantage for the land area, they are quick, they are inexpensive, and they take up little space. For the installation of the container design, it is not necessary to lay the foundation, it is enough with monoblocks or a beam base.The only thing to consider is if the purchase of such a model has to connect internal communications: electricity and water collectors with hoses.
The installation of prefabricated structures is carried out with a truck crane.Such sacraments look attractive and fit perfectly into any landscape design. In addition, they are also durable and reliable in operation, and thanks to their mobility, blocks of wood can either be sold after the house is built or transferred to another convenient location.
The frugal scales built from the glass are considered a good option for giving. Use the uncovered board for their installation. The frame is placed on a prepared base. Since the design is light by weight, the foundation is not required for it.
To protect the building from moisture, it is placed on wide bars or wooden pallets. As for the sizes of the barn, it usually takes 2 × 3 m with a 2.5 m high, the frame of the budget barn consists of the bar, which is cut with a mound. The attractiveness of such buildings results in a single table roof and fringed curly plants.
If the owners of the cottages in their property want to see a more modern version of the barn, they need to choose frame structures. They are quick to install, but the main condition for their construction is the manufacture of a solid frame for their quality rod. The external finish of such blocks can be siding, which over time is easily replaced to another material. The roof usually makes a single or with Kaucher, it is covered with bitumen tiles. A pillar foundation is well suited for frame design.
Of course, the choice of the shed for giving is not an easy business, but if you first calculate and create an individual project, even the strictest hospel will become a real decoration of the site. In addition, today there are a lot of design ideas, thanks to which the usual storage room turns out not only for storing things, but also a great area for recreation.
Planning the construction of a household building, it is important to consider the location, size and choice of building materials. Brick sheds are very popular. They are durable, practical, and have a beautiful view.
They are also characterized by defects:
- Brick masonry can not do everything, so often for construction it is necessary to use the services of specialists. And this leads to additional costs.
- Expensive costs. In addition to bricks, it is also necessary to buy gravel, sand and cement. Ultimately, the amount will be quite large.
- Have to organize a construction site. When the household area is small, it creates certain problems and inconveniences.
No inferior by its operational characteristics and woodshed.You assemble quickly and easily from a bar, use MDF, boards or OSB to cover them. The main advantage of such buildings is light weight, low cost and the possibility of assembling them with their own hands. The only disadvantage of wooden structures is the need to constantly process the tree with special protective equipment or paint.
In order for such a structure to look beautiful on the site, it is also necessary to periodically restore it, and this will require additional costs.
Sometimes a boat concrete is chosen for the construction of the shed. In this case, the gas silicate is not recommended to be applied as it quickly absorbs moisture and therefore the structure will serve a short time without high quality finishing. Foam concrete is suitable for HozPostroops, it is easy to lay, it is inexpensive. As its finishing decoration can serve as ordinary plaster of paris. There are practically no minuses with foam block.
In the event that it is planned to install a shed light structure, the perfect choice for it is made of polycarbonate. This material is usually attached to the wooden support frame. The frame usually consists of aluminum profiles or plastic tubes. With the right installation, the shed will run in a couple of days, all the work is done without any help and unnecessary financial expense.
The budget option for the treacherous shed will serve as a professional flooring that will be crushed by the design. It has aesthetic appearance, but in order to extend the life of the structure, it is necessary to worry about protection from moisture. With intense condensate and moisture "iron" it is delayed. In addition, in such a block, the tools and other garden accessories are not recommended for the winter.
If the shed is for temporary use, the girlfriend can build it. Installation in this case is carried out from everything that is at hand: old boards, profiles and slate. After the layout of the site is completed and the residential building is built, such a host is dismantled and installed a permanent object.
How do you?
The summer shed is a simple design, so it's pretty realistic to build with your own hands. The most important thing is to meet everything in gradual and disruptive availability of instruments and materials. Recently, women's structures have enjoyed great demand for dacknips, they can be easily installed with a minimal cost.
