What is the capital of Pennsylvania 1

Philadelphia - The largest city in Pennsylvania

Philadelphia in the southeastern state of Pennsylvania is known as the "Birthplace of Nation". The 1st Continental Congress met here (1774), the independence of the United States was declared when the Liberty Bell was rung (1776) and the 1st Constitution was passed (1787). The first US government (1790-1799) was also based in Philadelphia.

Table of Contents
Tickets for attractions and activities | Shopping | Transportation | Hotels, Apartments and Vacation Rentals | Climate and Weather | Main sights


The city has lost its political importance, but with 1.6 million inhabitants in the urban area it is still an important metropolis as an economic and cultural center. In addition to numerous historical buildings, memorials and museums, there is well-kept colonial architecture. Modern skyscrapers harmonize with historic districts. The historical city center is a generous facility planned according to the checkerboard pattern.

According to the plan by William Penn and Thomas Holme, a square with City Hall was to form the center of the city between Delaware and Schuylkill River, and an axis cross of four main roads should divide the center into four quarters. This axis system received two more diagonals (Benjamin Franklin Parkway and Ridge Avenue) in the 19th century.

The name is inextricably linked with Philadelphia Benjamin Franklin, whose birth in 2006 was exactly 300 years ago. Further details on his person at http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin. Ronald D. Gerste describes it in January 2006 in the "Zeit" in the article "Let's try it - From the lightning rod to the American revolution".

Tickets for attractions and activities

Tickets for attractions and activities in the USA can be found at www.getyourguide.de.

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The main shopping area in downtown ranges from 8th to 18th Street, Market, Chestnut and Walnut Streets. “Meet me at the eagle” is a winged word in Phialdelphia and refers to the bronze bird of the Lord & Taylor Department Storepopular meeting point (13th St and Market St.). The department store also has a multi-story organ with daily concerts. Further east on Market Street is the modern shopping mall Fashion Outlets Philadelphia (website), Ninth and Market Street. Opposite the Liberty Bell on Independence Mall is the Bourse, a former commodity exchange from the 19th century with a hall that extends over 6 floors. Today there are shops, restaurants and offices here. The food court offers good food. China Town Mall, 143 North 11th St., offers oriental products and food. Italian Market along 9th Street from Christian St. to Dickinson Ave. has fresh products such as pasta and spices, but also clothes.

Other larger shopping opportunities outside the city center:

  • Franklin Mills, 1455 Franklin Mills Circle, on I-95, approximately 15 miles north of town
    Huge shopping center with mile-long shopping arcades, direct sales from the manufacturer
  • Cherry Hill Mall, Route 73, Cherry Hill, NJ 08002
  • King of Prussia, Route 202 at Mall Boulevard
    One of the largest malls on the east coast.
  • Monk’s Cafe & Beer Emporium
    Monk’s Cafe in Philadelphia has 200 types of beer. In the restaurant there are recommendations as to which beer goes with which dish.

Two daily newspapers appear in Philadelphia: the Philadelphia Inquirer in the morning and on Sunday, on Friday with an event section on the weekend; Daily news in the afternoon.

Means of transport

Because of Lack of parking space if a car should not be used in the city center, parking tickets are distributed quickly.

Local public transport with Buses, underground and suburban trains is operated by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA). There is a uniform fare, a change (transfer) costs a surcharge. There are no change (exact change is required)! Unlimited travel is possible with day tickets (Daypass). The most interesting route for visitors is the Route 76 Ben Franklin from Independence National Historical Park Center on 3rd and Chestnut St. along Market St. to City Hall, Benjamn Franklin Parkway to the Museum of Art and back. Also the Route 42 Consider Chestnut St. Transitway between 2nd and 17th St. and on through Walnut St. through west Philadelphia.

