What is the biggest Mexican holiday
New Year (also: New Year's Day) is the first day of the calendar year. In almost all cultures, but with sometimes very different time calculations and thus also calendars, the New Year is associated with a New Year's festival, which is subsequently also celebrated at different times: Bahai: Naw Ruz, Buddhist and Taoist: Tết Nguyên Đán (Vietnam) and Chinese New Year, Christian: New Year, applies among others in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as a public holiday, Islamic: Hijra, Jewish: Rosh Hashanah, Iranian: Nouruz, Japanese: Japanese New Year. In the western cultural area, January 1st has been widely used as the date for the beginning of the year since the Middle Ages. Regardless, there were and are different dates in different regions and times, and in addition, different New Year's dates were sometimes used in the same geographic areas. In 153 BC According to their calendar, the Romans moved the beginning of the year from March 1st to January 1st, the day the consuls took office. They also named the years after the terms of office of these consuls. The counting months (September, as much as the seventh, October, the eighth, November, the ninth, December, the tenth) lost their respective positions. Until the New Year's Day was established in 1691 by Pope Innocent XII. On January 1st, January 6th was the beginning of the year in large parts of Europe.
1917 Proclamation of the Liberal Constitution of Mexico in the National Theater of Querétaro.
Benito Juárez García (born March 21, 1806 in Guelatao, † July 18, 1872 in Mexico City) was a Mexican statesman and President of Mexico from 1861–1872. He is considered one of the greatest reformers in Mexico.
Maundy Thursday (also High, Holy or White Thursday) is the German name for the fifth day of Holy Week or Holy Week. The Christian churches commemorate Jesus' last supper with the twelve apostles on the eve of his crucifixion. Maundy Thursday is the day before Good Friday and is one of the three cartages in the narrower sense. With Vespers on Maundy Thursday evening, the so-called Triduum Sacrum (or Triduum Paschale) begins, i.e. the celebration of the three Easter days (Good Friday, Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday). As the day of remembrance of the Last Supper and the associated institution of the Eucharist by Jesus Christ himself, Maundy Thursday has a high place in the liturgy. Since the cartage, due to its fundamental character as days of mourning and the co-execution of the Passion of Jesus, does not allow a particular display of splendor, but since the Fourth Lateran Council a special need for the veneration of the real presence of the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist has arisen Since the 13th century, the Catholic Church has introduced the post-Easter Corpus Christi feast on the second Thursday after Pentecost as the second Eucharistic Feast, which is therefore closely related to Maundy Thursday.
Good Friday (Old High German: kara "lament, sorrow, sorrow") is the Friday before Easter. It follows Maundy Thursday and precedes Holy Saturday. Christians commemorate Jesus Christ's death on the cross on this day. Good Friday is also called "Silent" or "High Friday". In the Catholic Church it is a strict day of fasting and abstinence. The name “Good Friday” goes back to Martin Luther. Including Maundy Thursday evening, Good Friday is the first day of the three-day Easter celebration (Triduum Sacrum or Triduum paschale), which in its entirety represents the highest feast of the church year in all denominations and is celebrated like a single service.
May Day is also known as Labor Day, May Day or Labor Movement Day. It is a public holiday in Germany, Austria, parts of Switzerland and many other countries, such as Italy, Russia, PR China, Greece, France, Sweden, Finland, Turkey, Mexico, Thailand, North Korea, Portugal and Brazil.
On September 16, 1810, under the leadership of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a priest of Spanish descent filled with progressive ideas, the struggle for Mexican independence began.
The Día de Muertos (Day of the Dead) is one of the most important Mexican holidays, on which the deceased is traditionally remembered in Mexico. The preparation time for the celebrations begins in mid-October, and the celebrations take place from October 31 to November 2. The Día de los Muertos is celebrated in different ways depending on the region. The Day of the Dead was added to the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2003. The festivities in their traditional form are considered threatened as they are gradually being influenced by the more commercial Halloween custom from North America, with which the Day of the Dead has little in common other than the general theme.
The Mexican Revolution is a phase of political and social upheaval that began in 1910, when opposition groups around Francisco Madero began to bring about the overthrow of the dictatorial long-term Mexican president Porfirio Díaz. The uprising against Díaz was the beginning of a series of sometimes extremely bloody fighting and unrest that gripped large parts of Mexico and did not allow the country to calm down well into the 1920s. Not only were the conflicting interests of the very different socio-political groups involved in the Mexican Revolution fought out, but in some cases a real social revolution was also realized. The main cause of the social revolutionary side of the revolution was the Zapatista movement, which in turn was based on the ideas of the anarchist Magonistas, who propagated indigenous collectivism and libertarian socialism under the slogan Tierra y Libertad (“Land and Freedom”). The violent political repression of the old Mexican oligarchy and the destruction or reshaping of the Porfirist state apparatus and the pre-revolutionary army can be seen as the main results of the protracted struggles of the Mexican Revolution, which were essentially concluded in 1920. This was accompanied by the rise of a new ruling class from the ranks of the various revolutionary movements and the emergence of new state structures. The implementation of important social reforms, which had been one of the main reasons for the outbreak of the revolution, took place after a considerable delay under the presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas del Río.
Christmas, also called (Holy) Christmas Festival, is the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. The festival day is December 25th, Christmas Day (Roman Catholic also solemnity of the birth of the Lord), the celebrations of which begin on the previous evening, on Christmas Eve (also Christmas Eve, December 24th). It is a public holiday in many states and the start of the Christmas break; In Germany, Austria and many other countries, December 26th is added as the second Christmas holiday, which is celebrated as St. Stephen's Day in the Roman Catholic and Old Catholic Churches.
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