Before the construction, the planning plan should take place and acquire the following building materials:
- shaped boards with a cross section of 150 × 50 mm;
- logs with a thickness of 25 mm;
If the work is done by a beginner by a beginner, then the next step by step will help:
- First of all, it is necessary to carefully prepare a plot of land and clean it from garbage and plantings. Then "brick chairs" are set up to protect the lower part of the building, which necessarily places the layer of waterproofing material and axle cover from above.
- The next step is to install racks. Their amount is determined depending on the size of the shed. When installing the racks, step 1.5 m.In the corners of the connections are fixed with nails, and the supports are fixed with temporary soot.
- Then the upper strapping and the angles are fixed "in the bottom of the tree". All strapping and racks are fixed with nails at least 200 mm long. At the same time, it is necessary to draw attention to the fact that the ends of the outline are made from the back and front of the barn by 20-30 cm. It is installed on the upper strapping, which is covered with a rubber oid and is slate.
- Next, the permanent wounds and beams with a section of 50 × 50 mm are mounted. They should be placed diagonally on corner posts. In a place where the doors will be installed, additionally enter the rack and mount a blower on it. The door frame is inserted into the prepared opening, after which the panels are sewn onto the stands. In this case, if the boards are smooth, they are placed close to each other, the unimagined boards are best to take turns feeding.
- Walls of cards are covered outside of the rubber oid, it protects them from the negative effects of the external environment. Ruberoid should be chopped so that its top edges go over the lower ones.
- The final stage of the job will show up on the lower strapping floor bottom floor. Unhook the door itself and attach the lock.
This instruction concerns the construction of a wooden barn for temporary use. If there is a plan to install a permanent design, the first thing you need to do is lay a solid foundation, make a frame and strip with any building material. For hosts not only performed by the role of the pantry, it is also necessary to achieve the interior finish.
Arrangement for agreement
Garden shed has a different functionality, so it can be equipped in different ways. The most popular form of finishing for economical blocks is considered to be facing. It is possible to display a barn this way if it is designed to store the shovel, firewood, and other inventory, but if the souls are assembled in the hotel, the walls of the tree won't be the best idea. To solve a similar problem, the plasterboard division is erected first, which continues to have inexpensive cafes.
An important issue in the layout of the shed is the installation of all communications, including the installation of lighting. For subsidiaries who want to use the construction as a workshop, it is necessary to provide for the availability of spacious lockers and shelves. The spacious sheds are often given a place to store vehicles, in which case a more concrete descent should be made to facilitate entry near the entrance gate. In addition, the block of wood should be provided by a canopy, which will serve as an excellent storage target.
Recently, most of the city dwellers are trying to spend their free time in the country's Dacha. Therefore, the house should not only be comfortable for life, but also have a corresponding appearance that underlines the beauty of nature. This applies to both a residential building and all commercial buildings. If you're originally moving into a barn, the Pantry Dusty and Tools are easily converted into an attractive "space".
Creating the design of the wood blocks is required from their placement on the site. If the area allows, it is best to create spacious objects with a similar style and finishing as residential buildings.
Such a combination fits harmoniously into the landscape of the household area.In the case when the cottage is small, you can install neat structures by decorating its walls with fixing devices. So they will be invisible and originally merged with other plantations.
The color of the shed surfaces should be chosen based on the size and the prevailing palette on the site. For small cottages, it is best to choose light shades, they will help visually expand the space. In addition, on a white or pastel background of the walls, it is possible to make a decorative painting, which will give the building a fabulous look. In order to preserve the original design of the barn, it is desirable to use several types of building materials if it is desirable. For example, the combinations of wood, brick, and metal are unusual.
- To date there have been many projects for building a barn, but interesting options for the Dacnis are very popular with Dacnis, allowing them to make something original from the usual pantry. In the independence of the size and design of the adaptation, it is necessary to be extracted with the help of curly plants or a KAP with flowers. This is how a small barn with a canopy and wooden wood turns into a beautiful mini greenhouse.
