How does freezing and thawing occur
Freeze and thaw food properly
The right containers for freezing
You can freeze either Freezer cans or freeze bag different sizes can be used. Freezer bags are very practical Zip fastener.
Freeze food properly
It is important that the food is always hermetically sealed are. Otherwise freezer burn will quickly develop, which will dry out the affected areas and the food will become inedible.
If liquid food is frozen, the bags or cans and containers should only be 3/4 full. Because frozen liquid expands and the container could burst.
To keep track of things: Don't forget to mark the bags or containers with the date.
Freeze at what temperature?
The temperature in the freezer or in the freezer should always be at or just below -18 degrees Celsius It makes sense to check the temperature at regular intervals with the help of a thermometer.
How long can frozen foods keep?
When storing frozen food, it should be borne in mind that not all foods have the same shelf life:
|Type of frozen food||Shelf life|
|flesh||3-12 months (the higher the fat content of the meat, the shorter it should be frozen)|
|Fish, shellfish||2-4 months|
|Herbs||up to one year|
|Dairy products||2-6 months|
Shelf life of fruits, vegetables and herbs
Fruit, vegetables and herbs can be kept for up to 1 year. Afterwards, these foods lose their taste and the essential oils are lost in the case of herbs.
Shelf life of sausages
Minced meat and sausages should be frozen for a maximum of 3 months, so do not buy too large quantities of them.
Shelf life of meat
It looks different with meat. The leaner it is, especially roast or poultry, can be kept for up to a year. Fatty types of meat have a limited shelf life and should be kept for a maximum of six months.
Shelf life of fish
While fish in its original state or as fillets can only be frozen for 4 months, it looks different with fish fingers, fish cakes and the like. These foods can be stored for up to a year.
Freeze vegetables properly
Which vegetables should be blanched before freezing?
Some vegetables need to be blanched before freezing. These include, for example:
Short-term cooking slows down the ripening and rotting process, so the frozen vegetables can be kept longer and their shape and color remain the same.
How do you freeze fresh peas?
Peas have to be blanched before freezing, this is the only way to keep their green color.
For this, prepare a bowl with ice water, bring the water to a boil in a large saucepan, then dip the washed peas in a sieve insert in the water for about 3 minutes, then remove them again and add them to the ice water. Then drain the peas and freeze them in freezer cans or freezer bags.
Freeze pointed cabbage
Wash the pointed cabbage before freezing, cut into small pieces, blanch and then freeze in suitable containers.
First wash the celery, remove the leaves and roots and use a knife to remove the coarse threads.
Then cut the vegetables into pieces, bring the water to a boil in a saucepan and put the vegetable pieces in it for 3-4 minutes.
Then briefly rinse the celery in a bowl with ice water, then drain and freeze in portions.
Can you also freeze celery raw?
Celery can also be frozen raw, but this will reduce the shelf life.
How do you freeze carrots?
Clean the carrots beforehand, cut them into slices, bring the water to the boil, leave the carrot pieces in it for 2-3 minutes, then lift them out and put them in a bowl with ice water (cold water + ice cubes) for 2 minutes.
If the carrots have been cut into pieces, then spread them out on a flat surface (e.g. baking sheet), put them in the freezer compartment for an hour and then fill them into suitable cups or freezer bags. This prevents the carrot pieces from freezing together.
Can I freeze carrots raw?
Carrots can also be frozen raw, but then they will not keep as long as previously blanched carrots.
How can I freeze wild garlic?
Wash the wild garlic leaves thoroughly before freezing and shake dry. Then freeze the wild garlic either whole or cut into small pieces in freezer bags or suitable containers.
How do you freeze beetroot?
Beetroot must be cooked beforehand, for this steam the beetroot in a little water for about 20 minutes. Then peel the tubers, cut into pieces as desired, fill in freezer bags or cans and freeze.
Paprika, for example, is one of the more expensive varieties. Therefore, when they are offered cheaply, they can be bought in large quantities and either cleaned and halved (for stuffed peppers) or frozen cut into strips.
Freeze fruit properly
Berries, stone fruits (plums, peaches, apricots, cherries) are best frozen in portions after it has been appropriately prepared for further processing.
Strawberries It is best to pre-freeze them on a baking sheet or similar before filling them into bags. Otherwise they will be a bit muddy.
rhubarb Peel and cut into pieces before freezing.
The following types of fruit are less suitable for freezing:
However, these types of fruit can be frozen as puree.
How do you freeze mushrooms?
Freeze chanterelles properly
Chanterelles should be blanched before freezing. To do this, bring water to a boil in a saucepan, blanch the cleaned and, if necessary, chopped mushrooms in it for a minute and add a dash of lemon juice. Then let the whole thing cool and freeze in suitable containers.
Freeze the mushrooms and oyster mushrooms
Mushrooms and oyster mushrooms can be frozen raw. To do this, simply clean the mushrooms beforehand with kitchen paper or a brush, cut into slices or pieces as desired and put them in the freezer.
Before freezing, clean the porcini mushrooms and, if necessary, cut them into small pieces.
If you freeze large quantities of mushrooms, it is advisable to blanch the porcini mushrooms beforehand. Bring enough water with a good pinch of salt and a splash of lemon juice to the boil and cook the porcini mushrooms in it for 3-4 minutes.
Freeze herbs properly
First wash the herbs (e.g. chives, parsley, savory, maggi herb, dill, marjoram, basil, rosemary, sage, etc.), shake dry and finely chop if necessary.
