What is the rudder of a boat

Rowing: fun from A to Z.

A.

Eighth
Belongs to the supreme discipline in rowing next to the one. The 'Germany eight' became famous with numerous victories at the Olympic Games and World Championships. As the name suggests, there are eight rowers in the boat. In competitions, the helmsman row with a helmsman.

boom
Construction on a rowboat, with which the oarlock is attached at the required distance and gives the boat stability. Depending on the width and length of the boat, there are standard values ​​as to how far the boom may be attached from the rowing area. For example, the narrower and more unstable the boat, the wider the boom needs to be.

B.

Port
Sailor's name for the left side in the direction of travel. The oars are marked in red.

Boat class
Different boat classes are rowed. The designation is based on how many rowers sit in a boat and whether it is rolled or strapped and whether a helmsman is in the boat or not. The most popular boat classes are:
1x = one
2x = double scull
2- = two people without a helmsman
2+ = two people with a helmsman
4x- = double foursome without helmsman
4x + = double foursome with helmsman
4- = four people without a helmsman
4+ = foursome with a helmsman
8+ = eighth with helmsman

In the area of ​​recreational rowing, there are additional boat classes.

B.

Bug
Front part of the boat in the direction of travel. The rowers' places are named from the bow.

D.

Oarlock
Long nail, fork or similar made of wood or metal with which the oars (oars) are attached to the boat.

E.

One
The one - or skiff - belongs to the supreme discipline in rowing alongside the eighth and has been Olympic since 1900. As the name suggests, there is only one rower in the boat. In racing rowing, it also plays a major role in training. The individual rowing technique can be trained in one. The training also serves to prepare for a regatta in a team boat.

H

Rear
Front part of the boat.

K

Cancer / catching a cancer
Describes tangling when you want to get out of the water with a skull or a strap. Happened relatively often with beginners.

L.

Lightweight class
This class is the only limited weight class that has maximum upper limits depending on age. The lightweight class has been around since the early 1970s. The reason for this is the fact that rowing is a strength-endurance sport in which, in addition to size, weight or muscle percentage is decisive for speed. For example, lightweight rowers in the Masters age group from 27 years of age may not weigh more than 72.5 kilograms. In international competitions there are special races for lightweights.

R.

regatta
Rowing boat races in which boats of the same class compete against each other. A regatta course must have six rowing lanes, which must be marked with buoys over the entire course and width. The term comes from Italy. In Venice, gondolieri competitions (Italian regata = gondola competition) have been taking place according to a fixed program since 1315.

belt
Maritime technical term for the rudder rod including the rudder blade, which hang on one side out of the rowing boat and are operated with both hands.

Roll seat
So that the rower can bend his legs and straighten them again, the seat is attached to two parallel roller rails in the boat. This makes it possible to use the legs and the oar stroke can be extended. The feet are fixed to the boat with a stretcher.

S.

Blow
Movement sequence with a bow and stern rowing movement.

Batsman
The batsman sits in the stern of the boat and is in the first position as seen by the crew and specifies the number of strokes, i.e. the times when sculls or oars are inserted into the water and lifted out again. The other rowers follow his or her movements in order to row as evenly as possible.

Skull
Seafarer's name for the oar rod, including the oar blade, hanging over the ship's side on both sides of each oaring place. Each skull is moved with one hand.

tax
Device for changing the direction of travel in boats with a helmsman. He operates the steering wheel with his foot.

Starboard
Seafarer's name for the right side in driving directions. The oars are marked in green.

Helmsman
The only person on the crew in the boat who is not rowing. Depending on the boat class, he or she lies in the bow or sits in the stern. The helmsman steers the boat over the steering line, they cheer the crew on during a regatta, inform about the race happening and give commands for intermediate sprints. Helmsmen and women must weigh at least 55 kg.

As of: May 2nd, 2018, 2:10 pm