- Recently, most Dacha owners are replacing the ordinary shed in large buildings complemented by windows and doors. Thanks to this, a spacious and bright room is obtained, in which you can not only load garden tools, but also relax. The windows in this case are recommended to be installed from the plastic, and the walls of the walls to be carried out with colored professional flooring. A good solution will be a small rolling office or a shed library where you can enjoy coffee and read books in the morning, with electrical outlets, fresh interiors and smart design.
It is difficult to introduce a country house or a country house without farm buildings. Garden tools, summer swings, hammocks and folding furniture can be found in the shed; you can also deposit farm animals, birds, hay and fodder here. As a rule, economic buildings are built from these materials, which remained after the house was built. The owner only remains to choose a drawing of the shed to decide on its size and roof design.
The optimal size of the surviving commercial building is 3 x 6 meters. This area is also sufficient for building a summer soul and toilet inside the den, and you can also arrange a summer kitchen here.
You can make a drawing of a shed in the photo on the internet or step with your original barn and then transfer the idea from paper. It is not recommended to build even the simplest buildings without a drawing. After all, all sizes and inconsistencies are visible on paper.
The roofs of Sarai are mostly sparse. Flat roof delays Too much precipitation, snow masses, requires careful waterproofing. The roofs of the complex shape are considered inappropriate for SARAI, as this building is not designed not to decorate the location, but to serve in economic needs.
Single roofs is the optimal solution for the shed. Unlike a two-binding, there is no need to upgrade the skate, you need twice as few rafters. To collect a one-piece roof is easier, and the precipitation and snow from it goes very quickly, no threatening waterproofing.
Important! The angle of inclination of a single table roof should be more than 18 degrees. Such a skate makes it possible to let the precipitation free, leave the roof freely, protect the building from wind and cold.
The optimal value of the rope roof angle is 18-25 degrees.
The walls of the farm building can be erected absolutely from any material, it can be:
- foam concrete or aerated concrete;
- plywood or MDF mounted on a wooden frame (Bauart-Frame).
Cast from blocks of foam
If it is necessary to buy the materials for the construction of the shed, then it is better to stop your choice on foam concrete. Porous blocks have many advantages over other building materials:
- do not burn;
- do not absorb moisture;
- have little weight;
- there are several sizes from which it is easy to choose the best option for a small building.
- have higher strength and heat capacity than the brick;
- the air can't pass worse than wooden walls;
- absolutely safe and non-toxic.
Despite the lightness of the foam blocks, it is necessary to build a foundation for a barn. Given the size of the construction (3x6) and the weight of the structures, it is better to choose the basis of the type of tape. With sustainable, dry floors, dry floors fit into the beam base.
The ribbon foundation for a small farm building is poured to a depth of about 40-60 cm, while it is necessary to take into account the depth of the soil in winter in the winter time.
The land on the selected area is cleaned of garbage, roots and vegetation. Do the shed perimeter markup, dig a trench for a tape base.
At the bottom of the trench, the "pillows" of sand, rubble and gravel are thoroughly tamped. Now it is necessary to fix the formwork for the foundation from old boards, plywood or slate. Metal reinforcements are installed in the boxes, which should strengthen the foundation.
Poured concrete. In several places they pierce a metal pin solution, eliminating the base of excess air. Now you need to leave the foundation for several weeks so that the concrete can acquire the necessary strength.
When the concrete is dry, you can start building the walls. First lay out the lower belt.
Attention! Blocks or bricks of the bottom row must be placed on a layer of waterproofing. The ribbon foundation is covered with a layer of rubber or mastic with bitumen mastic so that the moisture from the concrete does not fall onto the walls of the barn.
In accordance with the drawing, the buildings lay out the walls, windows and doors. The box of economical construction from foam blocks is ready.