Then put the herbs in a suitable container (such as an ice cube tray, freezer bag or small can) and place in the freezer.
Which herbs cannot be frozen?
The following herbs are only moderately suitable for freezing (taste is lost):
Freezing milk and dairy products properly
Can you freeze and thaw milk again?
Milk can be frozen very easily; suitable containers are, for example, in milk cartons, tetra packs or in plastic bottles. Please also remember here that the container is not completely full, otherwise it could burst.
The milk can either be thawed slowly in the refrigerator or more quickly under cold water.
Before use, the milk should be shaken well so that the liquid can mix with the deposited fat layer. Thawed milk is only conditionally suitable for raw consumption; it is better to use it for cooking or baking.
Can yogurt be frozen and thawed again?
If yogurt is frozen to make eggs, this can be done easily. However, yogurt should not be thawed again.
Can cheese be frozen?
Basically, the answer to the question is yes - hard cheese can be frozen and thawed again without any problems. However, it loses its taste and it can become crumbly. Thawed cheese should therefore only be used for cooking or gratinating.
Can you freeze cream cheese?
Cream cheese is not suitable for freezing because it flakes out a little after thawing.
Can you freeze soft cheese?
Soft cheese should not be frozen as this will make it mushy.
Freeze finished food
Which sausages can you freeze?
The sausages should best be sealed tightly and frozen in portions in cling bags.
Cold cuts, ham and pies can also be frozen. For loose goods, simply separate the individual sausage slices from one another with a piece of foil.
Can you freeze sauerkraut?
Cooked and cooled sauerkraut can be frozen. For this, it is best to fill in portions into suitable containers.
Can you freeze cooked pasta?
Put the leftover, cooked pasta in a freezer bag or can, freeze it and simply put it in boiling water for 2-3 minutes before using it again.
Can you freeze homemade lasagna?
Both raw and baked lasagna can be frozen without any problems.
Can you freeze boiled potatoes?
Carrots that have already been cooked can be frozen without any problems, simply freeze the tubers whole, in pieces or sliced. These can be used to prepare mashed potatoes, soups or fleas.
Ready-made potato dishes such as potato dumplings, potato soup, fried potatoes or mashed potatoes can also be frozen.
Do frozen fruits and vegetables still have vitamins?
Frozen fruit and vegetables can be described as a healthy alternative to fresh fruit and vegetables, because vitamins and minerals are retained during freezing.
Which foods can and should not be frozen?
- Raw potatoes: By freezing and thawing, they lose their consistency and also become mushy.
- Eggs: Raw, shelled and boiled eggs are not suitable for freezing, but raw and cracked eggs are frozen.
- Fruits and vegetables with a high water content (e.g .: grapes, melons, cucumbers, radishes, leaf salads): These have a high water content, become mushy when they freeze and can then no longer be eaten raw.
- Dairy productssuch as cream cheese, whole milk, cream or yogurt
Can you freeze warm food?
The frozen food or finished food should be allowed to cool down completely before freezing.
Freeze food without plastic
The most popular ways to freeze food is to put it in plastic bags or plastic containers. However, there are alternatives:
- Glass: Particularly suitable for soups, porridge, herbs or fresh berries
- Cotton bag: Especially suitable for bread and bread products
- Wax paper: also recommended for bread and rolls, but the food can only be kept for a few weeks
- Ice cube molds (made of stainless steel): Sauces, vegetable broths or chopped herbs can be frozen in this way
Thaw, but do it right
Depending on the food, it may or may not be necessary to defrost it before it can be used again.
As a general rule, it can be said that food should be frozen quickly but thawed slowly.
The following options are available when defrosting:
- in warm water
- in the microwave
- at room temperature
- in the refrigerator
How do I properly defrost meat and fish?
- Meat and fish are best served slowly and gently fridge thawed. A grid under the frozen food ensures that it does not lie in the defrosted water.
- When things have to go faster, meat can be in warm water be thawed: To do this, put the meat in a freezer bag, close it tightly, heat water in a saucepan to max. 60 degrees, insert the freezer bag and leave it in it for 10-12 minutes.
- Furthermore, the microwave used to defrost meat. To do this, set the microwave to the defrost function, the power should be between 180 and 240 watts. Now place the meat on a microwave-safe plate, put it in the microwave and heat the meat for 6-8 minutes. Repeat the process more often for larger quantities of meat. In doing so, pour off the defrosted water in between.
Thawed raw meat must not be refrozen.
Thaw frozen minced meat properly
One way to thaw minced meat is in the refrigerator. The minced meat needs around 12 hours per 450 grams. To do this, put the minced meat in a plastic bag or in a plastic bowl and let it thaw slowly in the refrigerator.
For a faster process, place the minced meat with the packaging in cold water.
No-Go's when defrosting minced meat
Minced meat should never be thawed in the microwave, at room temperature, or in a warm water bath. The higher temperatures promote bacterial growth and the meat can become inedible.
How do you defrost bread in the microwave?
Bread slices can be thawed well in the microwave. To do this, place the bread slices on a plate and heat them in the microwave on the highest setting for about 10 seconds. Then check whether the bread has thawed. If not, defrost again for 10 seconds.
Defrosting fruits and berries
Berry and fruit only need to be thawed if it is necessary to drain them beforehand, for example when baking.
For compote and Jams the frozen food can be used immediately. Vegetables are best added to the cooking water when frozen so that they don't get mushy.
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