Greyhound Lines Inc. serves the bus terminal on 10th and Filbert Streets (tel. 800-231-2222). The New Jersey Transit Buses also run to southern New Jersey and the coast from here (Tel. 215-569-3752). Amtrak trains service the main 30th Street Station, 30th Street and Market Streets, and North Philadelphia Stations, Broad Street and Glenwood Avenue. To get to the city center, get off at 30th Street Station. Amtrak information phone number 215-824-1600.

Philadelphia International Airport (website) is approximately 10 km (6.5 miles) from the business district and is accessible via Interstate 76 (Schuykill Expressway) and SR 291 (Penrose Avenue). SEPTA`s Airport Rail Line connects the airport every half hour from 6 a.m. to midnight with Market Street East Station, Suburban Station and 30th Street Station.

Hotels, apartments and holiday homes

For hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in the United States, visit www.booking.com.


Climate and Weather

The climate in Phialdelphia is fluctuating, the weather can change very quickly. The summers are hot and sticky, the winters cold. Sudden thunderstorms are possible in summer. Snow in winter does not usually stay long. Spring and autumn are usually perceived as pleasant. Spring is rainy, autumn is sometimes quite cool, but Indian summer can also offer warm temperatures well into October.

Main sights

On the Constitutional Walking Tour, those interested can explore Philadelphia on foot, where America began. The tour takes in 30 attractions in the city.

Betsy Ross House, 239 Arch Street (between Second and Third Streets)
Admission: $ 2 for adults, $ 1 per child (suggested donation). In this house, just two blocks from the U.S. Mint away, Betsy Ross and her husband John lived as renters from 1773 to 1786. According to tradition, Betsy Ross sewed the first US flag here. Exhibitions tell of their life and the history of the "Old Glory". Every year on June 14th at 12 noon the Flag Day Ceremonies instead of.

Carpenters ’Hall, 320 Chestnut Street (between Third and Fourth Streets)
That built in 1770 House of the carpenter's guild was the venue for the 1st Continental Congress in September 1774. In 1775, the 2nd Continental Congress moved its sessions to the larger Pennsylvania State House (now Independence Hall). The Carpenter`s Hall was still used by political groups and a history museum was set up in the middle of the 19th century. During the Revolutionary War, it served as a hospital and arsenal for the American troops. The building still belongs to the carpenters' guild today.

Christ Church, 2nd Street above Market Street
Christ Church, built from 1727 to 1754 according to plans by the architect Klarsley, is one of the oldest churches in the USA, built in the reign of George II. Many founding fathers attended services here (Benjamin Franklin, Francis Hopkinson, Robert Morris, George Washington). The church still serves the Protestant Episcopal Church today. The nearby cemetery is the resting place of the politician, writer and scientist Benjamin Franklin. Five signatories of the Declaration of Independence are also buried here.

Edgar Allen Poe National Historic Site, 532 North Seventh St.
From 1838 to 1844 Poe lived in this house and wrote some of his well-known works ("Murders in the Rue Morgue", "The Pit and the Pendulum"., "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Cask of Amontillado"). The property consists of three buildings and a park area and is looked after by the National Park Service. The house can be visited as part of a tour, but it is not furnished as nothing is known about the whereabouts of Poe's original furniture. There are exhibitions on Poe's life and a sound-slide presentation.

Elfreth’s Alley, on Second Street between Arch and Race Streets
Admission $ 2 for adults, $ 1 for children, $ 5 per family. The 1.80 m narrow alley with its restored houses, the oldest of which were built around 1690, is the oldest colonial-era residential street of the USA. Most of the 33 buildings are still privately owned today. Several buildings are only open to the public on the first weekend in June and December. Only numbers 124 and 126 are open for the rest of the year. The Elfreth`s Alley Museum offers guided tours, has a garden and of course a gift shop.