Potted from wood
Much more often it turns out that the owner has scraps of wood, and he makes decisions about building a shed from a tree. For such a job, at least a minimal level of room knowledge is required, as you will have to work with a saw and with an airplane.
The construction of wood weighs quite a bit, a pillar foundation can be used as a foundation. There is also on the property that carries the scope of the future construction to the ground.
In the corners of the shed installation pillars. There should be some more supports in the middle of the rectangle. The distance between the beams is 80-120 cm (depending on the size of the shed and the type of soil on the site).
The depth of the beam depends on the amount of freezing of the ground in the construction area, on average it is 40-60 cm. After the trenches are dug or drilled, a wooden formwork is installed in them, a sandy gravel "pillow", a sandy gravel falls asleep, the metal fittings are stacked.
Now it is necessary to pour concrete. After 5-6 days, when the foundation freezes, you can dismantle the formwork and start building walls.
To begin with you need to make out the lower casing of the construction from the bar. Before laying wood, the support of the foundation is covered with a double layer of rubber oid. In the corners the wood is connected with metal brackets, check for level.
Install vertical supports in the corners of the shed, be sure to check with the level. Fixed by their temporary struts. Taking into account the door and window openings, the entire frame of the barcass is collected from wooden sticks.
Your summer cottage is the place of your comfort. So that this comfort offers considerable strength and, of course, a suitable tool. Surely many of you work in the garden or in our own garden. It is necessary to serve the territory of different sizes in each of the seasons. Hence, the question naturally arises as to where is still the tool and all kinds of equipment kept? It is possible to solve these shortcomings with the help of the construction of a special building designed for this, namely a barn for giving.
There are a large number of ways to implement this building. Depending on your needs and planned economic costs, the type of terrain and soil, the barn can be assembled from various materials and carry out an extension of a residential house or a separate design. Decide on the material before construction, as scales can be made from different materials. Possible versions are discussed below.
Made of plastic from the plastic
Very easy in terms of organization. The complete installation takes a few hours. Plastic scraps for giving can only be used to store devices and tools in a certain time of the season (storage in the cold season is not suitable). Despite all the positive parties, there are several nuances - the option is quite expensive and not permanent.
A more practical version of the shed, due to the fact that the material is permanent and, in turn, is light, which allows you to build during off-peak hours. In such a barn, you can fix the shelves or mount the hooks, designed for a small weight. In addition, such a barn has an attractive aesthetic appearance that allows it to fit into almost any country interior. When building your repository from the DPK, take care of ventilation - its correct implementation provides the long-term service of the structure itself.Made of wood-polymer composite
From blocks or bricks
Erecting a shed of bricks in the country with their own hands - a significant guarantee of long service. This is a powerful option that cannot be affected by weather and atmospheric precipitation. Installation, subject to his own work, requires certain skills and knowledge related to the construction of the walls and filling of the foundation. In addition, it is an expensive option. In view of the above, think about the place of construction law, without skills, use the services of specialists.
Cast from bricks
Cast from blocks of foam
Wooden barn for giving is the easiest way of organizing and the most economical. If so desired, do not require the installation of the foundation, but can earn Rubkeroid. An uncut panel is hindered on the support rods after the roof is installed, that's all. This option is incredible enough and is used on almost every Dacha.Made from uncut board
Before building a barn in your own hands, you need to spend several preliminary operations. To begin with, draw up the plan of your barn, given all the surrounding buildings and plantations. The location of the barn must be practical, access to it must be the most convenient with almost any point of the site (this is necessary in the case when you need to quickly remove the tool or firewood due to unforeseen rainfall).
Try to choose a place to take into account the presence of sewer pipes, cables (electrical, underground seal), toilet (street), and, where possible, that you erect your shed.Simple shed plan
Make the plan yourself, take into account:
- SHAD size and its location on the website;
- Dimensions of windows and doors, their place of installation;
- A place where the ventilation will be;
- The drainage system.
