Are pugs extinct and why

Pug - Notorious Companion Dog

About the pug


  • FCI group 9: Society and companion dogs
  • Section 11: Small mastiff-like dogs
  • Size: 6.3 to 8.1 kilograms (weight)
  • Colours: Black, silver, light colored with black mask

Posture recommendation: The pug can be kept in the apartment. He needs enough exercise every day to stay healthy. He also wants a lot of attention from his people - so you should have time. He is very fond of children - well suited for families. For very active / sporty people who want to do agility or similar with their dog, it is rather not suitable.

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“A life without a pug is possible, but pointless” - this quote from Loriot is indicative of how much demand and demand the pug once was. Songs, poems and stories have been written about him, hardly any dog ​​has been painted as often as the pug, and hardly any other dog breed has so many legends and heroic sagas. It is said to have been a pug who saved Prince William I of Orange from Spanish assassins by waking him up by barking.

Origin unknown?

Whether this actually corresponds to the truth can no longer be clarified today - just as little as the actual origin of the pug. It is known that there is a relatively high degree of probability that he came from China and that he sat there at the side of the emperors over 2000 years ago - but how he got there or how he was brought to Europe is uncertain.

It was not until the 15th century that more and more evidence of the emergence of the dog breed in Europe can be found and from then on all high rulers were caught under the spell of the pug.

Anyone who was self-respecting - and could afford it - bought a pug, had them portrayed, modeled or painted on porcelain. Even a pug order was founded by Archbishop Clemens August von Bayern - even if this did not serve as a breeding association, as one might think, but as a replacement for the Masonic lodges banned by the Pope.

But like every trend, the pug went 'out of fashion' at some point. As early as the middle of the 19th century, Queen Victoria is said to have no longer been able to find a representative of this breed.

The pug: a fashion dog in the 19th century

This was due, among other things, to the wrong posture in the Biedermeier parlors, where the pug was only stuffed full of goodies and never moved. The once muscular dog, which is said to have accompanied his masters on the battlefields in the past, degenerated into a lazy copy of himself. The answer came in the form of Wilhelm Busch's mocking verses, where the pug is portrayed as a fat, stupid and lazy animal.

By the end of the 19th century, the once absolute fashion dog - like many other small breeds - was almost extinct. At least in Europe. But eventually Lord and Lady Willoughby and Mr. Morrison brought the pugs together from all over the world in order to resume breeding and to guarantee the continuation of the breed.

Since then, however, the trend has been towards an increasingly flatter nose and a very square face, probably due to a misinterpretation of the previous breed standard. The result: breathing difficulties and health problems are troublesome for many pugs these days.

The FCI standard was therefore changed in 2010 and now condemns exaggerations regarding the nose or the eyes. Accordingly, in terms of the health of the animals, one tries to get back to the original appearance of the pug when its nose protruded even further.

Fitness claims

The pug likes to sleep a lot and needs to be cuddled, but every dog ​​can and must move around. Contrary to many opinions or prejudices, the four-legged friends can do this very well - of course, the animals' breathing must be observed. Overbred pugs that have health problems related to this should not be overwhelmed.

Otherwise, the healthy animal enjoys long walks and also has fun with little balancing games. Jumping, digging and romping around with masters - pugs are very active if you encourage and motivate them accordingly. At least they are not the lazy, hungry and overweight dogs that Wilhelm Busch described - they only become that if the human being allows it.

Breed specific traits

Whoever you ask about the typical characteristics of the pug, one of the answers that comes up almost all the time is: "He has a lot of charm." And the round eyes of these four-legged friends quickly cast a spell over you. If they then tilt their heads, many a hard heart is softened. But many pugs also know that they can achieve this effect. Masters and mistresses should therefore be strict with their four-legged friends, no matter how much they beg.

Otherwise, pugs are very sociable and, above all, affectionate. They would like to never leave their people's side and accompany them in every life situation. Many representatives of this breed also try exactly that and - if you allow it - even nestle in bed with masters.

If the pack isn't there, they yelped for hours - but the pug isn't really a yapper.

In a pinch, the pug will get the attention it needs itself

So the pug needs a lot of attention - it might get it itself by annoying you until you give in. A certain strict upbringing is required so that your new family member doesn't do everything they want. Of course, pugs are very sensitive. Hardness has no place in upbringing - you just shouldn't let the dog's eyes always soften you. Otherwise he'll never stop doing it.

If you still have a bit of patience and know how to motivate a dog, you can also teach the pug smaller tricks. Because animals are by no means stupid. It's just like the English Bulldog: A pug won't do anything it thinks is pointless.

Posture recommendation

The pug can be kept in an apartment without difficulty. Of course, he needs enough space to run out and a place to withdraw from time to time. (Although pugs very rarely would voluntarily walk away from their humans.)

Otherwise, the pug is very suitable for families, as it has a fundamentally friendly nature (also towards strangers, other animals or children) and it is also a good beginner dog. Of course, as with any breed, it is important to be thoroughly informed beforehand.

It is very important that the breeder makes sure that the dogs are doing well. For example, the nose was not bred to be extra blunt and the eyes were not bred to be extra protruding. Because this very approach only ensures that the dogs suffer health-wise.

But if you pay attention to everything, have enough time to take care of the affectionate pug and if you are looking for a cuddly, loving and loyal dog, you will probably find the perfect companion in this breed.

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