Independence Hall, Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets
Free entry, only accessible through tours. The Independence Hall is the most important national heritage site in the USA and was established in 1732 as the seat of government for Pennsylvania. From 1775 to 1783 it served as the venue for the Continental Congress, and in 1776 the Declaration of Independence was passed in the Assembly Room. The adoption of the US Constitution by the Federal Constitution Convention took place here in 1787. The building has been restored in recent years, the conference rooms inside have been restored down to the smallest detail according to the historical model. In front of Independence Hall is the statue of George Washington, 1869 by J.A. Bailly created. Tickets to visit Independence Hall is in the Ticket Booth directly across from the building on Chestnut Street. Up to 6 tickets can be reserved in advance using the National Park Service reservation system. The television series "Treasures of the World - Heritage of Humanity" is about the Independence Hall in Philadelphia. The 15-minute film is also available online: http://www.schaetze-der-welt.de/denkmal.php?id=269.

Liberty Bell, Market Street between 5th and 6th Streets
The Freedom bell was housed in a glass pavilion on the lawn across from Independence Hall. Since October 9, 2003, it has been presented in the New Liberty Bell Center. The Liberty Bell is considered a national relic, as it rang when the Declaration of Independence was first read out in 1776. In 1846 a thin crack worsened the sound of the bell. It was fixed and rang for George Washington's birthday parties. However, thin cracks appeared again, so that the bell was no longer used. After someone approached her with a hammer, safety regulations for visitors have been tightened.

National Constitution Center, 525 Arch Street, Independence Mall
Admission $ 6, children $ 5. The first museum in the USA that is exclusively dedicated to the US Constitution. It is in Independence National Historic Park just blocks from Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell. Only opened on July 4, 2003, the museum is state-of-the-art in presentation technology and is therefore interactive in many parts.

Penn’s Landing, Columbus Avenue between South and Vine Streets
Entry depending on events. Here sat William Penn, the founder of the city of Philadelphia, set foot on land for the first time. The river bank of the old port has been redesigned into a riverside park and a local recreation area. Start here Harbor tours and there are still some maneuverable wooden sailing ships. The oldest sailing ship is the "Gazela of Philadelphia". To the Independence Seaport Museum (Naval Museum) include the USS "Olympia", which played an important role in the war against Spain in 1898, and the submarine USS "Becuna" from WWII. The Great Plaza is the location of numerous cultural and ethnic events, concerts and festivals. There are plans to build a new entertainment center here, but construction has not yet started.

Society Hill, between Delaware River and 5th Street, bounded by Walnut Street on the north and Lombard Street on the south.
Those who want to avoid the crowds at the historic sites of the Old City will find peace and quiet on this hilly terrain Residential areas from the Wilhelminian era the city. The Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority acquired approximately 600 historic homes and rented them to individuals on condition that they be restored. Gaps in houses were filled with contemporary buildings. The main attraction for tourists is the South Street with shops and restaurants. The name Society Hill comes from the Free Society of Traders, which gave William Penn discounts on land purchases and other privileges at the time.

Philadelphia Museum of Art, 26th Street and Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Admission $ 8, children under 18 $ 5, free until 1pm on Sundays. Wednesday and Friday long evening opening hours until 8.45 p.m. The museum is one of the most important Art museums of the USA. The museum building dates from 1928 according to plans by the architectural group Borie, Dantzinger and Trumbauer. From the steps there is an imposing panorama of the Philadelphia skyline. The European Impressionists and the American Collection are particularly worth seeing.

American Art: Decorative art, paintings and sculptures by American artists have been continuously collected since the museum was founded in 1876. The collection is considered one of the best today.

European arts and crafts: The museum rooms offer a tour through the history of art in Europe.

European painting and sculpture: Numerous names from the history of art are represented here with works: Agnolo Bronzini, Jean Baptiste Simenon Chardin, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Nicolas Poussin, Paul Cézanne

The Highlights of the permanent exhibitions are available on the Internet via Collections in English.

Tip: A CityPass is available for Philadelphia, which includes admission to 6 attractions for a single price (= $ 36 for adults; $ 22 for children ages 3-11) (Philadelphia Zoo, Philadelphia Trolley Works, The Franklin Institute Science Museum, The Academy of Nataural Sciences, Independance Seaport Museum, National Constitution Center). More details at https://www.citypass.com/philadelphia.