Basis for the frame shed
In order to give a barn with your own hands, the first stage from its creation - the foundation should be erected. To choose the type of foundation required for a particular barn, you need to opt for the view of the latter. Given the low weight of the construction of the frame, the pillar foundation is suitable.
The process of installing the foundation can be divided into several sequential actions:Foundation columnar
To carry out the lower strapping, it is necessary to support a wide cross-section (100x100 mm in the presence of 15 supporting columns, and if there are 9, the thickness 150x150 mm should be opened), as well as boards for the floor floors (thickness of about 40 mm ).
Do not forget to make all the wooden parts of the structure with a special antiseptic material with additives for refractory preprocessing. The heads themselves are covered with rubkeroid (preferably a double layer glued with bitumen).
Drink bars to give them the length they need. At the end of the bar that has cut half its thickness, which is necessary for the connection with the next bar.
Sawing brown on the ends in half to connect to another end of a bar
After a drill we make holes (the diameter of each 20 mm) and in them, in which we are mounted braided for each connection.
Installation of vertical supports
For the organization of racks, bars of different lengths are required (3 m - for the front wall and 2.2 m - for the rear). First try each wooden support (rack from the bar) to the place of its future assembly. From the end side we drill a hole (0.2-0.22 cm). Next, the wood must be placed on a heater and held in place.
The bracket can be carried out with the help of metal from the metal screwed with self-tapping screws.
To give greater strength, perform additional fixation by installing the panels. All items should be standing smoothly. In addition, it is also necessary to know the minimum number of vertical racks (for example, for a shed 3x6 m, for example, their amount, six). The total number of brusons in this case is exactly 13 (five pieces of different lengths for the front and back walls and three beams for the central installation).
We prepare 2 pieces of wood and at the ends of each cut half of the thickness, as previously described (this method of fastening is called "in Polterev"). The length of BRUSTEV is 6 meters each. We take a staircase or goat and assemble the joists to mount the joists and secure them with corners and screws.Top strapping - cross bars
Installation of the floor
Quite a simple operation - the boards of the desired length are screwed to delays using self-tapping screws (do not forget to create carpets in the right places).
If you want to store more powerful than standard equipment, then you may need a concrete floor - you can do it after organizing a cushion of sand and covering it with a layer of waterproofing. After the reinforcement is attached and the molding itself is created with subsequent alignment.
Treat concrete after a special impregnation if you do not want to be absorbed by different liquids.
Organization of Stropil.
To make rafters, you need to know their length. To do this, we carry out the necessary measurements and calculations, taking into account the 20 cm permit required for the future canopy. The billing takes place on the back wall of the construction and on its facade. The total number of rafters is equal to 12 (thickness is 40 mm). It is recommended to carry out a qualitatively one dry one and the rest in its analogy. In addition to the above, it is necessary to fix something reliably on the roof.
Each of the sprouts is attached to the laid site, followed by a 20 cm nail rating.
The following dimensions are required for assembly - 25x150 mm, the length is six meters. To the pre-assembled rafters with nails, attach the boards (the distance between them should be 15 cm). Then between the last rafters and the beams from the upper strapping of the diagonal drill of self-aiming the screws of the dripstick.
To protect the shelter from the wind, it is enough just to target those who face the wall facing the wall, part of the rafters. The cover is made from the wood overlap from the bottom and the side. For the final stage of the roof, light materials are selected for the floor, a bright example is a metal tile or professional flooring.
The order of laying is the following - on the crate with waterproofing (usually reference). After the right edge, a metal tile moves to the center. Ontulin must hang 5-6 cm from each edge. The fixation is done with nails, which are achieved through the tile in the board.
Apply sewing walls to be required with OSB. Of course, do not forget to make doors and windows in the necessary places. The fastening of the OSB is made with brusons and self-tapping screws. The distance between each of the slotted screws should be about 30 cm, and the distance from the edge of the OSB sheet is about 10 cm. Don't forget to leave the 0.3-0.5 cm gap.
After a complete design of the design, we make a brass of windproof material, and after attaching thin rails that will form the appropriate cells for laying Minvati. Mineral wool is necessary for warming the barn, which allows you to take advantage of the construction at any time of the year. For fun trust in Minvati, put on the moisture barrier and we'll be left out by boards. If there is a cover with a cover, we need to pre-install thin rails that are used to provide ventilation.
Inside, the walls are separated at the host's request and taste. This type of shed is quite durable and will serve you for a very long time subject to the instructions above.
Check out the video on building a sheder bar.
The location of the foam block is permanent, although it can cause undesirable economic losses. This adds great value to the material, but foam blocks are permanent and easy to install.Building a barn from foam blocks
Building such a barn can be carried out in several stages:
- Prepare a floor for the future concrete. Remove the grass, garbage, cut the soil to half a meter.
- Pour the foundation (ribbon type), give a solution for frozen ones (spend filling the sunny weather, and follow the concrete to do with water at the moment you want).
- Put the Runderoid on the finished foundation (for more moisture resistance).
- Mix the solution for fixing foam blocks (cement and sand in a ratio of 1 to 4).
- Put foam blocks, have brackets previously assembled. When installing, we observe the level, all horizontal and vertical erections must be strictly perpendicular. Leave the openings for windows and doors in planned locations.
- Make roof. To do this, almost any roofing material is suitable for greater aesthetics, use a two-bundle overlap version.
- The latter steps are mounted doors and windows, we walk on the floor.
- We finish the walls outside and inside (outside the -structure, inside and inside - we carry plasterboard).
A certain experience and knowledge is required to make this building. If they are lacking, contact construction companies for help.
Do you own a landing page? If so, then you know it's easy to do in the country without a block of wood (or a barn). You can store useful materials, various tools, agricultural implements and garden items in it. This is the building you want and if you don't have it then you can think about it. In addition, you can build a hospel for giving with your own hands, just as much difficulty and special skills are not required. We recommend exploring the material that will help you build a barn from start to finish.
Stage 1: Design
Wood block drawing for making
Creating a block of wood can help you solve several tasks:
- the room serves as a workshop and storage for tools and technology;
- the building can have additional zones such as shower and toilet;
- not only can it be equipped with a bathroom, but it can also be a place to relax - a room with nothing but upholstered furniture and amenities.
All of this can be achieved through planning. The shed can be any of the three types of buildings listed above and can include anything. It all depends on your needs and desires.
Don't assume that the shed should be inconspicuous and ugly. You don't have to undertake a task to get it done with minimal effort. Thanks to the efforts and works, you can make a wonderful block of wood that will not give up the beauty and functionality of your summer house.
Make drawings, think about the size you need, height and number of compartments. Also, remember that it must meet such criteria:
Hozbloki from Bruus.
You will not spend a lot of money building such a lotment, choosing material to stop on a wooden pole. This is the most common and suitable material. For example, the buildings from the ordinary board will not last long. The hozblok on the foundation with a frame of a bar responds to all requirements and will serve you for many years.
If you can't figure out your cabinet's project, use the worldwide web. Especially for those who don't know how to create projects, people show ready-made drawings. They can be downloaded for free or purchased for a symbolic amount.
To make a Hozble, prepare such tools and materials:
- ax, shovel, screwdriver, hacksaw, electric drill with drill, planer;
- bars, sheving boards, metal anchors;
- finishing material for roof and walls, trim panels, thermal insulation (if necessary).
Stage 2: making material
To make a block of wood, the dimensions of which are 6 m long, 3 m wide and 3 m high with a one-sided roof and two interior spaces, you need to make such materials:
- plywood - 28 m2;
- ruberoid - 28 m2;
- bar 150 × 150 mm - 0.65 m3;
- beam 150 × 100 mm - 0.37 m3;
- bar 100 × 100 mm - 1.2 m3;
- bar 50 × 100 mm - 0.15 m3;
- angular board 30 mm - 2.2 m3;
- flooring slab 40 mm - 0.37 m3;
- asbestos cement pipe Ø 150 mm - 6 pieces. 1200 mm;
- gravel, sand, cement;
- anchor - Ø 10 mm, 350 mm long, 4 pieces.
This preparatory work has been completed. The next step is the right location of your hotel.
Stage 3: Select Place
Planning a state area
In any case, to build your own block of wood, you don't need any special deposits of money. However, be prepared for the fact that the building process is taking up your time and effort. To get a job faster, seek help from households or neighbors. However, immediately before construction, you need to choose where to place the shed so that it is convenient and submitted to the requirements.Building norms and rules (Snip) at 02/30/97 points say:
- if pets contain pets, are birds or it will serve as a toilet, it is necessary to place it at a distance of 12 m from the walls of a residential building and 4 m from the border of the neighboring section;
- if it is used as a shower cabin, then it is necessary to put it at a distance of 8 m from the residential building and 1 m from the edge of the neighbors.
If you spread such requests, you could face serious problems trying to sell your site. In this case, the state refuses to carry out a sales transaction in buildings until their placement meets the standards operating in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Choosing an optimal location smoothly moved us to the main question, how to build a hospen in the hut. Let's find out.
Stage 4: place the foundation
Pillar foundation from the inside
Our goal is to build a building 6 × 3 × 3 m. Since the construction of a special load of the foundation is not produced, it can be made from columns. To make it easier for you, we're dividing all of the work into separate stages.
In this work on the installation of the foundation is completed.
Stage 5: assembly and assembly of woodwork (frame)
Assembly and installation of woodwork
The frame must be collected from the BRUREV, the cross section of which is 150 × 150 mm, its size is 6 × 3 m. It is a frame of four sections, the size of 1.5 × 3 m.Brux, which form a frame is connected together with the "hardwood" rods. It is necessary to fix them with special two (if the frame is installed on the anchor) or four (if installed on the reinforcement) for wood screws. To install the frame on the foundation, the openings should be made under the protruding connections or anchors.
To ensure a seal on the pillars, it is necessary to put 1-2 layers of the rubber oid so that its edges run out by 10 cm. You must be drunk so that water flows and does not collect under the wooden pole. Before laying the frame on the foundation, the wood should be covered with an antiseptic - apply at least 2 layers of Olifa. The frame is then installed and attached to the foundation. Due to the length of the frame, you need to install three delays "in the curtain" from a rod 100 × 100 mm with a step of 135 cm.
Level 6: Economic blouse tailcoat
To build a frame we need wooden rods with a cross section of 100 × 100 mm and 100 × 150 mm. For the convenience of further roofing, you need a skelethy bar of different heights. The front of the frame is 3 m high and the back is 2.4 m, so you can easily install rafters for a single roof.
Assembly of the end frameFirst of all, you need to assemble the same end walls. Each of them opens to the window. The rack frame is mounted vertically with galvanized steel corners, measuring 130 × 10 mm or 105 × 90 mm and screws. First you need to put an angle bar, the height of which is 3 m, and the cross section is 150 × 100 mm, the narrow side to the end. To do this, it is necessary to pass the bottom of the Ø10mm hole in it and a 50mm deep to put the rod on the reinforcement that protrudes from the frame. The same holes need to be made in the other three angle bars. After retreating 1 m from the angle, you need to fix the other two beams, the cross section of which is 100 × 100 mm, and the length is 2.4 m, the distance between them should be 0.6 m. The latter on the end wall will be an angle piece of wood that sits on top of the reinforcement. Its height is 2.4 m and the cross section is 150 × 100 mm. All racks are attached to corners. This makes the design strong and rigid, shown between 1 and 2, 3 and 4, the cross-section of which is 100 × 100 mm. To do this, the ends of the secondary ducts must be cut off at an angle of 45 ° and attached to the frames and racks with a screwed connection. Before tightening the nuts, don't forget to put the puck. Between 2 and 3 you need to insert window stands, the cross section of which is 100 × 50 mm. The first Reituel is installed at a height of 1 m from the frame, the second at 1 m from the first. The second end frame must be collected in the same way. As a result, you should turn out like in the picture.
Assembling the face frameNow it's time to collect the face frame. Place the main shelves at a height of 3 m. There should be four of them, two of which are already in the corners. It remains to install two medium racks. Extreme racks require you to retract 1.8 m and fix them. To keep them from walking, they connect their boards to nails or self-tapping screws for a while. Since the host is divided into two separate sections, you need to make the window opening in the middle and doors on the sides. The door frame is 2 m high, and the width is 0.85 m, so take a rack 2.4 m high, with a cross section of 100 × 100 mm and show it at a distance of 0.85 m from the extreme rack. Do the same against it. To strengthen the design between 2 and 3 racks, set the diagonal indications. Do the same against it. Next, you need to install window shelves. Again, take a RAM 2.4 m high with a section of 100 × 100 mm and secure it at a distance of 0.37 m from the third rack (the height of which 3 m). Then pull back 0.85 m from the installed rack and insert the second, exactly the same. It only remains to insert horizontal rigging. The first fix at a height of 0.8 m from the frame, the second 1 m from the first. Now the face side is done, you should get off on the picture.
Top strappingNow do the back facade. Since the angle bars are already in place with a height of 2.4 m, it remains to place 2 intermediate products with the same height and a cross section of 150 × 100 mm. The step from the end frame is 1.8 m. After that, install two collections between 1 and 2 stands and 3 and 4.
It remains to create the upper strapping, for which the wood 100 × 50 mm will be needed. It is necessary to mount it at a height of 2 m from the frame (frame). To do this, the segments of the bar need to be consolidated vertically around the perimeter between all the stands. It is necessary to connect them to socket, fix the reinforced steel corner and screws. As a result, you should turn out such a wooden frame, as in the picture on the right.
Level 7: assembly rafters
Fortress Robber and Doom
Collecting rafters is more convenient and easier on earth. It turns out that you are going to mount them on the frame shelves in the finished form. In order for the roof to be with a visor that goes around the perimeter, take a rafter 5 m long with a cross section of 100 × 50 mm. When you join them together there is a cutting cut of 30mm boards. The rafters are laid in steps of 0.85 m. The box is not necessarily firmly attached to one another. It all depends on the roofing material. If its mass is small, the distance can be greater, if large - the boards are stacked tightly.
To install the roof in the racks on which it will rely, you need to cut the grooves at an angle of 10 °. Why 10 °? Because the difference in height between the front and rear uprights creates that particular angle. Before installing the roof, you need to sew its overhangs and cuttings with a board of 30 mm. After that, do the floor with a sex. You can use both nails and self-tapping screws. Make holes in the racks under the threaded screw. In order for the finished roof to rise, you can use delays, which must be behind the building. In this way, the design on the upper floor is raised, the rafters are installed in the grooves on the racks, and everything is fixed with self-entries.
Level 8: conditioning and internal work
Now that the frame is completely ready, it remains to do an external trim. The feed is suitable for this purpose. Then you need to level the roof coating that you choose, paste the windows and install the doors. To separate the two sections within the wood block, make a frame shield partition with the connection to the trust connection. Fibreboard or plywood is trimmed from the ceiling of the building (fixing material must be screwed). Optionally, you can protect the base with an asbestos-cement sheet. And when it is finished from the inside and outside, it fills the space through claympsite, it can be insulated with mineral wool or foam. Then the building will be much warmer, which allows it not only as a warehouse.
Check out the video on how to independently create a barn to give:
This video shows the construction of a block of wood from a tree:
Manufacture of wood block.
Shed in the land
Hozblok with toilet for cottage
There is a separation for firewood
Hozblok with space
Horzblok in the country
The structure of foam blocks
Hozblok for Dacha.
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